GESIS - DBK - ZA2546

ZA2546: Election Study 1994: Politbarometer West 1994 (Trend Investigations)

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Election Study 1994: Politbarometer West 1994 (Trend Investigations)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Berger, Manfred; Jung, Matthias; Roth, Dieter; Gibowski, Wolfgang G.; Kaase, Max; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter; Küchler, Manfred; Pappi, Franz U.; Semetko, Holli A. (1995): Election Study 1994: Politbarometer West 1994 (Trend Investigations). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2546 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA2546
TitleElection Study 1994: Politbarometer West 1994 (Trend Investigations)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1995)
Date of Collection01.1994 - 12.1994
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Berger, Manfred - Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
  • Jung, Matthias - Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
  • Roth, Dieter - Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
  • Gibowski, Wolfgang G. - Bundespresseamt Bonn
  • Kaase, Max - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin
  • Küchler, Manfred - Hunter College New York
  • Pappi, Franz U. - Universität Mannheim
  • Semetko, Holli A. - Syracuse University
Contributor, Institution, Role
  • Langhans, Monika - GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften - DataCurator


AbstractThe following topics were surveyed again identically at every time of survey: most important political problems in the Federal Republic; party preference (Sunday question, rank order procedure); party inclination and party identification; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; sympathy scale for the parties and selected politicians; self-assessment on a left-right continuum; jeopardy to personal job; jeopardy to job of close persons; union membership; religiousness. The following questions were posed in at least one or more survey months: absentee ballot or voting in the polling station; party also eligible or secondary preference; certainty and time of personal voting decision; attitude to a one-party government of CDU/CSU or SPD; satisfaction with the result of the Federal Parliament election; coalition preference; attitude to a statement of willingness to form a coalition by the SPD; attitude to a red-green minority government with toleration by the PDS; preference for one-party government of a party and party preferred for this; assessment of the chances of the SPD with Schroeder as candidate as well as the CDU without Kohl; sympathy scale for the coalition as well as for the opposition; most important politicians in Germany; comparison of the two top politicians Scharping and Kohl regarding credibility, energy, sense of responsibility, social attitude, honesty, winner type, representation of interests regarding other nations, strength of leadership, better government team as well as ability in economic questions; satisfaction with democracy in Germany; necessity of new parties; the right people in leading positions; interest in politics; judgement on the general condition of society and comparison with other Western European countries; attitude to socialism as an idea; perceived joy or concern from unification of the two German nations; general judgement on unification of Germany; judgement on the economic situation in West Germany and one´s own economic situation; assessment of further economic development; expected recovery; superior ability of the government or opposition in solving economic problems in the eastern part as well as in the western part of the country; significance of the governing party for one´s own economic situation; credibility of the election promises of the parties regarding tax reductions; ability of a Federal Government led by the CDU/CSU in comparison with the SPD in questions of protection of jobs, security policies, the fight against crime, environmental protection, the housing market and solving the asylum problem; justified dissatisfaction of East Germans with their living conditions; satisfaction with the job of the Federal Government regarding achievement of equivalent standard of living in East and West; expected time period for achievement of equivalent living conditions in East and West and assessment of the extent of that achieved up to now; preference for wage increase or job security; expected retention of the high wage level in Germany with short working hours and long vacation; attitude to reduced entry wages for long-term unemployed; attitude to increased creation of part-time jobs; more jobs through part-time work; personal preference for full-time or part-time work; interest in permanent part-time work; judgement on this year´s wage negotiations with wage increases around 2% as well as expected wage increases in the following year; attitude to dual citizenship; preferred areas for government economy measures; attitude to the ´large bugging operation´ to combat organized crime; attitude to nursing care insurance and identification of the party that hindered a consensus; attitude to elimination of a holiday to finance nursing care insurance; attitude to the general coming to terms with the STASI past in the GDR; satisfaction with the job of the government; assessment of the SPD or a red-green coalition as the better government; significance of the decisions of the municipal council, state parliament, Federal Parliament as well as of the EC parliament; intent to participate in the election and party preference for the European Election; advantageousness of EC membership for the country; extent to which adequately informed about the EC; interest in Europe policies; attitude to an increased significance of the European Parliament; attitude to prohibition of the Republicans; preferred successor for Federal President Weizsaecker; judgement on the testimony of Prime Minister Stolpe in front of the investigating committee and demand for Stolpe´s resignation; attitude to the recommendation of the SPD for a supplemental tax as an alternative to the solidarity tax; amount of income, as of which one must be considered to have a high income; perceived threat from Russia as well as from Zhirinovsky; attitude to the threat of NATO air attacks to achieve the cease-fire in Bosnia and Herzegovina; attitude to participation of Germany in this peace initiative; attitude to deployment of the Federal German Armed Forces in blue-helmet missions; attitude to military UN-missions given violation of the security zones; Serbs, Moslems or Croats as guilty in the war in Bosnia; attitude to a deployment of Tornados of the Federal German Armed Forces in Bosnia; attitude to missions of the Federal German Armed Forces outside of NATO territory; desire for stronger intervention by the UN in Bosnia; attitude to deportation of Kurds guilty of criminal offence; attitude to more foreign policy responsibility for united Germany as well as the EU; attitude to a time-limit for the solidarity tax; self-classification on a left-right continuum; expected winner of the impending Federal Parliament election; assumed coalition preference of the SPD; credibility of the renewal of the PDS; desirability and chances of the PDS, FDP and Greens for Federal Parliament; judgement on the 5% clause; attitude to the exception for direct mandates in the 5% clause; expected chances of the CDU/CSU for a one-party government; coalition preference for Mecklenburg-West Pomerania; attitude to cooperation of the parties with the PDS; expected stability of the CDU/CSU-FDP coalition due to the narrow majority of 10 seats; perception of the FDP as appendage of the CDU/CSU; attitude to a coalition of the Greens with the CDU; attitude to collecting offices by ministers who also are party chairman; attitude to quota arrangement in politics and subsidy for coal; attitude to an energy tax; most important tasks of the government; preference for fees to finance the ARD {First German Television Network} and the ZDF {Second German Television Network} or for financing through advertising income; preference for freeway toll or gasoline tax; fear of abuse of electronic freeway measuring equipment; attitude to elimination of the church tax; attitude to controlled administering of drugs under medical supervision; attitude to elimination of the child allowance as of a specific income; attitude to longer business hours one evening a week; preference for more market economy or more social security; origin from the GDR and time of moving; retrospect on the last year and view on the future; religiousness; union membership; party inclination and party identification. Also encoded in every survey wave were: day of survey and administrative district.
Categories Categories
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Social behaviour and attitudes
  • Crime and law enforcement
  • International politics and organisations
  • Conflict, security and peace
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Elections
  • Economic conditions and indicators
  • Economic policy, public expenditure and revenue
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.8 Social behaviour and attitudes
  • 6.4 Rehabilitation/reintegration into society
  • 7.5 Health policy
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.3 Conflict, security and peace
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 11.7 Elections
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Berlin (DE-BE), with West Berlin
  • Baden-Württemberg (DE-BW)
  • Bavaria (DE-BY)
  • Bremen (DE-HB)
  • Hesse (DE-HE)
  • Hamburg (DE-HH)
  • Lower Saxony (DE-NI)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia (DE-NW)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate (DE-RP)
  • Saarland (DE-SL)
  • Schleswig-Holstein (DE-SH)
UniverseEligible voters living in private households with telephone
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Systematic random
Sample according to the RLD procedure (randomize last digit)
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Telephone interview
Telephone survey with standardized questionnaire
Time Method Time Method
  • Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
  • Text
Data CollectorForschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
Date of Collection
  • 01.1994 - 12.1994

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe monthly surveys have the extent of about 1000 respondents. In July no survey was conducted. Instead, in October there were two so-called quick surveys shortly before as well as after the Federal Parliament election.
Number of Units: 12247
Number of Variables: 310
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): OSIRIS, SPSS


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  Politbarometer
    The ´Politbarometer´ surveys are performed since 1977 at about monthly intervals by the Forschungsgruppe Wahlen (Institute for election research) for the ZDF (Second German TV network). Since 1990 it is also available for the newly formed German states. They are intended to poll the opinions and attitudes of eligible Germans with regard to current events and issues as well as to political parties and individual politicians.
  • German Federal Election Studies
    The data base consists of one-off surveys, panel surveys, and cumulated surveys. It comprises representative polls for all German federal elections since 1949.
    Further studies are listed under GLES (German Longitudinal Election Study).