GESIS - DBK - ZA2031

ZA2031: Eurobarometer 35.0 (Mar 1991)

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  • ZA2031_missing_v1-1-0.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA2031_v1-1-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 5 MBytes
  • ZA2031_v1-1-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 9 MBytes
  • ZA2031_v1-1-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 5 MBytes


  • ZA2031_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 371 KBytes
  • ZA2031_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 376 KBytes
  • ZA2031_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2031_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2031_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2031_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2031_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2031_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2031_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2031_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2031_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2031_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2031_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2031_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2031_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 938 KBytes
  • ZA2031_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2031_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA2031_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 2 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 35.0 (Mar 1991) Foreign Relations, the Common Agricultural Policy, and Environmental Concerns
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 35.0 (Mar 1991). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2031 Data file Version 1.1.0,
Study No.ZA2031
TitleEurobarometer 35.0 (Mar 1991)
Other Titles
  • Foreign Relations, the Common Agricultural Policy, and Environmental Concerns (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 35 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.1.0, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR09697.v2, 1998-11
Date of Collection4.03.1991 - 29.03.1991
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


Abstract1. European integration; 2. Energy questions, environmental protection and radioactivity. Topics: 1. European integration: general life satisfaction; satisfaction with democracy; opinion leadership; frequency of political discussions; postmaterialism; trust in the Americans and Russians; ability of the Soviet Union and the United States to solve problems in world politics; necessity of NATO; attitude to stationing US American troops in one´s country; attitude to use of military in the Gulf War; attitude to a European citizenship and feeling as European; significance of the EC for one´s own country and influence on personal life; attitude to unification of Western Europe and membership of the country in the EC; advantageousness of the membership of one´s own country in the EC; regret of a failure of the European Community; attitude to a speeded up integration, a common foreign policy and preference for a ´rapid intervention force´ to cope with crises in world politics; expected development of European integration until the year 2000; hopes or fears for the EC as well as for Germany from united Germany; attitude to EC financial aid for the Soviet Union; attitude to admission of refugees from the southern Mediterranean area, from Eastern European countries and to admission of persons seeking asylum; judgement on the proportion of foreigners from non-EC countries in one´s country and a restriction of rights of these persons; general impression of the EC Commission and the European Parliament; judgement on the success of the common EC agricultural policy and a planned agrcultural reform; preference for national or European decision-making authority in selected political areas; attitude to a European Government; significance of the European Parliament and preference for an increase in authorities; areas in which an expansion of the powers of the European Parliament is supported; attitude to a European Central bank, a common currency, a common foreign policy and defense policy; attitude to the European domestic market 1992; attitude to harmonizing the rights and duties of employers and employees in the member countries through the domestic market. 2. Energy questions, environmental protection and radioactivity: expected effect in the energy sector, on technical norms and environmental protection as well as classification of personal importance of these changes; importance of the fight against unemployment and poverty as well as the securing of the energy supply, environmental protection and supportof under-developed regions in the country; classification of the significance of the greenhouse effect, acid rain and destruction of the ozone layer; knowledge about the most important causes; assessment of price stability, the security of supply and environmental pollution of the individual energy sources; attitude to atomic energy; frequency of obtaining news from television, daily newspaper and radio; most important sources of information about risks of radioactivity; satisfaction with extent to which informed about radioactivity and most important reasons for satisfaction or dissatisfaction with such information; trust in scientists, teachers, authorities and environment groups regarding information about radioactivity; most important characteristics of trustworthy sources of information about radioactivity; assessment of the dangers from nuclear power plants and storage of radioactive wastes (scale); situations in which one is exposed to increased radioactive radiation. Demography: self-classification on a left-right continuum; party allegiance and party preference (Sunday question); behavior at the polls in the last election; party affiliation and union membership; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; monthly household income; occupational position; employment in the civil service or private enterprise (company sector); company size; supervisor status; position in household; occupation of head of household; self-assessment of social class; residential status; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; city size; region. Also encoded was: date of interview; start of interview; length of interview; presence of third persons during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate. Indices: opinion leadership (cognitive mobility); postmaterialism; attitude to Europe; status in profession; party preference at state level and on European level; EC support; support for the EC domestic market; media usage. The following questions were posed in Luxembourg: knowledge about the EC presidency of one´s own country and significance of this presidency for the country.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Migration
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Energy and natural resources
  • Environment and conservation
  • Agriculture and rural industry
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 16.2 Natural resources and energy
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • 17.1 Rural economics
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorSOBEMAP, Bruessel; GFK Danmark/OBSERVA, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; PRAGMA srl, Rom; ICP-Research, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; IRLES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; NOP, London INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork-coordination)
Date of Collection
  • 4.03.1991 - 28.03.1991 (Belgium)
  • 10.03.1991 - 29.03.1991 (Denmark)
  • 08.03.1991 - 23.03.1991 (Germany)
  • 08.03.1991 - 22.03.1991 (Greece)
  • 07.03.1991 - 19.03.1991 (Italy)
  • 07.03.1991 - 26.03.1991 (Spain)
  • 11.03.1991 - 25.03.1991 (France)
  • 10.03.1991 - 29.03.1991 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 04.03.1991 - 29.03.1991 (Luxembourg)
  • 04.03.1991 - 23.03.1991 (Netherlands)
  • 08.03.1991 - 23.03.1991 (Portugal)
  • 06.03.1991 - 25.03.1991 (Great Britain)
  • 11.03.1991 - 27.03.1991 (Northern Ireland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1V287, value 0value label missing2020-12-1value label added
2012-7-1V179, values 22-30value labels missing2012-7-1value labels added
2012-7-1V237VOTING BEHAVIOUR IN LAST NATIONAL ELECTIONS not coded correctly for EAST GERMANY due to unclear original INRA codebook and SPSS documentation.2012-7-1RECODE where required in accordance with the field questionnaire for EAST GERMANY: (51=60) (60=20) (52=30) (62=10) (50=61) (81=50) (61=81)

Further Remarks

NotesFurther questions from this study on the topic employment are contained in study 2033. The 13121 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1061 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1073 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1971 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, France 1000 cases, Greece 1001 cases, Ireland 1015 cases, Italy 1007 cases, Luxembourg 504 cases, Netherlands 1035 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1001 cases, United Kingdom 1056 cases, Northern Ireland 297 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-34) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753 as well as 1960-1962. A cumulated data set of the Eurobarometers (1970-2002) is archived under ZA Study No. 3521.
Number of Units: 13121
Number of Variables: 292
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 35: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1991.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Public Opinion in the European Community on Energy in 1991 - European Opinion and the Energy Questions in 1991. Brussels, November 1991 (also available in French).
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.