GESIS - DBK - ZA2959

ZA2959: Eurobarometer 48.0 (Oct-Nov 1997)

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  • ZA2959_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA2959_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 17 MBytes
  • ZA2959_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 33 MBytes
  • ZA2959_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 18 MBytes


  • ZA2959_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 303 KBytes
  • ZA2959_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 304 KBytes
  • ZA2959_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 105 KBytes
  • ZA2959_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 948 KBytes
  • ZA2959_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 950 KBytes
  • ZA2959_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2959_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2959_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA2959_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 5 MBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA2959_r_enlargement_fr.pdf (Report) 292 KBytes
  • ZA2959_r_holidays.pdf (Report) 369 KBytes
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Eurobarometer 48.0 (Oct-Nov 1997) Holiday Travel
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2012): Eurobarometer 48.0 (Oct-Nov 1997). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2959 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA2959
TitleEurobarometer 48.0 (Oct-Nov 1997)
Other Titles
  • Holiday Travel (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 48 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR02353.v1 , 2002-04
Date of Collection12.10.1997 - 16.11.1997
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Public Opinion Surveys and Research Unit


AbstractAttitude to the EU, European unification and the currency union. Attitudes, knowledge, expectations, preferences as well as ideas about the further development of the EU. Vacation behavior. Topics: citizenship (multiple responses possible); interest in politics; personal opinion leadership; future expectations in the areas of economic situation of the country, one´s own financial situation, employment situation in the country, personal employment situation and life in general; satisfaction with democracy at country level as well as in Europe; trust in media, the police, church, military, trade unions, parties, large concerns as well as national and supranational institutions; most important sources of information or information channels about the EU and preferred means of information about the EU; media usage; judgement on the extent and quality of reporting about European affairs in the media; judgement on the membership of the country in the EU; advantageousness of this membership; judgement on the progress of European unification and personally preferred unification progress; attitude to a common European currency, foreign policy and defense policy; attitude to support of the president and the members of the European Commission by a majority of the European Parliament; attitude to equal rights for the European Parliament regarding the Council of Ministers; attitude to a local passive and active right to vote for all Europeans; attitude to school instruction about the job of the European institutions; attitude to a subsidy for European film and television productions; preference for national or European decision power in selected political areas; preference for a reduction of inflation or unemployment; attitude to a common European currency; self-assessment of extent to which informed about the Euro; attitude to an information campaign before introduction of the common European currency; desired priorities in EU policies, such as e.g. fight against poverty, accepting new member countries, environmental protection, consumer protection, fighting unemployment, reform of EU institutions, securing of peace in Europe and protection of personal rights and democratic principles in Europe; actually expected as well as desired significance of the European Union in the next century for personal life of respondent; preferred new EU member countries; criteria for acceptance of new countries; most important effects of expansion of the EU by additional member countries; preference for budget increase or division of what is available among additional member countries in selected political areas such as agriculture, research, support of weak regions, education and infrastructure; knowledge about the Amsterdam treaty and approval of a referendum in one´s country; personal decision behavior in case of such a referendum; positive or negative expectations of the next century in selected political, personal and social areas (scale); self-assessment of tolerance regarding members of other nationalities, races and religions in one´s country; acceptance of immigrants from the southern Mediterranean, Eastern Europe, applicants for political asylum and citizens from other countries of the EU; attitude to the number of foreigners in one´s country; judgement on selected goals of European agricultural policy; perception of reporting about the European Parliament in the media; the significance of the European Parliament for the EU; desire for stronger significance of the European Parliament; election participation at the last European Election and voting intent in the coming election to the European Parliament; assessment of the representation of interests of the European citizens by the European Parliament; most important interests that should be represented by the European Parliament; knowledge about the Basque region and its location; assessment of the state of development of the Basque region; image of the Basques as patriotic, hospitable, violent, industrious etc. Vacation: vacation in the last few years; reasons for not going on vacation; vacation month; vacation duration and country visited on vacation for up to 6 vacation trips in the survey year; vacation spartner; preferred type of countryside such as mountains, lakes or cities; means of transport on the trip there as well as use of various means of transport during the vacation; type of vacation housing used; primary criteria for the choice of vacation destination; vacation costs and information on proportion for travel and housing; means of payment before start of vacation and during vacation; most important product groups in vacation purchases; type of vacation attractions seen; vacation organized through a travel agency; sources of information used for vacation planning; type of information used before decision for vacation destination; obtaining information material from tourist information offices and evaluation of such information offices; most important problems in vacation preparation as well as in the course of the vacation; general vacation satisfaction; vacation plans for next year and trip duration; preferred country to visit on this vacation. Demography: self-classification on a left-right continuum; marital status; age at termination of school or university; sex; age; number of children and adults in household; current employment; primary earner in household and his occupation; head of household. Only in Germany (East and West) as well as in Spain, France, Italy and in the United Kingdom the following additional questions were posed: image of the European Union; trust in the individual EU countries in the areas of politics, economy, business relations and European orientation; self-assessment of observing the political events in Italy; judgement on the political as well as economic situation in Italy (scale); most important political tasks of the EU; assumed improvement in the decision-making process in the European Union through the Amsterdam treaty. In Luxembourg the following additional question was posed: knowledge and significance of the presidency of Luxembourg in the Council of Ministers of the EU. In Ireland the following additional question was posed: attitude to participation of the country in a common European defense policy. Also encoded was: date of interview; time of start of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; possession of a telephone.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Leisure, tourism and sport
  • Cultural and national identity
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.1 Leisure, tourism and sport
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMARKETING UNIT-INRA BELGIUM, Bruessel; GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen; INRA DEUTSCHLAND, Moelln; KEME, Athen; INRA ESPANA, Madrid; TMO, Paris; LANSDOWNE Market Research, Dublin; Ulster Marketing Surveys, Nordirland; PRAGMA, Rom; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; METRIS, Lissabon; RAS - INRA UK, London; TEMO AB, Solna, Schweden; MDC MARKETING RESEARCH Ltd, Espoo, Finnland; SPECTRA, Linz, OEsterreich; INRA EUROPE, Bruessel (internationale Koordination)
Date of Collection
  • 20.10.1997 - 03.11.1997 (Belgium)
  • 15.10.1997 - 11.11.1997 (Denmark)
  • 12.10.1997 - 04.11.1997 (Germany)
  • 13.10.1997 - 12.11.1997 (Greece)
  • 22.10.1997 - 03.11.1997 (Spain)
  • 20.10.1997 - 03.11.1997 (France)
  • 20.10.1997 - 12.11.1997 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 20.10.1997 - 31.10.1997 (Italy)
  • 14.10.1997 - 10.11.1997 (Luxembourg)
  • 17.10.1997 - 15.11.1997 (Netherlands)
  • 18.10.1997 - 05.11.1997 (Portugal)
  • 13.10.1997 - 10.11.1997 (Great Britain)
  • 23.10.1997 - 10.11.1997 (Northern Ireland)
  • 17.10.1997 - 03.11.1997 (Austria)
  • 20.10.1997 - 16.11.1997 (Sweden)
  • 20.10.1997 - 11.11.1997 (Finland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1V3, value 1value label incorrect2012-7-1value label corrected

Further Remarks

NotesIn each country about 1000 interviews were conducted, except in Luxembourg (approx. 600 respondents) and in Northern Ireland (approx. 300 respondents). In Germany two separate samples of approx. 1000 respondents each in East and West were surveyed.
Number of Units: 16186
Number of Variables: 999
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 48: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Union. Brüssel: Selbstverlag Herbst 1997.
  • Gille-Belova, Olga (Commission Européenne, Direction Générale X): Les enjeux de l´elargissement de l´union europeenne dans l´opinion publique. Bruxelles, fevrier
  • INRA (Europe) for the European Commission, Directorate General XXIII: Facts and Figures on the Europeans on Holidays. Brussels, March 1998.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.