GESIS - DBK - ZA1598

ZA1598: European Political Parties' Middle-Level Elites

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  • ZA1598_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 875 KBytes
  • ZA1598_fb.pdf (Questionnaire) 6 MBytes


  • ZA1598_volume1_cod.pdf (Codebook) 17 MBytes
  • ZA1598_volume2_cod.pdf (Codebook) 12 MBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Niedermayer, Oskar; Schmitt, Hermann (1987): European Political Parties' Middle-Level Elites. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1598 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA1598
TitleEuropean Political Parties' Middle-Level Elites
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1987)
Date of Collection06.1975 - 05.1983
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Niedermayer, Oskar - Institut für Sozialwissenschaften und Europa-Institut der Universität Mannheim
  • Schmitt, Hermann - Institut für Sozialwissenschaften und Europa-Institut der Universität Mannheim


AbstractPolitical career, conception of oneself, political orientation and attitudes to the EC of party convention delegates in European countries. Topics: Delegate status; delegate federation; public officialship and kind of office; year of party-joining; change of party membership; previous party; party officialship; kind of office, level (city level or national level) and function; name of the last committee attended; controversies among participants concerning decisions; way of decision; time devoted to party activities (party time allocation); intra-party tendencies. Preferred chairmanship successor; frequency of political discussions in respondent’s home and themes of parents political discussions; party membership of parents; parents support of parties; public officialship of parents; occupation of parents; economic conditions of respondent’s family in his childhood; town size; metropolitan residence; local employment; local party organization: number of members in local party organization; number of active male and female members; age distribution of active members; development of membership over the last five years; frequency of general meetings; meeting place; discussion topics; interest in local, national, European, international and intra-party matters; controversies in advance of the party convention; participation in previous conferences; preparation activities for the party conference; information sources; importance of conference functions; preferred conduct with dissent between the majority decision of the basis in comparison to party leadership; decision behaviour in case of divergence between standpoint of party conference decision and standpoint of party group in national parliaments; influence of a delegate on decisions pre-conference and at the conference itself; speech at the party conference; sympathy scale for other parties and for selected associations; attitude towards the party role concerning principles, votes, pragmatism and ideology; attitude towards selected common political issues and preferred decision-making level (European, national or regional level); most important issues; native language; knowledge of foreign languages; preferred conduct of the EC with the superpowers; preferred form of European unification; knowledge of party-federations in the European Parliament; willingness to sacrifice for the unification of Europe; attitude towards the country´s flag on ceremonial occasions flown under a European flag; importance of elections to the European Parliament; importance of election of the president of the European Commission by the Parliament; attitude towards the expansion of the European Community; preferred countries for expansion; support for a common program; preferred concepts (issues); importance of a common program; most powerful country members of the EC; attitude towards fraternal party cooperation; sympathy-scale for selected party groupings in the European Parliament; political actors in the EP campaign; campaign themes; European Parliament candidacy; intension to future EP candidacy; reason for EP candidacy and for non-candidacy; self-classification on a left-right continuum; sympathy towards nationalities; attitude towards the nation’s membership in the EC; transnational congress that was attended; federation, year and place of the transnational congress; attitude towards public political activities and party-related activities; attitudes towards leftist victory and to state priorities. Demography: Age (year of birth); sex; current occupation and last occupation; occupation of spouse; if farmer: farm and class; income; class consciousness; subjective social class; age of school-leaving; level of last school attended; type of last school attended (state or privately managed); university branch; religious affiliation; intensity of religious frequency (church-going frequency); trade union membership; name of trade union; activity level in trade union (simple member, active member or office holder); office held in trade union (level and function); membership in employers organization, independent workers’ organization; activity level, level and function in these organizations; membership in party associations; office in party associations; level and function; voluntary organization membership; name, type, office, level and function; number of political organizations (partly non-political organizations), professional organizations, cultural organizations. Additionally coded: survey year.
Categories Categories
  • Political Parties, Organizations
Topics Topics
  • 11.1 Domestic political issues
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
UniverseParty conference delegates of the respective political parties. Exception: respondents from the DP party in Luxembourg, the FDF in Belgium, and Ireland. For more information see Codebook.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Written survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorGermany: Institut für Sozialwissenschaften und Europa-Institut der Universität Mannheim Belgium: Nicole Loeb-Mayer, Paul Claeys, University of Brussels Denmark: Ib Faurby, Ole P. Kristensen, University of Aarhus Spain: Julian Santamaria, University of Madrid, Juan Botella, University of Barcelona France: Roland Cayrol, Colette Ysmal, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, Paris Ireland: Ian Gordon, Kingston Polytechnic, Neil Collins, University of Liverpool Italy: Gianfranco Pasquino, Piero Ignazi, University of Bologna Luxembourg: Mario Hirsch, Luxembourg and University of Strassburg Netherlands: Isaac Lipschits, Wijbrandt van Schuur, University of Groningen Portugal: Maria Fernandez Stock, University of Evora Great Britain: Ian Gordon, Kingston Polytechnic, Paul Whiteley, University of Bristol, Herbert Doering, University of London Northern Ireland: Paul Hainsworth, Arthur Aughey, Colin McIlheny, Ulster Polytechnic Belfast
Date of Collection
  • 06.1975 - 05.1983

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe study consists of several slightly different datasets. For every party convention there was a new questionnaire somewhat changed and adapted to the situation of the respective party. Beyond the German version of the study described here there is an expansion at European level. This project, called the ´European Political Parties´ Middle-Level Elites Project´, contains the survey of party convention delegates of the most important parties in Belgium, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Northern Ireland. For this there is a data set with the common core of all surveys.
Number of Units: 14175 (total)
Number of Variables: 483 (national data set _1)
Data Type: single-punch
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • Schmitt, Hermann: Neue Politik in alten Parteien: Zum Verhältnis von Gesellschaft und Parteien in der Bundesrepublik. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1987. (Studien zur Sozialwissenschaft, Bd. 69)
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)