GESIS - DBK - ZA2831

ZA2831: Eurobarometer 45.1 (Apr-May 1996)

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  • ZA2831_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 1 KByte
  • ZA2831_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 9 MBytes
  • ZA2831_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 15 MBytes
  • ZA2831_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 9 MBytes


  • ZA2831_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 259 KBytes
  • ZA2831_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 262 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 913 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2831_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1020 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2831_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2831_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2831_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 925 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 931 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 882 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 897 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2831_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2831_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2831_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2831_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 997 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 771 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 662 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2831_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 924 KBytes
  • ZA2831_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 805 KBytes


  • ZA2831_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 2 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 45.1 (Apr-May 1996) European Union Rights, Sun Exposure, Work Safety, and Privacy Issues
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2012): Eurobarometer 45.1 (Apr-May 1996). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2831 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA2831
TitleEurobarometer 45.1 (Apr-May 1996)
Other Titles
  • European Union Rights, Sun Exposure, Work Safety, and Privacy Issues (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 45 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06749.v1, 2001
Date of Collection12.04.1996 - 18.05.1996
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractThis round of Eurobarometer surveys queried respondents on standard Eurobarometer measures such as public awareness of and attitudes toward the European Union (EU), and also focused on the rights of EU citizens as well as issues of work safety, sun exposure, and personal interviews. Topics: Respondents were asked about their knowledge of and the importance of rights such as traveling, working, buying, investing, studying, voting, and receiving medical care anywhere in the EU. Respondents provided further interpretation as to the meaning of some rights by indicating whether the right to live anywhere includes the right to permanently relocate, work, vote, or retire, if the right to work anywhere includes the right to set up a business, receive unemployment, receive retirement pay, or work as a civil servant, if the right to study includes equal access to schools, universities, scholarships, or exchange programs, and if purchasing rights include the right to buy any amount of goods for personal or other use. Questions concerning work safety asked respondents about their satisfaction with steps taken to guarantee health and safety in the workplace and whether employers, government inspectors, worker representatives, company committees, or individual workers should contribute more or less in order to reduce work accidents or work-related illnesses. Responses were also elicited regarding whether health and safety in the workplace contribute to worker efficiency, benefits for the people, economic benefits, and costs that are difficult for the employer to cover. Issues surrounding interviewing and personal data were also investigated. Respondents were asked if interviewing is a proper scientific tool, whether the interview format allows people to express their opinions, and whether it enables decision-makers to take people´s views into account. Respondents were also asked if interviewing represents a form of intrusion and whether people need legal protection against the misuse of data. Respondents also indicated whether they thought individuals should have the decision as to whether their personal information can be passed on to someone else. Respondents´ attitudes and opinions about sun exposure were also probed. Questions included whether respondents thought sun exposure was good or bad for their health, how best to protect themselves from the sun, and what type of skin, eye color, and hair color they had. Demography: Respondents age, sex, marital status, and left-right political self-placement, as well as household income, the number of people residing in the home, and region.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Migration
  • General health and well-being
  • Medication and treatment
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 7.3 General health
  • 7.4 Health care and medical treatment
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 18 Science and technology


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Italy (IT)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
A multi-stage sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regions in every country (i.e., Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT regions). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of addresses was selected from each sampled PSU. Addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures, beginning with an initial address selected at random. In each household, a respondent was selected, by a random procedure. Up to three recalls were made to obtain an interview with the selected respondent. No more than one interview was conducted in each household. Interviews were conducted face-to-face in respondents homes in the appropriate national language. Sweden is using a random sample bought at the government census bureau. Respondents were aged 15 and over. Separate samples were drawn for Northern Ireland and East-Germany.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen; INRA DEUTSCHLAND, Moelln; KEME, Athen; CIMEI, Madrid; TMO, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; Ulster Marketing Surveys, Nordirland; PRAGMA, Rom; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; METRIS, Lissabon; NOP Corporate and Financial, London; TEMO, Solna, Schweden; Marketing Development Center, Espoo, Finnland; SPECTRA, Linz, Oesterreich; INRA EUROPE (Internationale Koordination), Bruessel
Date of Collection
  • 22.04.1996 - 9.05.1996 (Belgium)
  • 1.05.1996 - 16.05.1996 (Denmark)
  • 19.04.1996 - 6.05.1996 (Germany)
  • 19.04.1996 - 30.04.1996 (Greece)
  • 19.04.1996 - 29.04.1996 (Spain)
  • 15.04.1996 - 26.04.1996 (France)
  • 23.04.1996 - 13.05.1996 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 12.04.1996 - 6.05.1996 (Luxembourg)
  • 22.04.1996 - 14.05.1996 (Netherlands)
  • 18.04.1996 - 2.05.1996 (Portugal)
  • 16.04.1996 - 7.05.1996 (Great Britain)
  • 23.04.1996 - 13.05.1996 (Northern Ireland)
  • 18.04.1996 - 7.05.1996 (Austria)
  • 25.04.1996 - 18.05.1996 (Sweden)
  • 20.04.1996 - 12.05.1996 (Finland)
  • 16.04.1996 - 30.04.1996 (Italy)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2014-12-12Income (V423)Documentation for DENMARK is not correct. Should read INCOME PER YEAR.
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added

Further Remarks

NotesSurvey 45.0 has been canceled Prior to Eurobarometer 45.1 questions on ´sun exposure´ and ´cancer´ have been asked in the context of a special health survey: Commission of the European Communities. EURO HEALTH SURVEY 2: CANCER PREVENTION SURVEY, FEBRUARY-MARCH 1992.
Number of Units: 16335
Number of Variables: 437
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 45: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Union. Brüssel: Selbstverlag Herbst 1996.
  • INRA (Europe) pour la Commission Européenne, Direction Générale V: Les européens et la sante et la securite sur les lieux de travail. Bruxelles, 13. août 1996.
  • INRA (Europe) pour la Commission Européenne, Direction Générale V: Les Européens et le soleil. Bruxelles, Juillet 1996.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.