GESIS - DBK - ZA1713

ZA1713: Eurobarometer 28 (Nov 1987)

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  • ZA1713_v1-1-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 12 MBytes
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  • ZA1713_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
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  • ZA1713_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 750 KBytes
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  • ZA1713_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1713_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 914 KBytes
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  • ZA1713_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 4 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 28 (Nov 1987) Relations with Third World Countries and Energy Problems
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 28 (Nov 1987). Faits et Opinions, Paris. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1713 Data file Version 1.1.0,
Study No.ZA1713
TitleEurobarometer 28 (Nov 1987)
Other Titles
  • Relations with Third World Countries and Energy Problems (Subtitle)
Current Version1.1.0, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi.10.3886/ICPSR09082.v2, 1989
Date of Collection5.10.1987 - 24.11.1987
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractThe survey has 5 main focus areas: 1. General satisfaction 2. Questions on foreign aid 3. Judgement on energy questions 4. Attitude to European unification 5. Attitude to support of sporting events by the EC 6. Judgement on European-American relations 7. Questions on European youth Topics: 1. Eligibility to vote at place of residence; general future prospects for the coming year; expected increase of strikes and international conflicts; fear of war (scale); judgement on the economic situation of the Federal Republic and one´s own financial situation; general contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy; personal opinion leadership; interest in politics; postmaterialism; knowledge about the European program to combat cancer; most important areas of interest; areas of personal commitment; educational goals; most important youth problems; memberships; use of municipal meeting places and youth centers; self-assessment of language proficiency; knowledge of a foreign language and teaching institution; language at home; assessment of the usefulness and importance of learning foreign languages; judgement on language instruction in schools; description of the type of household and reason for the family situation; number and ages of children in household as well as degree of relationship; financial support received in raising children. 2. Classification of the importance of selected political problems and preference for national or European problem solutions (scale); assessment of the future development of international tensions, standard of living, hunger, technical progress in the service of the poorer countries and the relationship of the industrial nations to other countries; thoughtful use of the resources of the world; knowledge of nations in which people die of hunger; assessment of the progress in selected developing countries and information on countries held not capable of development; judgement on media reporting about the third world; areas about which one wishes more information; general judgement on improvement or deterioration of the situation of developing countries; attitude to foreign aid; primary goal of relations to third world countries; judgement on the chances of success of development policy; most important reasons for development policy; personal experiences in developing countries; assessment of the influence of economic development in third world countries on life in one´s country; assessment of the political and economic dependencies between industrial nations and third world countries (scale); knowledge about provision of foreign aid by the state government, the European Community, the UN, business and industry as well as non-governmental relief organizations; institutions providing the most effective foreign aid; relief actions for the third world in the neighborhood or at place of residence; requests for donations received; participation in third world events; membership in a third world group; willingness to expend time for actions and give donations for the third world. 3. Assessment of the current as well as future energy problem of the country; knowledge about the degree of self-sufficiency as well as assessment of the most reliable energy providers of the country; preferred policies to secure the future energy need; assessment of energy waste in one´s country; attitude to government regulation in reducing energy consumption; attitude to government subsidies for research on newer forms of energy or subsidies for energy-saving equipment; the energy form of the future most stable in price, most reliable and most compatible with the environment; assessment of the risk of selected industrial facilities; attitude to further development of nuclear power plants; expansion of nuclear power or restriction of energy consumption; assessment of the seriousness of the energy problem; most important dangers from an nuclear power plant and radioactive waste; expected development of power consumption in the next few years; attitude to reduction in proportion of petroleum in the generation of electricity; preference for coal or nuclear energy to cover the additional energy need; personal energy conservation behavior and areas in which additional conservation opportunities still can be seen; type of energy actually used and desired in heating and cooking in household; possession of durable economic goods; attitude to nuclear power (scale); knowledge of international protective measures in case of a serious nuclear accident; most serious consequences of a hypothetical shortage of oil in the country. 4. Knowledge and reputation of the EC Commission; general attitude to unification of western Europe; development of the unification of Europe actually observed and desired; attitude to membership of the country in the EC; assessment of the advantageousness of free traffic of persons, products and goods within the community through realization of the European market in 1992 (scale); general approval of the domestic market and of a further EC unification; specification of the direction in which unification should progress; assessment of the advantageousness of EC membership of the country; regret of a failure of the European Community; judgement on the agreement between the nations of the EC; familiarity of the European Parliament and general impression of the parliament; current and future role of the parliament; intent to participate in an election to the European Parliament; attitude to strengthening the powers of the European Parliament; attitude to founding a European Government and areas for which a European Government should be responsible; attitude to majority decisions in the EC and to a constitution draft for a united Europe. 5. Knowledge of EC-supported sporting events; attitude to financial support of sporting events by the EC; contribution of sporting events to increase in the degree of familiarity of the EC. 6. Attitude to the USA; judgement on the significance of the European-American tie; assumed attitude of the USA to a united Western Europe; expected development of European-American relations in the next few years. 7. In France, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands the following additional questions were posed to respondents between the ages of 15 to 34 years: interest in work or education in a European country as well as a country outside Europe; most important reasons for a stay abroad; importance of government support of the youth exchange; given the opportunity, intent to go abroad to study or work; expected increase in mobility from the European market; changes of employment prospects from increasing competition in one´s own field of employment; intent to move in the next 10 years; expected change of occupation in the next few years and possible reasons; unemployment and mobility; living in the area in which one grew up; reading foreign magazines; stays abroad; employment similar to that of the parents; vacation stays at other places; large concerns with a particularly European way of thinking. Demography: self-assessment on a left-right continuum; attitude to social change; party allegiance; marital status; age at end of education; party preference (Sunday question); sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; monthly household income; occupational position; company size; position in household; occupation of head of household; city size; degree of urbanization; region. In Spain and Portugal the following additional question was posed: behavior at the polls in the past national election. The following question was also posed in Ireland: attitude to the Irish language. The following question was also posed in Belgium: language in household. In Luxembourg the following additional question was posed: knowledge about EC presidency of one´s country and significance of this presidency for the country. Indices: cognitive and political mobility; postmaterialism index; political EC support; left-right index.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Migration
  • Language and linguistics
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Energy and natural resources
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 9.3 Language and linguistics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 16.2 Natural resources and energy
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
UniverseSample of persons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Various sampling procedures (quota sample and multi-stage random sample) depending on country.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorDIMARSO, Bruessel; EMNID, Bielefeld; Gallup Markedsanalyse, Hellerup; Institut de Sondages Lavialle, Issy-Les-Moulineaux; ICAP Hellas, Athen; Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin; DOXA, Mailand; ILRES, Luxemburg; Instituto de Investigacion Gallup, Madrid; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; Social Surveys (Gallup Poll), London
Date of Collection
  • 8.10.1987 - 16.11.1987 (Belgium)
  • 26.10.1987 - 20.11.1987 (Denmark)
  • 21.10.1987 - 19.11.1987 (Germany)
  • 12.10.1987 - 10.11.1987 (Greece)
  • 5.10.1987 - 23.10.1987 (Spain)
  • 19.10.1987 - 19.11.1987 (France)
  • 20.10.1987 - 4.11.1987 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 23.10.1987 - 5.11.1987 (Italy)
  • 15.10.1987 - 5.11.1987 (Luxembourg)
  • 28.10.1987 - 5.11.1987 (Netherlands)
  • 26.10.1987 - 24.11.1987 (Portugal)
  • 10.10.1987 - 8.11.1987 (United Kingdom)
  • 20.10.1987 - 4.11.1987 (Northern Ireland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1V484GB REGIONS: codes ´11´ and ´12´ inverted.2012-7-1Variable has been recoded as follows: IF (V5 EQ 9 AND V484 EQ 12) V484 EQ 11 (SCOTLAND; n=95); IF (V5 EQ 9 AND V484 EQ 11) V484 EQ 12 (GREATER LONDON; n=90).

Further Remarks

NotesThe 11583 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1005 cases, Federal Republic of Germany 957 cases, Denmark 1008 cases, France 999 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Ireland 998 cases, Italy 1032 cases, Luxembourg 302 cases, Netherlands 965 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1019 cases, United Kingdom 1309 cases. Data provider: ICPSR (Study No. 9082) or BASS (Study No. 8826). Earlier Eurobarometers (2- 27) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995 as well as 1036-1039 and 1206-1209 and 1318-1321 and 1541-1544 as well as 1712, others are archived under ZA Study Nos. 1714 ff. A cumulated data set of the Eurobarometers (1970-2002) with selected trend questions is archived under ZA Study No. 3521.
Number of Units: 11583
Number of Variables: 497
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 28: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1987.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Europeans and Development Aid in 1987. Brussels, March 1988.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Public Opinion in the European Community on Energy in 1987. Brussels, May 1988.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Young Europeans in 1987. Brussels, September 1988
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.