GESIS - DBK - ZA2620

ZA2620: International Social Survey Programme: Family and Changing Gender Roles II - ISSP 1994

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List of Files


  • ZA2620.dta (Dataset Stata) 7 MBytes
  • ZA2620.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 13 MBytes
  • ZA2620_2005-12-14.sav (Dataset SPSS) 8 MBytes


  • ZA2620_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 168 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2620_q_au.pdf (Questionnaire) 439 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2620_q_ca-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 750 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_ca-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 746 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2620_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 720 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 920 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 608 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2620_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 574 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_il.pdf (Questionnaire) 900 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 541 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_jp.pdf (Questionnaire) 908 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 850 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2620_q_nz.pdf (Questionnaire) 634 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_ph.pdf (Questionnaire) 742 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 862 KBytes
  • ZA2620_q_ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2620_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2620_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2620_q_us.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA2620_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 713 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1490_all_Overview_Duplicated_Records.xlsx (Table) 204 KBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
International Social Survey Programme 1994: Family and Changing Gender Roles II (ISSP 1994)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation ISSP Research Group (1997): International Social Survey Programme: Family and Changing Gender Roles II - ISSP 1994. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2620 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA2620
TitleInternational Social Survey Programme: Family and Changing Gender Roles II - ISSP 1994
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1997)
Date of Collection02.1993 - 01.1996
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Kelley, Jonathan - Australia
  • Bean, Clive - Australia
  • Evans, Mariah - Australia
  • Haller, Max - Austria
  • Hoellinger, Franz - Austria
  • Dimova, Lilia - Agency for Social Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Carleton University Survey Centre, Canada
  • Cermáková, Marie - Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany, Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung, University of Cologne, Germany
  • Jowell, Roger - Great Britain
  • Brook, Lindsay - Great Britain
  • Park, Alison - Great Britain
  • Ahrendt, Daphne - Great Britain
  • Kolosi, Tamás - TARKI, Budapest, Hungary
  • Social Science Research Center UCD and Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland
  • Lewin-Epstein, Noah - Israel
  • Yuchtman-Yaar, Eppie - Israel
  • Calvi, Gabriele - Italy
  • Tsuji, Tomohiro - Japan
  • Becker, Jos - SCP - Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau, Netherlands
  • Gendall. Philip - Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
  • Jowell, Roger - Northern Ireland
  • Brook, Lindsay - Northern Ireland
  • Dowds, Lizanne - Northern Ireland
  • Ahrendt, Daphne - Northern Ireland
  • NSD, Bergen, Norway
  • Noack, Turid - Statistics Norway, Norway
  • Skrede, K. - Institute of Applied Social Research, Norway
  • Thagaard, Tove - Department of Sociology, University of Oslo, Norway
  • Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Philippines
  • Cichomski, Bogdan - Institute for Social Studies, University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Sawinski, Zbigniew - Institute for Social Studies, University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Khakhulina, Ludmilla - Russia
  • Tos, Niko - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Diez-Medrano, Juan - CIS (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas), Spain
  • St. Svallfors, Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
  • Davis, James A. - NORC, USA
  • Smith, Tom W. - NORC, USA


AbstractThe significance of family and changing sex roles. Topics: attitude to employment of women (scale); attitude to role distribution of man and woman; importance of personal employment; preferred extent of employment of women during various stages of child raising; preferred measures to care for babies of working couples; attitude to partnership, marriage and divorce; attitude to single fathers and mothers; ideal number of children; attitude to children (scale); preference for divorce or continuation of a disturbed marriage; employment of mother during childhood of respondent; today´s contact with mother; personal divorces; earlier divorce of present partner; marital status of respondent; attitude to paid maternity leave; judgement on financial support when both partners work; attitude to abortion; attitude to pre-marital sexual relations and sexual relations of young people under 16 years; attitude to extra-marital sexual relations and homosexual relations; personal effect of sexual harassment at work; partner or respondent as manager of household income; division of housework between man and woman (scale); employment of both spouses and income differences; extent of employment during various stages of child raising; living together with a partner; employment in civil service; time worked each week; superior function; religiousness; self-classification of social class; union membership; party preference. In some selected countries the following questions were also posed: number of sex partners in the last year or in the last 5 years; total number of sex partners since the 18th year of life; familial or occupational relation with sex partners; sex of sex partner; paid sex; frequency of sexual intercourse in the last year; extra-marital partner.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Family life and marriage
  • Gender and gender roles
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 13.3 Family life and marriage
  • 13.4 Gender and gender roles


Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Canada (CA)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • United States of America (US)
UniverseAge: 18 years old and older (in FRG, GB, IR); in Austria and in the Netherlands 16 years
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
Mail, written as well as oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorISSS/A, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, in conjunction with Datacol, Australia; Fessel + GfK-Institut, Austria; Infratest, Munich and Infratest Burke, Berlin, Germany; EURISKO, Italy; NIPO, Netherlands; Department of Marketing, Massey University, New Zealand; Policy and Planning Research Unit (PPRU), Belfast, Northern Ireland; Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Norway; Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Philippines; Center of Field Research (ORBS) at the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Science, Poland; VCIOM, Moscow, Russia; Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Statistics Sweden, Sweden; National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, NORC, USA;
Date of Collection
  • 02.1993 - 01.1996 (Australia December 1993 to October 1994 FRG February to May 1994 Bulgaria March 1995 Great Britain May to July 1994 Ireland March 1994 Israel December 1994 Italy June to July 1994 Japan January 1994 Canada February 1993 to March 1994 New Zealand September to November 1994 Netherlands October 1994 to January 1995 Northern Ireland spring 1994 Norway March to June 1994 Austria December 1995 to January 1996 Philippines December 1994 Poland May to June 1994 Russia August 1994 Sweden February to May 1994 Slovenia October to November 1993 Spain September 1994 Czech Republic September 1994 Hungary May to June 1994 USA February to April 1994)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2017-7-20V222 R: Trade union membership - HU: Code 1 and 2 reversedIn the original questionnaire of Hungary, the categories ´Member´ and ´No member´ have been asked in reversed order. This has not been corrected by the PI in the national data sent to the Archive. You can fix this problem by the following recode command: Do if V3=08. Recode V222 (1=2) (2=1) (else=copy). End if. Exe.
2018-2-1Information on identified duplicated records in ISSP datasets:Please, check in document ‘ZA1490_All_Overview_Duplicated Records.xlsx’ in tab ‘Data & Documents’, subtab ’Other Documents’, whether the dataset at hand contains any identified duplicated records. The document also offers recommendations for treatment.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe number of casesfor the individual countries were: Australia 1779 Mail survey FRG 3421 Questionnaire to be filled out as drop-off after an oral survey Bulgaria 1126 Oral survey Great Britain 993 Questionnaire to be filled out subsequent to an oral survey Ireland 938 Oral survey Israel 1287 Oral survey Italy 1021 Oral survey Japan 1307 Oral survey Canada 1987 Questionnaire to be filled out as drop-off after an oral survey New Zealand 1047 Mail survey Netherlands 1968 Oral survey Northern Ireland 647 Questionnaire to be filled out as drop-off after an oral survey Norway 2087 Mail survey Austria 977 Oral survey Philippines1200 Oral survey Poland 1597 Oral survey Russia 1998 Written survey under supervision Sweden 1272 Mail survey Slovenia 1032 Oral survey Spain 2494 Oral survey Czech Republic 1024 Oral survey Hungary 1500 Oral survey USA 1447 Written survey as part of the GSS questionnaire
Number of Units: 33590
Number of Variables: 196
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): OSIRIS, SPSS


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
    The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual program of cross-national survey collaboration, covering a wide range of topics important for social science research. Since 1985 the ISSP provides international data sets, enabling cross-cultural and cross-temporal research.
  • ISSP - Module Topic: Family and Changing Gender Roles
    ‘Family and Changing Gender Roles’ is one of the eleven ISSP topic modules. Central themes are gender related issues, such as attitudes towards women’s employment, marriage, children and financial support, household management and partnership.