GESIS - DBK - ZA2295

ZA2295: Eurobarometer 38.1 (Nov 1992)

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  • ZA2295_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA2295_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 6 MBytes
  • ZA2295_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 11 MBytes
  • ZA2295_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 7 MBytes


  • ZA2295_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 201 KBytes
  • ZA2295_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 205 KBytes
  • ZA2295_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2295_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA2295_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 2 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 38.1 (Nov 1992) Consumer Protection and Perceptions of Science and Technology
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 38.1 (Nov 1992). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2295 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA2295
TitleEurobarometer 38.1 (Nov 1992)
Other Titles
  • Consumer Protection and Perceptions of Science Technology (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06045.v1, 1995-09
Date of Collection2.11.1992 - 30.11.1992
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractThe main topics of this Eurobarometer are: 1. Economic situation and satisfaction; 2. Europe; 3. Television; 4. Consumer protection; 5. Science and technology. Topics: 1. Eligibility to vote at place of residence; contentment with life; judgement on future economic development; judgement on the general economic situation in comparison with the previous year; judgement on change of personal financial and general economic situation in the last year; personal opinion leadership and frequency of political discussions; satisfaction with democracy. 2. Attitude to unification of Western Europe; attitude to membership of the country in the EC; advantages or disadvantages for the country from EC membership; regret of a possible failure of the EC; agreement or rejection of the Maastricht Treaty as well as selected components of the treaty; familiarity of the ´European Economic Area´ of the EC and Efta as well as the European summit in Birmingham; significance of the European summit for personal life, the area of business, the region and the EC. 3. Frequency of obtaining news from television, radio and newspapers; cable television, satellite reception or television reception via antenna; frequency of use of satellite television in one´s own and a foreign language; interest in a European news station and preference for certain news and reports; interest in high resolution (HDTV) television and preferred broadcasts of this quality. 4. Consumer protection; knowledge of European initiatives regarding labeling of cosmetics, product safety, toys, package tours, consumer credit, misleading advertising, sales at the front door; consumer complaints in the last 12 months in selected consumer areas; organization consulted for support with a consumer complaint; reasons for foregoing a consumer complaint; result of consumer complaint; sources of information and advisers consulted for a larger purchase or sale in another European country; expectations of consumer protection in a uniform European market; attitude to standardization of consumer protection in all EC member countries; satisfaction with labeling of food products; judgement on product information on packaging for food (scale); interest in harvest date, packaging date, best-before date and perishability after opening packages of fruit and vegetables as well as frozen food and canned food; interest in detailed information about additives or materials contained as well as information on nutritional value of foods; judgement on materials contained, additives, preservatives and colorings regarding their naturalness, danger or promoting health; understanding of best-before date; knowledge and understanding of selected additives such as antioxidant, coloring, emulsifiers, stabilizers etc.; frequency of trips to other EC countries and frequency of services taken advantage of there and injuries suffered and damage to property; compensation received for the damage; assessment of the security standard and compensation in one´s country compared with the other European countries. 5. Interest in selected news topics and extent to which informed about topics, such as e.g. sport, politics, environmental protection, technology, medicine and science; occupational prestige of selected occupations; frequency of reading scientific newspaper articles; frequency of visits in technical museums, zoos, aquariums, natural history museums, art museums and libraries; natural science knowledge test; assessment of the scientific quality of selected sciences (split: in the first case the contents of the sciences were explained briefly; in the second case only the term was mentioned); knowledge of scientific methods (split); knowledge in probability calculation (test); influence of science and technology on daily life and acceptance of technology as well as attitude to science and research (scale; split: 5-pole vs. 4-pole answer category without middle category); self-classification of understanding of selected environmental topics such as acid rain, global warming; knowledge about the position of the ozone hole and the consequences of selected environmental problems; knowledge about the activities of the EC in scientific and technical areas; comparison of national and European research regarding waste of money, efficiency, significance, promotion of growth, compatibility with national interests, hindrances to competition and international inequalities; comparison of Europe, Japan and the USA in selected areas of research and technology. Demography: self-classification on a left-right continuum; marital status; age at end of education; resumption of school training after an interruption and length of school training; length of further education; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; possession of durable economic goods; occupational position; weekly number of working hours; supervisor status; person managing household; position in household; age of head of household at end of education; occupation of head of household; supervisor status of head of household; self-assessment of social class; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; monthly household income; city size; region; possession of a telephone. Indices: opinion leadership (cognitive mobility); attitude to Europe; status in profession; EC support; media usage; ESOMAR Social Grade; life cycle. The following questions were posed only in Great Britain and Northern Ireland: knowledge about the British presidency in the council of ministers; importance of the British presidency. Also encoded was: date of interview; time of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Media
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Consumption and consumer behaviour
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 9.2 Mass media
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.3 Consumption/consumer behaviour
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development
  • 18 Science and technology


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMARKETING UNIT, Bruessel; GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; PRAGMA srl, Rom; CIMEI, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; NOP, London INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 9.11.1992 - 20.11.1992 (Belgium)
  • 5.11.1992 - 24.11.1992 (Denmark)
  • 10.11.1992 - 24.11.1992 (Germany)
  • 9.11.1992 - 23.11.1992 (Greece)
  • 6.11.1992 - 22.11.1992 (Spain)
  • 3.11.1992 - 23.11.1992 (France)
  • 10.11.1992 - 30.11.1992 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 10.11.1992 - 23.11.1992 (Italy)
  • 2.11.1992 - 27.11.1992 (Luxembourg)
  • 9.11.1992 - 27.11.1992 (Netherlands)
  • 9.11.1992 - 23.11.1992 (Portugal)
  • 4.11.1992 - 23.11.1992 (Great Britain)
  • 9.11.1992 - 22.11.1992 (Northern Ireland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added

Further Remarks

NotesA split questionnaire was used. The corresponding questions are identified in the description part as split. The 13024 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1043 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1018 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1014 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, France 1008 cases, Greece 1003 cases, Ireland 1000 cases, Italy 1021 cases, Luxembourg 500 cases, Netherlands 1022 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1021 cases, Great Britain 1066 cases, Northern Ireland 308 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-37) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753, 1960-1962, 2031-2033, 2141, 2241-2243 as well as 2294. A cumulated data set of Eurobarometers (1970-2002) with selected trend questions is archived under ZA Study No. 3521.
Number of Units: 13024
Number of Variables: 408
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Commission of the European Communities: Europeans, Science and Technology - Public Understanding and Attitudes. Brussels, June 1993.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.