GESIS - DBK - ZA1715

ZA1715: Eurobarometer 30 (Oct-Nov 1988)

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  • ZA1715_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA1715_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 9 MBytes
  • ZA1715_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 18 MBytes
  • ZA1715_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 9 MBytes


  • ZA1715_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1715_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1715_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1715_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1715_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1715_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1715_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1715_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1715_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1715_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1715_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1715_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA1715_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1715_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1715_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA1715_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 6 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 30 (Oct-Nov 1988) Immigrants and Out-Groups in Western Europe
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 30 (Oct-Nov 1988). Faits et Opinions, Paris. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1715 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA1715
TitleEurobarometer 30 (Oct-Nov 1988)
Other Titles
  • Immigrants and Out-Groups in Western Europe (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR09321.v2, 1992-10
Date of Collection17.10.1988 - 21.11.1988
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractThe main survey focus of this Eurobarometer are: 1. Political attitudes and satisfaction, 2. Attitude to the European program to combat cancer, 3. Attitude to democracy and rights to freedom, 4. Attitude to the EC, the European domestic market and EC relations to the USA, 5. Attitude to foreigners and European policies towards foreigners, 6. Attitude to Turks in the FRG or the major foreign group in the respective country. Topics: 1. Eligibility to vote at place of residence; future prospects for the next year; expected increase of strikes or international conflicts; fear of war (scale); judgement on change of personal financial and general economic situation in the last year; comparison of personal economic situation with that of other fellow-citizens; current contentment with life as well as expected satisfaction in five years (scale); satisfaction with democracy (scale); personal opinion leadership and frequency of political discussions; most important political events; feeling of political effectiveness or lack of power; perceived conflict between poor and rich; postmaterialism; national pride. 2. Knowledge about the European program to combat cancer; preference for national or European responsibility for the fight against cancer; fear of personally getting cancer; knowledge about the ´European Code against Cancer´; sources of information about this code; assessment of the effectiveness of the code to prevent cancer; significance of selected cancer prevention measures and of personal cancer prevention behavior; smoking habits; intended changes of one´s own smoking habits; personal activity or activity of family members in the health area or the educational system. 3. Importance of selected political problems; the significance of freedom and justice; attitude to democracy; the significance of selected fundamental rights and freedoms of humanity (scale); feeling of foreign infiltration of the country from people of other nationality, race, religion, culture and social levels; perceived disturbances of daily life from the presence of these people; social closeness to these groups (Bogardus scale); contacts in the neighborhood, in one´s circle of friends or at work with members of this group. 4. Associations with the term ´European domestic market´; assessment of the advantages and disadvantages from realization of the European domestic market (scale); advantages for workers from the domestic market; attitude to support of economically weak regions and creation of large economic areas in Europe (scale); attitude to the European domestic market and to further integration of Europe; judgement on the general results of the European agricultural policy as well as the advantageousness of this policy for farmers, consumers and taxpayers of the country; political interest; interest in matters of the European Community; significance of the EC for future development of the country; knowledge and judgement on the EC Commission (semantic differential); attitude to Western European unification; attitude to EC membership of the country; assessment of the advantages for the country from EC membership; regret of a failure of the EC; feeling as a European; perceived conflict between European and national identity; judgement on trade and financial relations of the country with the USA; preference for free trade or protectionism; attitude to walling off the European domestic market against the outside; judgement on the price guarantee for farmers through the agricultural policy; food price increase from EC agricultural policy; attitude to a common foreign policy and the necessity of the NATO; necessity of the US military presence for maintanance of peace in Europe; attitude to an increased military contribution of the EC to the USA for the common defense of Western Europe; knowledge and judgement on the role of the European Parliament; intent to participate in the next European Election; preferred party; knowledge about the powers of European institutions; attitude to a European defense community, a common social policy and currency union of the European nations; attitude to a European Government; attitude to a constitution draft by the European Parliament and a referendum on a European Union; attitude to an expansion of the EC and preferred countries for new membership; importance of local, regional and national political institutions; assessment of the attitudes of the national parties to Europe. 5. Most important foreign group in one´s own perception; preference for national or European responsibility in establishing the legal status of foreigners; attitude to an extension of the rights of foreigners; attitude to foreigners; judgement on measures to integrate foreigners (scale); attitude to rassist and anti-rassist movements; knowledge of Human Rights Conventions; attitude to Southern Europeans, North Africans, Turks, Black Africans, Indians, Pakistanis, South-east Asians, residents of the Caribbean, Jews and Northern Europeans (scale); attitude to persons of other skin color related by marriage in one´s own family; foreigners in one´s own family; attitude to the activities of fascist groups; perceived threat from fascists; importance of selected political problems. 6. The following questions were also posed in the Federal Republic of Germany: perceived sympathy or admiration for Turks; anger at or perceived fear of Turks who live in this country; attitude to Turks (scale); attitude to returning the Turks living in this country to their native country; assessment of the economic situation of the Turks in this country; racism; hostility to foreigners; characterization of significant differences between Turks and fellow-citizens of one´s own nation. The same questions were posed in France (regarding North Africans/Asians), in Great Britain (regarding Asians/West Indians) and in the Netherlands (regarding Turks/Dutch Guianans). Demography: self-assessment on a left-right continuum; attitude to social change; party allegiance; marital status; age at end of education; party preference (Sunday question); behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; monthly household income; occupational position; employment in the civil service or private enterprise (company sector); company size; supervisor status; party affiliation; union membership; position in household; occupation of head of household; social status; housing situation; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; city size; region. Indices: opinion leadership; postmaterialism; political orientation; EC support; cognitive and political mobility; class; attitude to Europe. Also encoded were: living close to the border; date of interview; time of interview; length of interview; interruption of interview; presence of other persons during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Migration
  • Cultural and national identity
  • Specific diseases, disorders and medical conditions
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 7.8 Specific diseases and medical conditions
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
UniverseSample of persons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Various sampling procedures (quota sample and multi-stage random sample) according to country.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorDIMARSO, Bruessel; EMNID, Bielefeld; Gallup Markedsanalyse, Hellerup; Institut de Sondages Lavialle, Issy-Les-Moulineaux; ICAP Hellas, Athen; Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin; DOXA, Mailand; ILRES, Luxemburg; INTERGALLUP, Madrid; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; Social Surveys (Gallup Poll), London
Date of Collection
  • 18.10.1988 - 06.11.1988 (Belgium)
  • 31.10.1988 - 19.11.1988 (Denmark)
  • 17.10.1988 - 09.11.1988 (Germany)
  • 17.10.1988 - 7.11.1988 (Greece)
  • 17.10.1988 - 04.11.1988 (Spain)
  • 22.10.1988 - 10.11.1988 (France)
  • 18.10.1988 - 10.11.1988 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 26.10.1988 - 10.11.1988 (Italy)
  • 20.10.1988 - 21.11.1988 (Luxembourg)
  • 22.10.1988 - 06.11.1988 (Netherlands)
  • 19.10.1988 - 15.11.1988 (Portugal)
  • 20.10.1988 - 15.11.1988 (Great Britain)
  • 21.10.1988 - 07.11.1988 (Northern Ireland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1v715, value 9missing value definition incorrect2012-7-1missing value definition corrected
2012-7-1V690, value 73value label incorrect2012-7-1value label corrected

Further Remarks

NotesThe 11794 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1024 cases, Federal Republic of Germany 1061 cases, Denmark 1006 cases, France 1005 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Ireland 1006 cases, Italy 1022 cases, Luxembourg 303 cases, Netherlands 1025 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1001 cases, United Kingdom 1276 cases. See also the following special releases and studies: ´The European Elections Study 1989´ (ZA2320), and ´European Survey About Teachers and Cancer Prevention´,conducted in January and February of 1989 and examining teachers´ opinions on health and cancer education in schools of 12 member countries of the European Community (ICPSR 9407).
Number of Units: 11794
Number of Variables: 735
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 30: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1988.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Racism and Xenophobia (Racisme, Fremmedhad og Intolerance). Brussels, November 1989.
  • Herrmann Schmitt, Renato Mannheimer: The European Elections of June 1989. Special issue of The European Journal of Political Research (19:1), 1991.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.