GESIS - DBK - ZA1960

ZA1960: Eurobarometer 34.0 (Oct-Nov 1990)

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  • ZA1960_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 4 KBytes
  • ZA1960_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 8 MBytes
  • ZA1960_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 16 MBytes
  • ZA1960_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 10 MBytes


  • ZA1960_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 393 KBytes
  • ZA1960_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 396 KBytes
  • ZA1960_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1960_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1960_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1960_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1960_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1960_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1960_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1960_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1960_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1960_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1960_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1960_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1960_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 947 KBytes
  • ZA1960_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1960_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1960_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA1960_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 34.0 (Oct-Nov 1990) Perceptions of the European Community, and Employment Patterns, and Child Rearing
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 34.0 (Oct-Nov 1990). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1960 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA1960
TitleEurobarometer 34.0 (Oct-Nov 1990)
Other Titles
  • Perceptions of the European Community, and Employment Patterns and Child Rearing (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 34 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06518.v1 , 2001-03
Date of Collection10.10.1990 - 12.1990
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractThe main survey focus of this Eurobarometer is: 1. Political attitudes and satisfaction 2. Attitudes to the EC and to European unification 3. Knowledge of a foreign language 4. Political self-classification, professional life and family situation Topics: 1. Political attitudes and satisfaction: citizenship and eligibility to vote at place of residence; assessment of individual as well as general economic situation and future development; contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy; focus of personal interests in the areas science, culture and in political questions; readiness for action on political and social questions; membership in organizations, clubs, citizen initiatives, parties and other organizations; personal opinion leadership; frequency of political discussions and interest in politics; postmaterialism (scale); attitude to social changes; perceived danger of war with participation of European armies. 2. Attitudes to the EC and to European unification: interest in EC policies; the significance of the EC for one´s own country and personal life; attitude to unification of Western Europe and to membership of the country in the EC; regret of a failure of the EC; judgement on the progress of European unification; assessment of the agreement between the EC countries; interest in information about the EC; knowledge about the European domestic market; hopes and fears in connection with the domestic market; preference for national or European decision-making authority in selected political areas; preference for national or EC-wide decisions on the rights of foreigners from non-EC countries; preference for expansion or limitation of the rights of foreigners; attitude to a European social charter; knowledge and judgement on the EC Commission; judgement on the program of the EC in the cultural area; attitude to EC policies regarding Central and Eastern Europe; attitude to unification of the two German nations; attitude to European financial aid for the USSR; judgement on EC crisis policies before the background of the Gulf Crisis; knowledge and general impression of the EC Parliament; significance of the EC Parliament for personal daily life and for the European Community altogether; attitude to an expansion of the powers of the European Parliament (scale); attitude to a European Government. 3. Knowledge of a foreign language: most important problems of young people; educational goals; frequency of visits in clubs and community facilities in the neighborhood; native language and foreign languages learned; ability to express oneself in a foreign language; languages used at home; source of knowledge of a foreign language; significance of learning a foreign language; judgement on the foreign language offerings in schools. 4. political self-classification, professional life and family situation: self-assessment on a left-right continuum; party allegiance; party preference (Sunday question); behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; party affiliation; temporary job; having and preference for full-time or part-time employment; marriage age and number of children; year of birth of first three children; age at start of working life; influences of family events on occupational life; longer employment interruptions; age, duration and type of side jobs with longer employment interruptions; major reasons for giving up a job; changed occupational status after a longer employment interruption; reasons for resumption of work; changes of occupational situation from the first children; employment of household help; division of housework between husband and wife; problems in the search for a babysitter; supervision person during pre-school time; preference for personal child care or care by third party. Demography: union membership; marital status; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; monthly household income; occupational position; employment in the civil service or private enterprise (company sector); company size; supervisor status; position in household; occupation of head of household; self-assessment of social class; residential status; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; person managing household; age at end of education, length of education, occupational position, company size, supervisor status, type and place of employment of head of household; possession of durable economic goods; city size; region. Additionally encoded were: date of interview; length of interview; time of interview; city size; identification of interviewer. Interviewer rating: presence of others during the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate. Indices: opinion leadership; postmaterialism; EC support; professional status; support for the European Parliament; political orientation; support for the EC domestic market. In the former GDR the following additional questions were posed: satisfaction with the development of democracy in the GDR and the Federal Republic up to unification; judgement on joining the EC; vacation trip intended or already conducted to another EC country; interest in life or work in another EC nation; judgement on EC influence in selected political and social areas of the GDR; knowledge of information material or advertising about the European Community. In the old Federal Republic the following additional questions were posed: satisfaction with democracy before and after unification of the two German nations. In Italy the following additional questions were posed: judgement on the Italian EC Presidency. In Denmark the following additional questions were posed: attitude to an EC police in selected areas; attitude to the sales of land to foreigners. In France, Italy, the United Kingdom and all of Germany the following additional questions were posed: judgement on selected political social groups and organizations regarding representation of personal interests of respondent; specification of the personally most important of these groups and personal membership in one of these organizations.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Language and linguistics
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 9.3 Language and linguistics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorSOBEMAP, Bruessel; GFK Danmark/OBSERVA, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; PRAGMA srl, Rom; ICP-Research, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; IRLES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; NOP, London; NORGES MARKEDSDATA, Oslo INRA EUROPE, Brüssel (Fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 15.10.1990 - 2.11.1990 (Belgium)
  • 14.10.1990 - 1.11.1990 (Denmark)
  • 13.10.1990 - 31.10.1990 (Germany)
  • 12.10.1990 - 29.10.1990 (Greece)
  • 15.10.1990 - 26.10.1990 (Italy)
  • 17.10.1990 - 31.10.1990 (Spain)
  • 12.10.1990 - 29.10.1990 (France)
  • 10.10.1990 - 31.10.1990 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 10.10.1990 - 31.10.1990 (Luxembourg)
  • 15.10.1990 - 31.10.1990 (Netherlands)
  • 11.1990 - 12.1990 (Norway (no detailed fieldwork dates))
  • 11.10.1990 - 29.10.1990 (Portugal)
  • 15.10.1990 - 30.10.1990 (Great Britain)
  • 16.10.1990 - 27.10.1990 (Northern Ireland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1V284, value 81value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V285, value 31value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V505, value 9value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V508, value 9value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V509, value 9value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V510, value 999value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V511, value 9value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V512, value 999value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V513, value 9value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V514, value 9value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V9No weighting factor provided for the Norwegian sample2012-7-1Weight Result from Target was coded ‘1’ for Norway in order to retain the (unweighted) Norwegian cases.

Further Remarks

NotesFor the analysis of data related to questions on ´occupational and domestic patterns´ (TR.1 to TR.29) an additional oversample is available in the framework of Eurobarometer 34.1. For the target group of women and specific needs of this questionnaire topic, one should combine the 34.0 data with the corresponding 34.1 sub sample of women aged 22 to 60. The 12872 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 996 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1002 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1021 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, France 1022 cases, Greece 1008 cases, Ireland 1022 cases, Italy 1073 cases, Luxembourg 301 cases, Netherlands 1067 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1000 cases, Great Britain 1047 cases, Northern Ireland 313 cases, Norway 1011 cases. The parallel survey in Norway is not part of the official Eurobarometer. Previous Eurobarometers (2-33) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715 as well as 1750-1753. A cumulated data set of the Eurobarometers (1970-2002) is archived under ZA Study No. 3521.
Number of Units: 13883
Number of Variables: 544
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 34: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1990.
  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaft: Die Europäische Gemeinschaft und das vereinte Deutschland - Einstellungen und Meinungen der Ost- und Westdeutschen im Vergleich - Sonderbericht über die Ergebnisse aus der Eurobarometer Umfrage Nr. 34 vom Oktober 1990, Brüssel, Februar 1991 (also available in english).
  • Commission of the European Communities: Family and Employment within the Twelve - Special edition of the Eurobarometer (Famille et emploi dans l´Europe des douze). Brussels, December 1991.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.