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ZA2310: International Social Survey Programme: Social Inequality II - ISSP 1992

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List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA2310.dta (Dataset Stata) 13 MBytes
  • ZA2310.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 20 MBytes
  • ZA2310_2006-07-18.sav (Dataset SPSS) 14 MBytes


  • ZA2310_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 215 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 238 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_au.pdf (Questionnaire) 494 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 989 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 929 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 287 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 437 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 452 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 450 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 554 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 671 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_nz.pdf (Questionnaire) 258 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_ph.pdf (Questionnaire) 408 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 455 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 234 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 338 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 241 KBytes
  • ZA2310_q_us.pdf (Questionnaire) 548 KBytes


  • ZA2310_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1490_all_Overview_Duplicated_Records.xlsx (Table) 204 KBytes
  • ZA2310_sd.pdf (Study Description) 1 MByte
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International Social Survey Programme: Social Inequality II - ISSP 1992
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation ISSP Research Group (1994): International Social Survey Programme: Social Inequality II - ISSP 1992. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2310 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA2310
TitleInternational Social Survey Programme: Social Inequality II - ISSP 1992
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1994)
Date of Collection02.1991 - 07.1993
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Kelley, Jonathan - Australia
  • Bean, Clive - Australia
  • Evans, Mariah - Australia
  • Haller, Max - Austria
  • Hoellinger, Franz - Austria
  • Dimova, Lilia - Institute for Trade Union and Social Research, Sofia
  • Stoyanov, Alexander - Center for the Study of Democracy, Sofia
  • Kaloyanov, Todor - Center for the Study of Democracy, Sofia
  • Frizzell, Alan - Carleton University, Ottawa
  • Mateju, Petr - Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Research Team on Social Stratification, Prague
  • Rehakova, Blanka - Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Research Team on Social Stratification, Prague
  • ZUMA, Mannheim
  • Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung, Universität zu Köln
  • Jowell, Roger - Great Britain
  • Brook, Lindsay - Great Britain
  • Kolosi, Tamás - TARKI, Budapest, Hungary
  • Calvi, Gabriele - Italy
  • Gendall, Philip - Massey University, Palmerston North
  • NSD, Bergen, Norway
  • Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Philippines
  • Cichomski, Bogdan - University of Warsaw
  • Khakhulina, Ludmilla - Russia
  • Tos, Niko - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana
  • Stebe, Janez - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana
  • Svallfors, Stefan - University of Umea
  • Davis, James A. - National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago
  • Smith, Tom W. - National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago


AbstractJudgement on social justice and social differences in the country. Social prestige of respondent and selected occupations. Topics: Most important prerequisites for personal success in society (scale); attitude to the welfare state and social differences (scale); chances to increase personal standard of living; importance of differentiated payment; higher payment with acceptance of increased responsibility; higher payment as incentive for additional qualification of workers; avoidability of inequality of society; increased income expectation as motive for taking up studies; good profits for entrepreneurs as best prerequisite for increase in general standard of living; insufficient solidarity of the normal population as reason for the persistence of social inequalities; estimate of average annual income of selected occupational groups and information on a justified income for the members of these occupational groups from the point of view of the respondent; judgement on the income differences in the country; reduction of income differences, employment guarantee, guaranteed minimum income and equal opportunities for children of poorer families in university admission as government task; attitude to a reduction of government tasks for those of low income; approval of government support for unemployed; judgement on total taxation for recipients of high, middle and low income; perceived social conflicts in the country; self-classification on a top-bottom scale; social mobility; social origins; education status, responsibility accepted, span of control, family responsibility, good work performance or hard work as most important criteria for establishing work pay; income increase or income reduction of individual income in case of a hypothetical equalization of the total income of the population; personal self-employment and occupation at start of employment; description of current condition of social pyramid as well as assessment of the situation 30 years ago as well as in 30 years; self-classification on a social prestige scale as well as classification of selected occupations; hours worked each week; employment in private or public sector; span of control; company size; personal union membership and membership of spouse; religiousness; self-classification of social class affiliation; party preference; party inclination; residential status; self-classification on a left-right scale; regional origins.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Social behaviour and attitudes
  • Equality, inequality and social exclusion
  • Social and occupational mobility
  • Income, property and investment/saving
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.8 Social behaviour and attitudes
  • 13 Social stratification and groupings
  • 13.9 Social exclusion
  • 13.10 Social and occupational mobility
  • 17.2 Income, property and investment/saving


Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Germany (DE), West Germany
  • Germany (DE), East Germany
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • United States of America (US)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Czechoslovakia, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (CSHH)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Philippines (PH)
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability
Various sampling procedures; different according to country, mostly as multi-stage random sample with differing age limits
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
Oral or written survey with standardized questionnaire
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorAustralia: NSSS, Research School of Social Sciences, Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University, in conjunction with Datacol; Austria: Institute Fessl, GfK, Vienna; Czechoslovakia: STEM (Center for empirical studies); Germany: Infratest, Munich; Infratest Burke, Berlin; Hungary: TARKI, Budapest; Italy: EURISCO; New Zealand: Department of Marketing; Massey University; Norway: Norwegian Social Science Data Services; Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS); Russia: VCIOM, Moskow; Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana; Sweden: Statistics; USA: National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago; Canada: Carleton University, School of Journalism; Bulgaria: no information available; Great Britain: no information available; Poland: no information available
Date of Collection
  • 02.1991 - 07.1993
  • 03.1993 - 07.1993 (Australia)
  • 02.1993 - 03.1993 (Austria)
  • 08.03.1993 - 31.03.1993 (Bulgaria)
  • 1992 (Canada)
  • 16.10.1992 - 06.11.1992 (Czechoslovakia)
  • 05.1992 - 06.1992 (Germany)
  • 06.1992 - 09.1992 (Great Britain)
  • 10.1992 (Hungary)
  • 1992 (Italy)
  • 08.1992 - 09.1992 (New Zealand)
  • 12.02.1992 - 15.06.1992 (Norway)
  • 15.11.1992 - 15.12.1992 (Philippines)
  • 1992 (Poland)
  • 26.02.1992 - 19.03.1992 (Russia)
  • 02.1992 (Slovenia)
  • 02.1991 - 04.1991 (Sweden)
  • 02.1992 - 04.1992 (USA)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
1996-4-3V2 (Respondent ID Number) - New Zealand, Czechoslovakia, Slovenia, Canada and Great Britain: Identical ID NumbersRespondents in New Zealand (one case), Czechoslovakia (three cases), Slovenia (four cases), Canada (11 cases) and Great Britain (all cases) with identical ID Numbers: We leave it to your decision whether these cases should be excluded from secondary analyses.
2018-2-1Information on identified duplicated records in ISSP datasets:Please, check in document ‘ZA1490_All_Overview_Duplicated Records.xlsx’ in tab ‘Data & Documents’, subtab ’Other Documents’, whether the dataset at hand contains any identified duplicated records. The document also offers recommendations for treatment.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesMost investigations were conducted in the course of 1992. Written surveys were conducted in Australia, Canada, Germany, Great Britain, New Zealand, Norway, Russia and Sweden. In the United States the respondents from the General Social Survey of 1991 were interviewed again in writing, some of them also by telephone. Spain: The dataset was not integrated into the international file. For detailed information see under the ZA-study-Nr. 2496.
Number of Units: 23903
Number of Variables: 177
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): OSIRIS, SPSS


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
    The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual program of cross-national survey collaboration, covering a wide range of topics important for social science research. Since 1985 the ISSP provides international data sets, enabling cross-cultural and cross-temporal research.
  • ISSP - Module Topic: Social Inequality
    ‘Social Inequality’ is one of the eleven ISSP topic modules. Central themes are issues, such as attitudes towards income inequality, views on earnings and incomes, legitimation of inequality, career advancement by means of family background and networks, social cleavages and conflict among groups, and the current and past social position.