GESIS - DBK - ZA3521

ZA3521: The Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File 1970-2002 (ed. 2.00)

Downloads and Data Access

On this page you find the complete metadata and an overview of all available data sets and documents for the requested study. The download of all files is possible from our central search page under the following link:
ZA3521 Downloads and Data Access

List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA3521_missing_v2-0-1.sps (Dataset) 3 KBytes
  • (Dataset) 40 MBytes
  • (Dataset) 59 MBytes
  • (Dataset) 55 MBytes


  • ZA3521_cod_appendix_v2-0-1.pdf (Codebook) 2 MBytes
  • ZA3521_cod_v2-0-1.pdf (Codebook) 1 MByte

Other Documents

  • ZA3521_EurobarometerTrends_1974-94.pdf (Table) 12 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
The Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File 1970-2002
Availability Availability 0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
Download of Data and Documents Download of Data and Documents All downloads from this catalogue are free of charge. Data-sets available under access categories B and C must be ordered via the shopping cart with a few exceptions. Charges apply! Please respect our Terms of use.

Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Schmitt, H., Scholz, E., Leim, I., Moschner, M. (2008): The Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File 1970-2002 (ed. 2.00). European Commission [Principal investigator]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA3521 Data file Version 2.0.1,
Study No.ZA3521
TitleThe Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File 1970-2002 (ed. 2.00)
Current Version2.0.1, 2008-8-25,
Date of Collection1970 - 2002
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Rabier, Jacques-René - European Commission, Brussels
  • Reif, Karlheinz - European Commission, Brussels
  • Melich, Anna - European Commission, Brussels
  • Marlier, Eric - European Commission, Brussels
  • Mohedano-Brèthes, Ruben - European Commission, Brussels
  • Soufflot de Magny, Ruben - European Commission, Brussels


AbstractCumulated dataset of the standard Eurobarometer. 1. Technical variables. 2. Weighting variables. 3. Attitude towards the EU. 4. Attitude towards political and social values. 5. Voting behaviour. 6. Demography. 7. Attitude towards political and social values (indices). 8. Attitude towards the EU (indices). 1. Technical variables: nationality; number of Eurobarometer; registration of the respondent in an electoral register; split variable. 2. Weighting variables: sample weight, EU weight. 3. Attitude towards the EU: attitude towards unification of Western Europe; attitude towards the EU membership of one´s country; advantages or disadvantages of the EU membership; regret of a possible failure of the EU; estimated and desired pace of development of the EU and the European unification; knowledge about the EU, EU policy and EU institutions; knowledge and importance of the present EU presidency of one´s country; knowledge of the European Parliament and the European Commission; attitude towards the European Parliament and the European Commission; importance of future EU elections; preference for a national or an European orientation of a representative in the European Parliament; attitude towards an European government; knowledge of the European domestic market launched in 1992; hopes as well as fears concerning the domestic market; general attitude towards the European domestic market; trust in European institutions; interest in European policy; interest in EU problems and importance of these problems for the country; assessment of the understanding between the EU countries; national versus European identity. 4. Attitude towards political and social values: life satisfaction, happiness; personal financial situation; changes of financial situation during the last year; estimation of change of the general economic situation; expectation of peace or war for the coming year; expected increase of economic conflicts (strikes); political interest, opinion leadership; political discussions with friends; media use (TV watching, reading of newspaper and radio listening); attitude towards a change of society; postmaterialism; importance of religion; national pride; satisfaction with the functioning of democracy in the country and in Europe; political efficacy; sympathy for environmental protection movement, anti-war movement and the feminist movement. 5. Voting behaviour: party preference; party identification; voting behaviour at the last elections; intention to participate in the next elections. 6. Demography: self-assessment on a left-right continuum; party affiliation; union membership; marital status; age at end of education; sex; size of household; number of children less than 8 years old and from 8 to 15 years old; occupation; branch of trade; company size; head of household; position in household; self-assessment of social class; degree of urbanisation; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; income; city size; region; mother tongue in the family. 7. Attitude towards political and social values (indices). Postmaterialism, use of media. 8. Attitude towards the EU (indices): attitude towards the economic integration of the EU countries; party preference; general attitude towards the European unification.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Elections
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 11.7 Elections


Geographic Coverage
  • France (FR)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Austria (AT)
UniverseThe population of each EU member country is defined as the members of the national residential population at the age of 15 years and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
All nationalities were induced into the population of a member country, beginning with Eurobarometer 41.1. From Eurobarometer 32 onwards the sampling procedure switched to multistage stratified sampling. In earlier Eurobarometers different sampling procedures were applied in different countries. Up to Eurobarometer 31 A in Denmark, Luxembourg and Netherlands a random sample was drawn from electoral register. Quota sampling in Belgium, France, Italy, Great Britain and Ireland, based on Census-data. In Greece, Spain and Portugal random route. In Germany up to Eurobarometer 23 quota sampling was used, since Eurobarometer 24 random route sampling.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorCompilation and harmonisation of trend variables: Hermann Schmitt, Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Mannheim; Evi Scholz (Edition 1.00), Zentrum für Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen (ZUMA), Mannheim; Iris Leim, Meinhard Moschner (Edition 2.00), Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung (ZA), Köln
Date of Collection
  • 1970 - 2002 (France)
  • 1970 - 2002 (Netherlands)
  • 1970 - 2002 (Belgium)
  • 1970 - 2002 (Germany)
  • 1970 - 2002 (Italy)
  • 1973 - 2002 (Luxembourg)
  • 1973 - 2002 (Denmark)
  • 1973 - 2002 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 1973 - 2002 (Great Britain)
  • 1975 - 2002 (Northern Ireland)
  • 1980 - 2002 (Greece)
  • 1985 - 2002 (Spain)
  • 1985 - 2002 (Portugal)
  • 1990 - 1996 (Norway)
  • 1994 - 2002 (Finland)
  • 1994 - 2002 (Sweden)
  • 1994 - 2002 (Austria)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.1 (current version)2008-8-25 Archive dataset edition
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 1134384
Number of Variables: 146
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.