GESIS - DBK - ZA3090

ZA3090: International Social Survey Programme: Work Orientations II - ISSP 1997

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  • ZA3090.dta (Dataset Stata) 13 MBytes
  • ZA3090.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 19 MBytes
  • ZA3090_2006-07-31.sav (Dataset SPSS) 10 MBytes


  • ZA3090_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA3090_q_bd.pdf (Questionnaire) 669 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 814 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_ca-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA3090_q_ca-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA3090_q_ch-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 87 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_ch-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 101 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_ch-it.pdf (Questionnaire) 94 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 777 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 803 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 266 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 100 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 358 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 546 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 821 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 822 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_il-ar.pdf (Questionnaire) 453 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_il-he.pdf (Questionnaire) 490 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 107 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_jp.pdf (Questionnaire) 394 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 972 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 100 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_nz.pdf (Questionnaire) 914 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_ph.pdf (Questionnaire) 66 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 325 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 361 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 749 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 374 KBytes
  • ZA3090_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA3090_q_us.pdf (Questionnaire) 450 KBytes


  • ZA3090_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 773 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1490_all_Overview_Duplicated_Records.xlsx (Table) 204 KBytes
  • ZA3090_mr.pdf (Method Report) 197 KBytes
  • ZA3090_sd.pdf (Study Description) 154 KBytes
  • ZA3090_topics.pdf (Other Document) 1 MByte
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International Social Survey Programme 1997: Work Orientations II (ISSP 1997)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation ISSP Research Group (1999): International Social Survey Programme: Work Orientations II - ISSP 1997. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA3090 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA3090
TitleInternational Social Survey Programme: Work Orientations II - ISSP 1997
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1999)
Date of Collection01.1997 - 03.1999
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Ahmad, Qazi K. - Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad, Bangladesh
  • Dimova, Lilia - Agency for Social Analyses (ASA), Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Frizzell, Alan - Carleton University Survey Centre, Ottawa, Canada
  • Lehmann, Carla - Centro de Estudios Publicos, Santiago, Chile
  • Papageorgiou, Bambos - Center of Applied Research, Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Mateju, Petr - Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Andersen, Jorgen G. - Aalborg University, Denmark
  • Torpe, Lars - Aalborg University, Denmark
  • Borre, Ole - University of Aarhus, Denmark
  • Togeby, Lise - University of Aarhus, Denmark
  • Mouritzen, Poul E. - University of Odense, Denmark
  • Nielsen, Hans J. - Copenhagen University, Denmark
  • Andersen, Bjarne H. - Copenhagen University, Denmark
  • Lemel, Yannick - FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France
  • Harkness, Janet - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
  • Park, Alison - Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
  • Jowell, Roger - Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
  • Robert, Peter - TARKI, Social Research Informatics Center, Budapest, Hungary
  • Lewin-Epstein, Noah - Tel Aviv University, Israel
  • Guidorossi, Giovanna - EURISKO, Milan, Italy
  • Calvi, Gabriele - EURISKO, Milan, Italy
  • Onodera, Noriko - Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
  • Becker, Jos - Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP), Rijswijk, Netherlands
  • Gendall, Philip - Department of Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
  • Skjåk, Knut K. - Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD), Bergen, Norway
  • Mangahas, Mahar - Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Quezon City, Philippines
  • Cichomski, Bogdan - Institute for Social Studies (ISS), Warsaw University, Poland
  • Cabral Villaverde, Manuel - Instituto de Ciências Sociais, University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Khakhulina, Ludmila - VCIOM, Center for Public Opinion and Market Research, Moscow, Russia
  • Tos, Niko - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Diez-Nicolás, Juan - ASEP, Madrid, Spain
  • St. Svallfors, Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
  • Diekmann, Andreas - Department of Sociology, University of Berne, Switzerland
  • Engelhardt, Henriette - Department of Sociology, University of Berne, Switzerland
  • Jann, Ben - Department of Sociology, University of Berne, Switzerland
  • Armingeon, Klaus - Institute of Political Science, University of Berne, Switzerland
  • Geissbühler, Simon - Institute of Political Science, University of Berne, Switzerland
  • Smith, Tom W. - NORC, USA


AbstractAttitude to work. Work orientation and description of work responsibilities. Topics: desired distribution of time for selected activities such as work, leisure time usw.; work orientation (scale); carrying out work in household; importance of selected demands of a job; most important criteria for determination of amount of salary; influence of new technologies on job offerings and on quality of job; preference for work in service area or industry as well as in private economy or public sector; preference for employee status or occupational self-employment as well as for working in a large concern or in a small company; part-time employment; interest in full-time work; expected difficulties in looking for a job; payment of work; description of personal commitment to work; preference for more work and more pay or for more leisure time; certainty of one´s own job; significance of career opportunities and structuring of flexible working hours; characterization of work as hard physical activity and description of the extent of stress on the job; physical exhaustion after work; dangerous and unhealthful job situations; personal opportunity to influence the structuring of the work day or work processes; general job description; benefit of skills learned during time in school or university; judgement on the relationship between management and employees; atmosphere at work; work satisfaction; absence in the last 6 months; search for new job in the next 12 months. Those not employed were asked: work for more than one year and time of end of last paid job; reasons for the end of employment; expected difficulties in the job search; current search for work; manner of search for work; primary income source. Demography: sex; age; marital status; living together with a partner; education and duration of education; current employment status; employment in private or public sector; self-employment or employee; personal employees; time worked each week; superior function and span of control; company size; income; religious denomination; religiousness; union member; self-assessment of social class; self-assessment on a left-right continuum; party preference; size of household and composition; city size; region; original country of origin or ethnic group affiliation.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Working conditions
  • Employment
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 1.1 Working conditions
  • 1.5 Employment


Geographic Coverage
  • Bangladesh (BD)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • United States of America (US)
  • Cyprus (CY)
UniverseAge: 18 years old and older
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
Mail, written or oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorBangladesh Unnayan Parishad, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Agency for Social Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria; School of Journalism and Communication, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada; Cyprus College, Cyprus; Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic; Y. Lemel, FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France; Infratest Burke Sozialforschung, Muenchen, Germany; Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain; TARKI, Social Research Information Center, Hungary; Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel; EURISKO, Milano, Italy; NHK, Tokio, Japan; Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP), Rijswijk, Netherlands; Massey University, Department of Marketing, New Zealand; Social Weather Stations, Quezon City, Philippines; ISS, Warsaw, Poland; VCIOM, Moscow, Russia; Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia, Análisis Sociológicos Económicos y Políticos (ASEP), Spain; Statistics Sweden, Sweden; LINK Institute, Luzern, Switzerland; National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, NORC, USA; Norsk Gallup Institute, Norway
Date of Collection
  • 01.1997 - 03.1999 (The survey times: Bangladesh: March 1998; Bulgaria: February 1997 to May 1997; Canada: 31 January 1999 to 31 March 1999; Czech Republic: September 1997 to December 1997; Denmark: 10 to 16 November 1997; Germany (West): 20 February 1997 to 6 May 1997; Germany (east): 20 February 1997 to 6 May 1997; France: August to November 1998; Great Britain: February to April 1997; Hungary: 17 to 27 January 1997; Italy: 4 November 1997 to 14 November 1997; Japan: 24 to 27 October 1997; Netherlands: 1 October 1997 to 12 January 1998; New Zealand: 24 April 1997 to 5 August 1997; Norway: 8 October 1997 to 5 December 1997; Philippines: 25 August to 18 September 1997; Poland: October 1997 to December 1997; Portugal: September 1997; Russia: 29 April 1998 to 16 May 1998; Slovenia: November 1997; Spain: 14 April to 18 April 1997; Sweden: February 1997 to May 1997; Switzerland: 11 May 1998 to 19 October 1998; USA: February to May 1998; Cyprus: 1 November 1997 to 24 November 1997.)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2013-3-13Missing ValuesThe dataset does not contain any missing values.
2018-2-1Information on identified duplicated records in ISSP datasets:Please, check in document ‘ZA1490_All_Overview_Duplicated Records.xlsx’ in tab ‘Data & Documents’, subtab ’Other Documents’, whether the dataset at hand contains any identified duplicated records. The document also offers recommendations for treatment.
2018-6-11v44 (How often applies: find the work stressful) – Unites States: Data availableFor the US v44 is available after all and can be provided on request (e-mail:
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe number of cases for the individual countries are organized as follows: Bangladesh: 2000 cases Bulgaria: 1012 cases Canada: 958 cases Czech Republic: 1080 cases Denmark: 1034 cases Germany (West): 1215 cases Germany (east): 531 cases France: 1011 cases Great Britain: 1080 cases Hungary: 1500 cases Israel (Jewish): 1041 cases Israel (Arabian): 496 cases Italy: 1017 cases Japan: 1226 cases Netherlands: 2267 cases New Zealand: 1198 cases Norway: 2199 cases Philippines: 1200 cases Poland: 1200 cases Portugal: 1637 cases Russia: 1698 cases Slovenia: 1005 cases Spain: 1211 cases Sweden: 1275 cases Switzerland: 2518 cases USA: 1228 cases Cyprus: 1002 cases The data file and documentation of the present ISSP module have been prepared by ASEP/JDS ( and in Madrid, Spain, under a cooperation agreement between ZA and ASEP/JDS. Data formats and documentation standards may therefore differ slightly from the remainder of the series.
Number of Units: 34901
Number of Variables: 276
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
    The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual program of cross-national survey collaboration, covering a wide range of topics important for social science research. Since 1985 the ISSP provides international data sets, enabling cross-cultural and cross-temporal research.
  • ISSP - Module Topic: Work Orientations
    ‘Work Orientations’ is one of the eleven ISSP topic modules. Central themes are issues, such as employment arrangements, job characteristics, subjective experience of job, outcome of work, work-life balance, work centrality, and solidarity and conflict in work relations.