GESIS - DBK - ZA1919

ZA1919: Election Study 1990 (Panel)

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  • ZA1919_en_v2-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1919_en_v2-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1919_en_v2-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1919_v2-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 1 MByte
  • ZA1919_v2-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1919_v2-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 2 MBytes


  • ZA1919_fb.pdf (Questionnaire) 6 MBytes


  • ZA1919_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 4 MBytes
  • ZA1919_cdb_en.pdf (Codebook) 4 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Wahlstudie 1990 (Panelstudie);
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Election Study 1990 (Panel)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim; Kaase, Max; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter; Küchler, Manfred; Pappi, Franz U.; Semetko, Holli A. (2013): Election Study 1990 (Panel). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1919 Data file Version 2.0.0,
Study No.ZA1919
TitleElection Study 1990 (Panel)
Current Version2.0.0, 2013-3-14,
Date of Collection11.1989 - 12.1990
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
  • Kaase, Max - Universität Mannheim
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin
  • Küchler, Manfred - Hunter College, New York
  • Pappi, Franz U. - Universitäten Kiel und Mannheim
  • Semetko, Holli A. - University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Contributor, Institution, Role
  • Kratz, Sophia - GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften - DataCurator


AbstractJudgement on parties, politicians and political issues in a four-wave panel study. Political attitudes and judgement on the election campaign before and after the Federal Parliament Election 1990. Topics: most important political problems in the Federal Republic; interest in politics; party preference (Sunday question and ballot system, rank order procedure); voting behavior in the last Federal Parliament Election; sympathy scale for parties and leading politicians; satisfaction with democracy; attitude to an absolute majority of the SPD or CDU and to a grand coalition; coalition preference; judgement on the current economic situation and on future development in the Federal Republic and in Eastern Germany; personal economic situation and future development; issue-relevance and issue-competence of the parties or coalitions; attitude to the 35-hour-week, to the support of emigrants and to the right to vote for foreigners; self-classification and classification of the parties as well as of the chancellor candidates on a left-right continuum; postmaterialism; attitude to the unification of the two German States and preference for a quick unification; expectation of short-term or long-term advantages or disadvantages for the West German population due to reunification; support for Kohl or Lafontaine in the question of reunification; preference for federal chancellor; comparison of the two chancellor candidates by means of a list of characteristics; characteristics of an ideal chancellor candidate; satisfaction with the government coalition as well as the individual parties; point in time of voting decision; preference for a government by a single party or a coalition; satisfaction with the Federal Parliament Election result; improvement of the election result with alternative chancellor candidates; knowledge of election predictions and their influence on one´s voting decision; interest in opinion polls; judgement on the Federal Parliament Election campaign; neutrality of television in the election campaign; parties given favored treatment on television; personal participation in election meetings; attitude to trade unions as well as to the catholic and protestant church; expected winner of the Federal Parliament Election; attitude to the entry of the Republicans or the PDS into the Federal Parliament; concern about one´s job; political discussions within the family and interest in news on television as well as in local and national daily newspapers; interest in the political part of the daily newspaper and in election campaign topics; interest in the election campaign; reading habits; most important news sources; reading SPIEGEL and ZEIT. Demography: age; sex; marital status; religious denomination; religiousness; frequency of church attendance; school education; vocational training; examination or diploma; profession; employment; industrial sector; composition of household; respondent is head of household; characteristics of head of household; union membership; memberships; party inclination.
Categories Categories
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Media
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Elections
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 9.2 Mass media
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 11.7 Elections


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
UniverseEligible voters
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Multistage
  • Probability: Stratified
Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample)
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Telephone interview
Oral interview with standardized questionnaire in the first three waves and telephone interview in the fourth wave.
Time Method Time Method
  • Longitudinal: Panel
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorMARPLAN, Offenbach; Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
Date of Collection
  • 11.1989 - 12.1989 (1st wave)
  • 05.1990 - 06.1990 (2nd wave)
  • 10.1990 - 11.1990 (3rd wave)
  • 12.1990 (4th wave)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2013-3-14 variables v611 - v614 deleted, value labels completed, English version added
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe data set contains a four-wave panel study including ZA Study Nos. 1915 to 1918. In the first wave 2056 persons were interviewed; in the second wave, 1678 persons (202 telephone interviews); in the third wave, 1451 (101 telephone interviews); and in the fourth wave (after the Federal Parliament Election), 907 respondents were interviewed by telephone. The persons targeted in the first wave were selected by random, however, only those persons were interviewed, who agreed to participate in the following surveys. Thus, even the first wave cannot be called representative. Representative surveys at the same period of time are archived under ZA Study Nos. 1920 (Politbarometer West for the year 1990); 1987 Politbarometer East for the second half of 1990), 1964 and 1965 (quick surveys before the Federal Parliament Election 1990 in West and East).
Number of Units: 2070
Number of Variables: 611
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  • German Federal Election Studies
    The data base consists of one-off surveys, panel surveys, and cumulated surveys. It comprises representative polls for all German federal elections since 1949.
    Further studies are listed under GLES (German Longitudinal Election Study).