GESIS - DBK - ZA2346

ZA2346: Eurobarometer 39.0 (Mar-Apr 1993)

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  • ZA2346_missing_v1-1-0.sps (Dataset) 3 KBytes
  • ZA2346_v1-1-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 13 MBytes
  • ZA2346_v1-1-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 24 MBytes
  • ZA2346_v1-1-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 13 MBytes


  • ZA2346_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 265 KBytes
  • ZA2346_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 247 KBytes
  • ZA2346_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2346_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 386 KBytes
  • ZA2346_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2346_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
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  • ZA2346_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1008 KBytes
  • ZA2346_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2346_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes


  • ZA2346_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 4 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 39.0 (Mar-Apr 1993) European Community Policies, and Family Life
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 39.0 (Mar-Apr 1993). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2346 Data file Version 1.1.0,
Study No.ZA2346
TitleEurobarometer 39.0 (Mar-Apr 1993)
Other Titles
  • European Community Policies and Family Life (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 39 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.1.0, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06195.v4, 1997-03
Date of Collection13.03.1993 - 30.04.1993
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractThe main topics of this Eurobarometer are: 1. Attitude to European unification. Detailed determination of knowledge about political committees, personalities and institutions in the country of respondent as well as at European level. 2. Attitude to marriage, family and children. Topics: Eligibility to vote at place of residence; contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy; personal opinion leadership and frequency of political discussions; postmaterialism; frequency of obtaining news from television, radio and newspapers; knowledge about EC membership of one's own country and knowledge about other EC members; trust in the population of selected countries; satisfaction with democracy in the EC; extent to which informed about the EC and knowledge about EC institutions; interest in European policies; attitude to unification of Western Europe; advantageousness of EC membership of one's own country; long-term expected balance of advantages and disadvantages of EC membership for the country; regret of a possible failure of the EC; importance of European unification for respondent; approval of a European Government responsible to a European Parliament; attitude to the EC Commission and knowledge of this institution; hopes or fears regarding the European domestic market and expected effects on one's own situation in life as well as on one's own country; decision behavior with a referendum about the Maastricht Treaty; self-assessment of level of information about this treaty; attitude to selected possibilities of European cooperation in monetary policy, social policy, foreign policy, combating crime, the right to vote, the economy and defense (scale); significance of the EC institution; attitude to replacement of national currency by the ECU; preferred countries for expansion of the EC; attitude to admission of Southern European job-seekers, Eastern European emigrants and applicants for political asylum into the EC and attitude to unrestricted choice of place of residence by EC citizens within Europe; judgement on the proportion of foreigners in one's country; perceived disturbance from presence of people of other nationality, race or religion; significance of the problem of applicants for asylum for the country; naming of the EC country with the most immigrants or applicants for political asylum as well as designation of the country with a particularly antisemitic and hostile attitude regarding immigrants; most important sources of information about the EC; trustworthiness of individual sources of information about the EC; political knowledge test: stating the total number of EC countries and knowledge of the capital of one's own country; knowledge of the seat of the EC Commission as well as of the president of this commission in Brussels; knowledge about the federal chancellor or prime minister of one's own country; knowledge about the individual members of the European Commission; knowledge about the highest legislative instutitions in one's own country; identification of the most powerful EC institution; knowledge about the national head of state and his powers; knowledge about the composition of the European Council; knowledge about the names of members of the national government; party preference in the election to the EC parliament 1994; knowledge of a national member of the European Parliament; positive or negative impression of the European Parliament; assessment of the significance of the European Parliament; preference for a more significant role of the European Parliament; assessment of adequate control powers of the European Parliament; trust in the controllability of the European Community by the national parliament, European Commission, national government, European Parliament, public, Council of Ministers, European Court of Justice as well as organizations; preference for decisions at national or European level in selected areas of politics and society; knowledge about the eligible voters for the European Parliament; intent to participate in the next national election and in the next election to the European Parliament; most important reasons for non-participation in the next election to the European Parliament; country with the greatest influence in Europe; sympathy for the German Federal Chancellor Kohl; danger to peace in Europe from a united Germany. Preference for a uniform end of summer time in all of Europe; preferred point in time for a change of summer time. Family: importance of selected aspects of a partnership (scale); attitude to marriage (scale) and partnerships similar to marriage; importance of marriage, children and occupation for the man as well as for the woman; attitude to divorce and most important reasons for or against a divorce (scale); attitude to employment of young mothers and the inclusion of the father in child-raising; assessment of the most important effects of a divorce on children; preferred role distribution between parents in raising children; general desire for children; educational goals; determinants for the desired number of children; priority for spouse or children in a family (scale); attitude to early leaving the parental home by grown-up children; increase in difference between the generations; most important measures of government family policy to improve family life; preference for equal rights for married and unmarried couples and perceived government preferential treatment of married or unmarried couples; judgement on government preferential treatment of large families; attitude to marriage of homosexual couples and equal status for such couples regarding adoption and inheritance law; importance of areas of life; expected influence of unemployment and reduced income on family life; self-classification on a left-right continuum; party inclination; union membership; living together with a partner; number of children altogether as well as with current partner; members of household over 65 years; number of children in household and their ages; equiping of household with durable economic goods, in particular in the area of entertainment electronics and computers; possession of second car and possession of a vacation apartment; time worked each week; span of control; employment in the civil service or in the private sector; self-classification of social class; residential status; rural or urban residential area; religiousness; self-assessment of current financial situation of family. Demography: self-classification on a left-right continuum; party allegiance; party preference (Sunday question); behavior at the polls in the last election; union membership; marital status; living together with a partner; age at end of education; resumption of school training after an interruption and length of school training; length of further education; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; possession of durable economic goods; monthly household income; occupational position; weekly number of working hours; employment in the civil service or private enterprise (company sector); company size; supervisor status; person managing household; position in household; age of head of household at end of education; occupation of head of household; supervisor status of head of household; self-assessment of social class; residential status; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; city size; region; possession of a telephone. The following questions were also posed in Denmark: knowledge about the Danish presidency in the Council of Ministers of the EC and assessment of the significance of this presidency. The following questions were only posed in Norway: level of information on the negotiations between EC and EFTA about a common European economic area; attitude to such an economic cooperation; significance of the negotiations for EC membership of Norway; preference for a referendum or a parliament decision about the question of EC-EFTA cooperation as well as Norway's joining the EC; personal decision behavior in these questions in case of a referendum; importance of EC membership for the country; dependence of personal position on joining the EC on the conduct of Sweden and Finland; perceived advantages and disadvantages of Norway's joining the EC in the areas of environment, employment, foreign relations, settlement structure, economy, culture, political influence, health and social security as well as drugs and alcohol; personal participation in the Norwegian referendum on joining the EC in 1972 and voting decision at the time; probability of EC membership of Norway by the year 2000. Belgium: knowledge about the advertising campaign of the Belgian government on the topic of Europe and memory of the advertising medium. Denmark: knowledge about the office of the EC Commission in Copenhagen. Germany: judgement on the contribution of the EC to solving economic problems in Germany. Greece: assumed image of other Europeans regarding Greece. Spain: most important sources of information about the EC and judgement on quality or credibility of the information about the EC; interest in selected EC topics; perceived advantages or disadvantages for selected areas of business in Spain through the EC; language proficiency and interest in learning further languages. France: judgement on the situation of Europe after Maastricht regarding protection of the French Franc, social security as well as competition with America and Japan. Ireland: attitude to devaluation of the Irish pound. Italy: expected effects of joining the European Economic and Currency Union. Luxembourg: desire for more detailed information about selected areas of European politics. Netherlands: continuation of the European unification process even if the Maastricht Treaty is not ratified by some EC members. Portugal: attitude to restrictive immigration policy for persons from non-EC countries. United Kingdom: institutions that should offer more information on the EC. Also encoded were: date of interview; time of interview; length of interview; presence of third persons during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Family life and marriage
  • Gender and gender roles
  • Children
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5 Society and culture
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 13.3 Family life and marriage
  • 13.4 Gender and gender roles
  • 13.7 Children
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Finland (FI)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark/OBSERVA, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; CIMEI, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; PRAGMA, Rom; IRLES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; NOP, London; Ulster Marketing Services, Nordirland; Nielsen Norge, Norwegen; Marketing Development Centre, Finnland INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 20.03.1993 - 15.04.1993 (Belgium)
  • 20.03.1993 - 14.04.1993 (Denmark)
  • 25.03.1993 - 10.04.1993 (Germany)
  • 19.03.1993 - 4.04.1993 (Greece)
  • 25.03.1993 - 15.04.1993 (Italy)
  • 19.03.1993 - 4.04.1993 (Spain)
  • 25.03.1993 - 9.04.1993 (France)
  • 13.03.1993 - 15.04.1993 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 16.03.1993 - 16.04.1993 (Luxembourg)
  • 27.03.1993 - 10.04.1993 (Netherlands)
  • 22.03.1993 - 9.04.1993 (Portugal)
  • 19.03.1993 - 7.04.1993 (Great Britain)
  • 19.03.1993 - 13.04.1993 (Northern Ireland)
  • 25.03.1993 - 20.04.1993 (Norway)
  • 28.03.1993 - 30.04.1993 (Finland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1v725, value 3value label incorrect2012-7-1value label corrected
2012-7-1wght_allweighting factor for all samples not available2012-7-1weighting factor produced

Further Remarks

NotesThe 15136 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1022 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1036 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1064 cases, Greece 1003 cases, Spain 1022 cases, France 1019 cases, Ireland 1008 cases, Italy 1039 cases, Luxembourg 513 cases, Netherlands 1004 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, United Kingdom 1073 cases, Northern Ireland 306 cases, Norway 994 cases, Finland 1033 cases. The Eurobarometer 39.1 is archived under ZA Study No. 2347. A data set is archived under ZA Study No. 2348 (Eurobarometer 39.A) containing the data on the topic of health and safety at work surveyed in this Eurobarometer and in Eurobarometer 39.1. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-38) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753, 1960-1962, 2031-2033, 2141, 2241-2243 as well as 2295. A cumulated data set of Eurobarometers (1970-2002) with selected trend questions is archived under ZA Study No. 3521.
Number of Units: 15136
Number of Variables: 757
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 39: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1993.
  • Commission of the European Communities: The Europeans and the Family - Results of an opinion survey (Les europeens et la famille - resultats d´une enquête d´opinion). Brussels, December 1993.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.