GESIS - DBK - ZA0306

ZA0306: Contribution of the French Middle Class to Economic Growth

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  • ZA0306_fb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA0306_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Dierkes, Meinolf (1966): Contribution of the French Middle Class to Economic Growth. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA0306 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA0306
TitleContribution of the French Middle Class to Economic Growth
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1966)
Date of Collection05.1966 - 06.1966
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Dierkes, Meinolf - Forschungsstelle für empirische Sozialökonomik, Köln


AbstractStatus of the rationalization efforts of France´s medium-sized companies, their expansion efforts as well as their ability to adapt to the structural change of a growing economy. Topics: Attitude to government economic policy; judgement on economic development; size of company; management; product policy; planning; investment behavior; storekeeping; export development; productivity; machinery; office equipment; personnel and social matters; cooperation with other companies; profit development; expenditures for research and development; utilization of external consultants; existence of an organization plan; financing behavior and willingness to go into debt; openness to innovation; willingness to expand; taxation mentality; tax climate; attitude to the tax system, tax reduction, tax equity; relations between taxpayers and tax authorities; attitude to possibilities for legal and illegal tax saving; opinions on tax evasion and appropriate penalty; attitude to the government (sympathy scale), to competition and to the job of the entrepreneur; time worked each week; job satisfaction; professional further education; attitude to employment of women; achievement incentive or bonus system in the company; provision for old age; party preference; religiousness; social origins. Demography: age (classified); sex; school education; further education; occupation; professional position; professional career; regional origins.
Categories Categories
  • Work and Industry
Topics Topics
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 17.5 Economic policy


Geographic Coverage
  • Paris (FR-75-PAR)
  • Lyon (FR-69-LIO)
  • Nantes (FR-44-NTE)
  • Rouen (FR-76-URO)
Universemanagers of medium-sized enterprises, free-lancers and employees
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Over-sample stratified random sample of managers of medium-sized enterprises (494 respondents), free-lancers (98 respondents) and employees (192 respondents).
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral interview with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorCINAM, Paris
Date of Collection
  • 05.1966 - 06.1966

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesZA Study Nos. 0307 and 0308, which contain in part identical questions, were also conducted within the scope of the project.
Number of Units: 784
Number of Variables: -
Data Type: Einfachlochung
Analysis System(s): -


  • Dierkes, Meinolf: Der Beitrag des französischen Mittelstandes zum wirtschaftlichen Wachstum. Köln: Westdeutscher Verlag 1969 (Abhandlungen zur Mittelstandsforschung, Bd. 39)
  • Biervert, Bernd: Frankreich: Überspielter Steuerwiderstand. In: Beichelt, B. u. a.: Steuernorm und Steuerwirklichkeit. Bd. 2: Steuermentalität und Steuerwirklichkeit in Großbritannien, Frankreich, Italien und Spanien. Köln: Westdeutscher Verlag 1969 (Forschungsberichte des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, Nr. 2041)
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)