GESIS - DBK - ZA1751

ZA1751: Eurobarometer 31A (Jun-Jul 1989)

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List of Files


  • ZA1751_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA1751_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 9 MBytes
  • ZA1751_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 19 MBytes
  • ZA1751_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 9 MBytes


  • ZA1751_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1751_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 890 KBytes
  • ZA1751_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 900 KBytes
  • ZA1751_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1751_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 879 KBytes
  • ZA1751_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 867 KBytes
  • ZA1751_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1009 KBytes
  • ZA1751_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 692 KBytes
  • ZA1751_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1751_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1751_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1751_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1751_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 801 KBytes
  • ZA1751_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1751_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 999 KBytes


  • ZA1751_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 5 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 31A (Jun-Jul 1989) European Elections 1989: Post-Election Survey
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 31A (Jun-Jul 1989). Faits et Opinions, Paris. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1751 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA1751
TitleEurobarometer 31A (Jun-Jul 1989)
Other Titles
  • European Elections 1989: Post-Election Survey (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR09360.v1 , 1993-04
Date of Collection19.06.1989 - 19.07.1989
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractThe main focus of this Eurobarometer is: 1. Satisfaction 2. Attitude to the EC 3. Standard of living and poverty 4. Energy questions and environmental protection Topics: 1. Satisfaction: general contentment with life; satisfaction in selected areas of daily life (scale); assessment of future personal circumstances; satisfaction with democracy and satisfaction with democracy in the EC; personal opinion leadership; frequency of political discussions; postmaterialism; interest in the future; nationality and eligibility to vote at place of residence. 2. Attitude to the EC: evaluation of the European Parliament; personal election participation at the last European Election and behavior at the polls; reasons for non-participation in the election; most important reasons for voting decision; interest in the European Election campaign; evaluation of selected sources of information on the European Election; manner of search for information during the election campaign; frequency of use of television at the time of the election campaign and evaluation of the television election campaign; judgement on the importance of parliamentary institutions at municipal, regional and European level; particular solidarity or alienation to an EC country; satisfaction with national government; importance of selected political controversies; political interest and interest in EC policies; significance of the EC for the future of one´s own country; attitude to unification of Western Europe and EC membership of one´s country; advantages or disadvantages for the country from EC membership; regret of a failure of the EC; importance of selected problems in the area of environmental protection and social policy as well as preference for national or European decision-making in these political controversies; knowledge about the European domestic market and expectation tied to it; attitude to the social charter of the EC; judgement on the EC Commission; judgement on the success of the summit meeting of the heads of the European Governments in Madrid; perceived alternatives to EC membership. 3. Standard of living and poverty: sources of income and other payment in kind or privileges; significance of these privileges for the current standard of living; classification of personal standard of living as well as standard of living of both parents; expected social mobility for one´s own children; just treatment of respondent by society; demands of an up-to-date standard of living and demands currently not yet fulfilled (scales); necessity of restrictions due to insufficient income; perceived poverty and its change in one´s residential area, individual or social reasons for the poverty; assessment of the mobility chances of poor components of the population; knowledge of a legally guaranteed minimum income and of the prerequisites to qualify; adequate care for those in need by authorities; judgement on EC measures to combat need as well as personal willingness to help and willingness to make sacrifices. 4. Energy questions and environmental protection: choosing the form of energy most stable in price, most reliable and most environmentally friendly; attitude to nuclear energy; knowledge of selected environmental problems and assessment of the seriousness of these problems; assumed reasons for the greenhouse effect, acid rain and the destruction of the ozone layer; effects of the European domestic market on the provision of energy and energy consumption; judgement on the importance of expected effects; attitude to environmental protection organizations, ecology movements, anti-nuclear power movements and peace movements; membership in such a citizen initiative; Demography: self-assessment and assessment of the most important political parties on a left-right continuum; party preference and party allegiance; marital status; age at end of education; behavior at the polls in the last election; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; monthly household income; occupational position; employment in the civil service or private enterprise (company sector); company size; superior function; party affiliation; union membership of respondent or another person in household; position in household; occupation of head of household; self-classification of social class; residential status; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; city size. Also encoded were: date of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate. Indices: postmaterialism; cognitive and political mobility; EC support.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Social conditions and indicators
  • Social behaviour and attitudes
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Energy and natural resources
  • Environment and conservation
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.6 Social conditions and indicators
  • 5.8 Social behaviour and attitudes
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 13 Social stratification and groupings
  • 16.2 Natural resources and energy
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • 17 Economics


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Germany (DE)
UniverseSample of persons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Various sampling procedures (quota sample and multi-stage random sample) according to country.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorDIMARSO, Bruessel; EMNID, Bielefeld; Gallup Markedsanalyse, Hellerup; Institut de Sondages Lavialle, Issy-Les-Moulineaux; ICAP Hellas, Athen; Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin; DOXA, Mailand; ILRES, Luxemburg; Instituto de Investigacion Gallup, Madrid; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; Social Surveys (Gallup Poll), London
Date of Collection
  • 21.06.1989 - 3.07.1989 (Belgium)
  • 19.06.1989 - 19.07.1989 (Denmark)
  • 19.06.1989 - 3.07.1989 (Greece)
  • 19.06.1989 - 3.07.1989 (Spain)
  • 19.06.1989 - 4.07.1989 (France)
  • 19.06.1989 - 3.07.1989 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 19.06.1989 - 1.07.1989 (Italy)
  • 20.06.1989 - 10.07.1989 (Luxembourg)
  • 19.06.1989 - 3.07.1989 (Netherlands)
  • 19.06.1989 - 3.07.1989 (Portugal)
  • 19.06.1989 - 7.07.1989 (Great Britain)
  • 19.06.1989 - 28.06.1989 (Northern Ireland)
  • 19.06.1989 - 04.07.1989 (Germany (FRG))

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1V685, values 38 + 42value labels missing2012-7-1value labels added
2012-7-1V686missing value definition incorrect2012-7-1missing value definition partly corrected

Further Remarks

NotesThe 11819 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1028 cases, Federal Republic of Germany 1202 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, France 1040 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Ireland 1016 cases, Italy 1011 cases, Luxembourg 301 cases, Netherlands 970 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1003 cases, United Kingdom 1248 cases. Previous Eurobarometers (2-31) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995 as well as 1036-1039 and 1206-1209 and 1318-1321 and 1541-1544 as well as 1712-1715; others are archived under ZA Study Nos. 1750 ff.
Number of Units: 11819
Number of Variables: 709
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Commission of the European Communities: Eurobarometer 32. Brussels, December 1989. (Also available in German)
  • Commission of the European Communities: The Perception of Poverty in Europe - Poverty 3. Brussels, March 1990.
  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften: Die Europäische Meinung und die Energiefragen im Jahre 1989 (Public Opinion in the European Community on Energy in 1989). Brüssel, November 1989.
  • Herrmann Schmitt, Renato Mannheimer: The European Elections of June 1989. Special issue of The European Journal of Political Research (19:1), 1991.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.