GESIS - DBK - ZA2081

ZA2081: Eurobarometer 36 (Oct-Nov 1991)

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  • ZA2081_missing_v1-1-0.sps (Dataset) 4 KBytes
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  • ZA2081_v1-1-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 14 MBytes
  • ZA2081_v1-1-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 8 MBytes


  • ZA2081_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 228 KBytes
  • ZA2081_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 232 KBytes
  • ZA2081_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2081_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2081_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2081_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2081_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2081_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2081_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2081_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2081_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
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  • ZA2081_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 924 KBytes
  • ZA2081_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 797 KBytes
  • ZA2081_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2081_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
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Eurobarometer 36 (Oct-Nov 1991) Regional Identity, and Perceptions of the Third World
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 36 (Oct-Nov 1991). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2081 Data file Version 1.1.0,
Study No.ZA2081
TitleEurobarometer 36 (Oct-Nov 1991)
Other Titles
  • Regional Identity and Perceptions of the Third World (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 36 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.1.0, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR09771.v1, 1998-05
Date of Collection15.10.1991 - 21.11.1991
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


Abstract1. Attitude to unification of Europe; 2. Attitude to questions of data protection; 3. Use of tobacco; 4. European integration and regional identity; 5. Attitude to foreign aid. Topics: 1. Attitude to unification of Europe: citizenship and eligibility to vote at place of residence; contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy; opinion leadership and frequency of political discussions; postmaterialism; most important sources of information about the EC; significance of EC membership for the country and the people; influence of the EC on daily life; regret of a failure of the EC; approval of financial aid for the Soviet Union by the EC and preferred point in time; positive or negative impression of the EC Commission; attitude to reform of EC agricultural policy; preference for national or European decision-making authority in selected political areas; attitude to a European Government and European Parliament; expectations of the domestic market 1992; general attitude to the domestic market and a European social policy; frequency of obtaining news from television, radio and newspapers; self-perception as European or member of a country; assessment of the economic development of the country in the last year and expected further development; evaluation of one´s own economic situation in the last year and for the future; usefulness of EC activities on solving the crisis in Yugoslavia; evaluation of the work of the European Parliament; significance of the European Parliament in selected political areas; attitude to an increasing significance of the European Parliament; agreement with an expanded transfer of authority to the EC in an economic and currency union as well as in a political unification; attitude to a European Central Bank. 2. Attitude to questions of data protection: evaluation of data protection; attitude to storage of selected personal data without agreement of the persons affected; trust in organizations regarding data storage; attitude to providing data to others. 3. Use of tobacco: knowledge about the ´European Code´ against cancer; smoking habits; use of cigarettes; interest in reduction in use of cigarettes; attitude to prohibition of advertising for tobacco products. 4. European integration and regional identity: regional identity; local ties or solidarity with the region, the country, the EC and the whole of Europe; presence of development programs for disadvantaged parts of the country and approval of such programs; attitude to EC programs to develop disadvantaged member countries and preferred goals; knowledge about the regional development fund (ERBF) of the EC to support less favorable regions; most important sources of information about such subsidies; agreement with a regional right to a say in the EC; knowledge about the Basque region and its geographic classification; comparison of the development status of the Basque region with the European average; description of the most important characteristic of the Basques; issue relevance and preference for EC-wide or national solutions. 5. Attitude to foreign aid: expected world-wide living conditions in the next 10 years; judgement on food supply and development possibilities of selected third world countries; sources of information and their positive or negative orientation regarding information about developing countries; content of this information and further information need; attitude to a more direct information from the developing countries; expected economic, political and future changes in the third world; attitude to foreign aid; most important goals of a sensible foreign aid; evaluation of current policies on developing countries of industrial countries and development to be expected from them; personal experiences and contacts with persons in the third world; perceived linking of the development of the situation in third world countries with the situation in one´s country; perceived interest contrasts between industrial countries and developing countries; attitude to canceling debt; countries or institutions and organizations with the most effective foreign aid; personal contribution to foreign aid; expected future relation between the EC and third world countries; prerequisites for granting foreign aid and desired setting of priorities by the EC; knowledge about the strike in the European Commission. Demography: self-classification on a left-right continuum; party allegiance; party preference (Sunday question); behavior at the polls in the last election; party affiliation and union membership; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; monthly household income; occupational position; employment in the civil service or private enterprise (company sector); company size; supervisor status; position in household; occupation of head of household; self-assessment of social class; residential status; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; city size; region. Also encoded was: date of interview; length of interview; presence of others during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate. The following questions were posed only in the Federal Republic, East and West: knowledge of selected areas of EC policies and the president of the EC Commission. The following questions were posed only in the new states: positive or negative role of the EC in achievement of equivalent standard of living in East and West Germany; judgement on personal level of information about the EC; advantages or disadvantages for East Germany from EC membership of the Federal Republic. The following questions were posed only in Ireland: agreement with Irish participation in a common European defense policy. The following questions were posed only in Italy: most important reasons for the Italian population for approval of European integration; expected changes through the domestic market in politics and economy; obstacles for full participation of Italy in the planned economic and currency union; evaluation of the Italian position in the economic and currency union; comparison of the standard of living in Italy with the standard of living in other EC countries; evaluation of the Italian standard of living in relationship to Italian economic strength. Indices: opinion leadership (cognitive mobility); postmaterialism; attitude to Europe; status in profession; party preference at state level and on European level; EC support; support for the EC domestic market; media usage.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Cultural and national identity
  • Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Economic policy, public expenditure and revenue
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 6 Law, crime and legal systems
  • 7.1 Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.5 Economic policy
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark/OBSERVA, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; PRAGMA srl, Rom; ICP-Research, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; IRLES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; M.A.I. International Market Research, London; NORGES MARKEDSDATA, Oslo INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 15.10.1991 - 6.11.1991 (Belgium)
  • 18.10.1991 - 8.11.1991 (Denmark)
  • 19.10.1991 - 2.11.1991 (Germany)
  • 17.10.1991 - 1.11.1991 (Greece)
  • 20.10.1991 - 8.11.1991 (Italy)
  • 18.10.1991 - 6.11.1991 (Spain)
  • 17.10.1991 - 2.11.1991 (France)
  • 18.10.1991 - 8.11.1991 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 19.10.1991 - 21.11.1991 (Luxembourg)
  • 19.10.1991 - 8.11.1991 (Netherlands)
  • 18.10.1991 - 1.11.1991 (Portugal)
  • 18.10.1991 - 1.11.1991 (Great Britain)
  • 16.10.1991 - 3.11.1991 (Northern Ireland)
  • 18.10.1991 - 12.11.1991 (Norway)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2011-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable
2011-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable
Version changes
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1v426value labels incorrect2012-7-1value labels corrected
2012-7-1wght_allweighting factor for all samples not available2012-7-1weighting factor produced

Further Remarks

NotesThe sample size in the individual countries was: Belgium 1006 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1000 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1090 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, France 1007 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Ireland 1005 cases, Italy 1076 cases, Luxembourg 435 cases, Netherlands 1009 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1000 cases, United Kingdom 1076 cases, Northern Ireland 305 cases, Norway 1002 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-35) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753, 1960-1962 as well as 2031-2033. A cumulated data set of Eurobarometers (1970-2002) is archived under ZA Study No. 3521. A few questions have been asked simultaneously in Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 2 (ZA2251).
Number of Units: 14006
Number of Variables: 481
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 36: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1991.
  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften: Kein Europa ohne Regionen (No Europe without its Regions). Brüssel, 1992 (also available in French).
  • Commission des Communautés Européennes: La façon dont les Européens perçoivent le tiers-Monde en 1991. Bruxelles, Mars 1992
  • Commission of the European Communities: The European Community and United Germany in Autumn 1991. Brussels, December 1991 (also available in French).
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.