GESIS - DBK - ZA1222

ZA1222: The Role of Broadcasting in the First Direct Elections to the European Parliament

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  • ZA1222_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1222_v1-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 5 MBytes
  • ZA1222_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 4 MBytes


  • ZA1222_cod.pdf (Codebook) 796 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Blumler, Jay G.; Thoveron, Gabriel; Cayrol, Roland; Schulz, Winfried; Schonbach, Klaus; McQuail, Denis; Brants, Kees; Mazzoleni, Gianpietro; Siune, Karen; Pedersen, Vibeke; Kelly, Mary (2013): The Role of Broadcasting in the First Direct Elections to the European Parliament. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1222 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA1222
TitleThe Role of Broadcasting in the First Direct Elections to the European Parliament
Other Titles
  • Media Study 1979 (Parallel Title)
Current Version1.0.0, 2013-4-23,
Date of Collection01.1979 - 06.1979
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Blumler, Jay G. - Centre for Television Research, University of Leeds, UK
  • Thoveron, Gabriel - University of Brussels, Belgium
  • Cayrol, Roland - Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, Paris, France
  • Schulz, Winfried - University of Münster, Germany
  • Schonbach, Klaus - University of Münster, Germany
  • McQuail, Denis - University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Brants, Kees - University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Mazzoleni, Gianpietro - University of Milan, Italy
  • Siune, Karen - University of Aarhus, Denmark
  • Pedersen, Vibeke - University of Aarhus, Denmark
  • Kelly, Mary - University College Dublin, Ireland


AbstractThe 1979 Media Study investigates the role of television in the first direct European Elections in 1979. It is a cross-national empirical research across nine nations. The research team included scholars from each of the European Community countries and involved the collection and analysis of data from each country about the campaigning activities of participating parties, journalists’ attitudes toward Europe and the elections, campaign coverage on television, and voters’ exposure and responses to the campaign.
Categories Categories
  • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Political Parties, Organizations
Topics Topics
  • 9.2 Mass media
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.7 Elections


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
UniverseA content analysis of all party broadcasts and special programmes, documentaries, discussions, debates, press conferences, phone-ins, dealing with Europe, European Community, European Integration, European institutions, European elections.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
The study includes in each country the news items and current affairs programmes dealing with Europe, European Community, European Integration, European institutions, European elections, and political and economic aspects of other member countries. Television programmes formally identified as ‘educational’ and spot advertisements are excluded.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Content analysis
Date of Collection
  • 01.1979 - 06.1979

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2013-4-23 first archive edition
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 9896
Number of Variables: 228
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Blumler, Jay G. (Ed.): Communicating to voters. Television in the first European parliamentary elections. London: Sage 1983
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  • European Election Studies
    Beside these international studies there is also group European Election (Germany), in which the surveys are listed that were only done in Germany for the European Parliament elections.