GESIS - DBK - ZA2347

ZA2347: Eurobarometer 39.1 (May-Jun 1993)

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List of Files


  • ZA2347_missing_v1-1-0.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA2347_v1-1-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 8 MBytes
  • ZA2347_v1-1-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 16 MBytes
  • ZA2347_v1-1-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 9 MBytes


  • ZA2347_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 323 KBytes
  • ZA2347_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 205 KBytes
  • ZA2347_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 896 KBytes
  • ZA2347_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 909 KBytes
  • ZA2347_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2347_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA2347_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 39.1 (May-Jun 1993) Energy Policies, Biotechnology, And Genetic Engineering
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 39.1 (May-Jun 1993). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2347 Data file Version 1.1.0,
Study No.ZA2347
TitleEurobarometer 39.1 (May-Jun 1993)
Other Titles
  • Energy Policies, Biotechnology, and Genetic Engineering (Subtitle)
Current Version1.1.0, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi.10.3886/ICPSR06196.v1, 1996-04
Date of Collection10.05.1993 - 11.06.1993
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractMain focus of this Eurobarometer are environmental consciousness, attitudes to biotechnology and gene-technology as well as consumer behavior in the Common Market. Topics: Eligibility to vote at place of residence; personal opinion leadership and frequency of political discussions; postmaterialism; frequency of obtaining news from television, radio and newspapers; actual and desired speed of unification for the EC; importance of environmentally conscious conduct and thrifty or efficient use of energy (scale); importance of energy conservation and clean air in the cities; knowledge as well as assessment of the seriousness of the problems from the greenhouse effect, acid rain and destruction of the ozone layer; classification of causes for these environmental problems; actual personal contribution to energy conservation and perceived opportunities for further energy conservation; judgement on the efficiency of energy conservation of public institutions at local, regional, national, European and world-wide level; preference for direction decisions on energy investment by the market or government; judgement on energy sources regarding their future price stability, security of supply and their environmental risk; attitude to future development of nuclear energy; attitude to an increase in energy taxes; attitude to reduced taxation of environmentally friendly packaging and increased taxes for environmentally unfriendly packaging; sources of information about the risks of radioactivity; satisfaction with information about radioactivity as well as reasons for dissatisfaction; assessment of trustworthiness of information providers such as scientists, universities, government offices or environmental associations regarding radioactivity; most important criteria for trustworthiness; perceived risks of nuclear energy (scale); attitude to prevention of illegal transport of radioactive substances and improvement of security conditions in Eastern European nuclear power plants; judgement on the danger of radioactive radiation in selected situations. Source of information for larger acquisitions; acquisition of products and services from other EC countries; direct order from foreign suppliers in an EC country; satisfaction with purchase of foreign products; problems encountered with purchases from other countries; product-specific assessment of confidence in purchasing foreign products; country image relative to product groups; major reasons for selection of these countries and criteria for their image; most important effects that a European domestic market should have on daily life; major obstacles for purchase or sale of products in another EC country; ability of the national institution or the EC institution to solve the problems of trade between the EC countries; living in the vicinity of an EC border. Effect of new technologies in selected natural science areas; knowledge in microbiology and genetics (test); attitude to use of microbiologic and gene-technology procedures with plants, microorganisms, animals, food, medicines and humans; classification of biotechnology and gene-technology as complicated (scale); most important source of information about new developments; most trustworthy source of information on biotechnology and gene-technology; attitude to gene-technology and the significance of ethical rules (scale); assessment of the possibilities of opponents of gene technology to exert influence on the further development; satisfaction with residential area, residence, rent and commuting time to work; most important reason for moving because of a change in jobs. Self-classification on a left-right continuum; union membership; marital status; size of household as well as number of children in household and their ages; equiping household with durable economic goods, in particular in the area of entertainment electronics and computers; time worked each week; span of control; employment in the civil service or in the private sector; self-classification of social class; residential status; rural or urban residential area; religiousness. The following questions were posed only in Norway: level of information on the negotiations between EC and EFTA on a common European economic area; personal decision behavior regarding this economic area in case of a referendum; importance of EC membership of Norway for the country; preference for or against EC membership of Norway; knowledge about the result of the Danish referendum on the Maastricht Treaty; influence of the referendum on one´s own attitude to EC membership of Norway. Also encoded were: date of interview; time of interview; length of interview; presence of third persons during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; possession of a telephone.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Energy and natural resources
  • Environment and conservation
  • Consumption and consumer behaviour
  • Biotechnology
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 16.2 Natural resources and energy
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • 17.3 Consumption/consumer behaviour
  • 18.1 Biotechnology


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark/OBSERVA, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; CIMEI, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; PRAGMA, Rom; IRLES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; NOP, London; Ulster Marketing Services, Nordirland; Nielsen Norge, Norwegen INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 15.05.1993 - 2.06.1993 (Belgium)
  • 16.05.1993 - 3.06.1993 (Denmark)
  • 16.05.1993 - 30.05.1993 (Germany)
  • 17.05.1993 - 29.05.1993 (Greece)
  • 17.05.1993 - 31.05.1993 (Italy)
  • 14.05.1993 - 31.05.1993 (Spain)
  • 17.05.1993 - 29.05.1993 (France)
  • 15.05.1993 - 4.06.1993 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 10.05.1993 - 5.06.1993 (Luxembourg)
  • 15.05.1993 - 3.06.1993 (Netherlands)
  • 17.05.1993 - 31.05.1993 (Portugal)
  • 15.05.1993 - 31.05.1993 (Great Britain)
  • 14.05.1993 - 4.06.1993 (Northern Ireland)
  • 25.05.1993 - 11.06.1993 (Norway)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2014-12-12Income (V498)Documentation for DENMARK is not correct. Should read INCOME PER YEAR.
Version changes
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1wght_allweighting factor for all samples not available2012-7-1weighting factor produced

Further Remarks

NotesThe 14045 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1034 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1027 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1063 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Spain 1000 cases, France 1004 cases, Ireland 1001 cases, Italy 1024 cases, Luxembourg 500 cases, Netherlands 1005 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, United Kingdom 1066 cases, Northern Ireland 308 cases, Norway 1013 cases. The Eurobarometer 39.0 is archived under ZA Study No. 2346. A data set is archived under ZA Study No. 2348 (Eurobarometer 39.A) containing the data on the topic of health and safety at work collected in this Eurobarometer and in Eurobarometer 39.0. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-38) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753, 1960-1962, 2031-2033, 2141, 2241-2243 as well as 2295. A cumulated data set of the Eurobarometers (1970-2002) is archived under ZA Study No. 3521.
Number of Units: 14045
Number of Variables: 522
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Commission of the European Communities: European Opinion and Energy Matters 1993 (L´opinion europeenne et les questions energetiques en 1993). Brussels, September 1993.
  • Commission of the European Communities: European Community Public Opinion and Energy 1993 - Summary of Eurobarometer No. 39.1, Brussels, 1993.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering: What Europeans think about it in 1993. Brussels, October 1993 (also available in French).
  • Urban, Dieter; Pfenning, Uwe: Was messen Fragen zur Bewertung neuer Technologien (878 KB)? Semantisierungseffekte bei der Messung von bilanzierenden Einstellungen zu Bio- und Gentechnologie. In: ZUMA-Nachrichten 39, Jg. 20, November 1996.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.