GESIS - DBK - ZA4438

ZA4438: EVS - European Values Study 1981 - Integrated Dataset

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  • ZA4438_v3-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 9 MBytes
  • ZA4438_v3-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 11 MBytes


  • ZA4439_q_be.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4440_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 790 KBytes
  • ZA4441_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4442_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4443_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4444_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 804 KBytes
  • ZA4445_q_is.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4446_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 750 KBytes
  • ZA4447_q_ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4448_q_mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 920 KBytes
  • ZA4449_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 848 KBytes
  • ZA4450_q_gb-ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 852 KBytes
  • ZA4451_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 694 KBytes
  • ZA4452_q_us.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4499_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4438_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 410 KBytes


  • ZA4438_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA4804_weights.pdf (Remarks) 895 KBytes
  • ZA7503_Method_Information.xlsx (Method Report) 91 KBytes
  • ZA4438_v3-0-0_ddi20_Codebook_20140901.xml (DDI-C Codebook) 1 MByte
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
EVS 1981 - Integrated Dataset
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation EVS (2011): EVS - European Values Study 1981 - Integrated Dataset. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4438 Data file Version 3.0.0,
Study No.ZA4438
TitleEVS - European Values Study 1981 - Integrated Dataset
Current Version3.0.0, 2011-11-20,
Date of Collection01.03.1981 - 02.1984
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Kerkhofs, Jan - Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
  • Delooz, Pierre - University of Mons, Belgium
  • Kielty, J.F. - The Gallup Organization, Canada
  • Petersen, E. - Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Röhme, Nils - Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Riffault, Hélène - Faits et Opinions, France
  • Stoetzel, Jean - Faits et Opinions, France
  • Köcher, Renate - Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach, Germany
  • Noelle-Neumann, Elisabeth - Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach, Germany
  • Heald, Gordon - Gallup, Great Britain
  • Haraldsson, Olafur - University of Iceland, Iceland
  • James, Meril - Gallup, Great Britain
  • Abbruzzese, Salvatore - University of Trento, Italy
  • Calvaruso, Claudio - University of Trento, Italy
  • de Moor, Ruud - Tilburg University, The Netherlands
  • Listhaug, Ola - University of Trondheim, Norway
  • Linz, Juan - Yale University, USA and Data S.A., Spain
  • Orizo, Francisco Andrés - DATA S.A., Spain
  • Bush, Karin - SIFO, Sweden
  • Harding, Steve - Nene College on Higher Education, USA
  • Rosenberg, Florence - Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA), USA
  • Sullivan, Edward - Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA), USA


AbstractThe online overview offers comprehensive metadata on the EVS datasets and variables. The variable overview of the four EVS waves 1981, 1990, 1999/2000, and 2008 allows for identifying country specific deviations in the question wording within and across the EVS waves. This overview can be found at: Online Variable Overview. Moral, religious, societal, political, work, and family values of Europeans. Themes: Feeling of happiness; state of health; ever felt: very excited or interested, restless, proud, lonely, pleased, bored, depressed, upset because of criticism; when at home: feeling relaxed, anxious, happy, aggressive, secure; respect and love for parents; important child qualities: good manners, politeness and neatness, independance, hard work, honesty, felling of responsibility, patience, imaginantion, tolerance, leadership, self-control, saving money, determination perseverance, religious faith, unselfishness, obedience, loyalty; attitude towards abortion; way of spending leisure time: alone, with family, with friends, in a lively place; frequency of political discussions; opinion leader; volentary engagement in: welfare service for elderly, education, labour unions, polititcal parties, human rights, environment, professional associations, youth work, consumer groups; dislike being with people with different ideas; will to help; characterisation of neighbourhood: people with a ciminal record, of a different race, heavy drinkers, emotionally unstable people, immigrants or foreign workers, left-wing or right-wing extremists, people with large families, students, unmarried mothers, members of minority religious sects or cults; general confidence; young people trust in older people and vice versa; satisfaction with life; freedom of choice and control; satisfaction with financial situation of the household; financial situation in 12 months; important values at work: good pay, not too much pressure, job security, a respected job, good hours, opportunity to use initiative, generous holidays, responsibility, interesting job, a job that meets one´s abilities, pleasant people, chances for promotion, useful job for society, meeting people; look forward to work after weekend; pride in one´s work; exploitation at work; job satisfaction; freedom of decision taking in job; behaviour at paid free days: find extra work, use spare time to study, spend time with family and friends, find additional work to avoid boredom, use spare time for voluntary work, spend time on hobbies, run own business, relaxing; fair payment; preferred management type; attitude towards following instructions at work; satisfaction with home life; sharing attitudes with partner and parents: towards religion, moral standards, social attitudes, polititcal views, sexual attitudes; ideal number of children; child needs a home with father and mother; a woman has to have children to be fulfilled; sex cannot entirely be left to individual choice; marriage as an out-dated institution; woman as a single parent; enjoy sexual freedom; important values for a successful marriage: faithfulness, adequate income, same social background, respect and appreciation, religious beliefs, good housing, agreement on politics, understanding and tolerance, apart from in-laws, happy sexual relationship, sharing household chores, children, taste and interests in common; accepted reasons for divorce; main aim of imprisonment; willingness to fight for the own country; fear of war; expected future changes of values; opinion about scientific advances; interest in politics; political action: signing a petition, joining in boycotts, attending lawful demonstrations, joining unofficial strikes, occupying buildings or factories, damaging things and personal violence; prefence for freedom or equality; self-positioning on a left-right scale; basic kinds of attitudes concerning society; confidence in institutions: churches, armed forces, education system, the press, labour unions, the police, parliament, the civil services, major companies and the justice system; living day to day because of uncertain future; party preference and identification; regularly reading of a daily newspaper; frequency of TV watching; opinion on terrorism; thinking about meaning and purpose of life; feeling that life is meaningless; thoughts about dead; good and evil in everyone; regret having done something; worth risking life for: country, another´s life, justice, freedom, peace and religion; attitude towards good and evil and religion and truth; religous denomination; church attendence; self placement as religious person; churches give answers to: moral problems, problems of family life, spiritual needs, importance of religion in the future; believe in: God, life after death, soul, hell, heaven, sin, re-incarnation and devil; personal God vs. spirit or life force; importance of God; comfort and strength from religion; moments of prayer or meditation; applying of the ten commandements to the interviewee himself and to most people; feel in touch with someone far away; seen events that happened far away; feel in touch with someone dead; feel close to a powerful life force; altered outlook on life through transcendental experience; relationship between the parents and relationship between interviewee and his mother and father; strict education through the parents; moral values: personal attitudes and expected attitude of most people towards unjustified claiming of government benefits, avoiding fare on public transport, cheating on taxes, accepting a bribe, homosexuality, prostitution, abortion, divorce, euthanasia, suicide, joyriding, taking soft drugs, lying, adultery, sex under the legal age of consent, political assassination, buying stolen goods, keeping money that one finds, fighting with the police, hit-and-run driving, strikebreaking, killing in self-defence; consumption of alcohol; illegal drug-taking and alcoholism as a serios problem in the respondent´s country; proud of nationality. Demography: sex; year of birth; age; marital status; number of children; size of household; number of people in the household aged 18 and older; number of people in the household at different age groups; living with parents; house or apartment; employment status; profession of chief wage profession; seize if department; member of a labour union; socio-economic status of interviewee; income; size of town; type of habitat; ethnic group. Additionaly encoded: country; region; confidence of the interviewee during the interview; weight.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Religion and values
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5 Society and culture
  • 5.5 Religion and values


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Germany (DE), Germany (West)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United States of America (US)
UniverseThe adult population 18 years and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Representative multi-stage random sample resp. quota sample Nationally representative samples were selected. The target number of interviews in each country was set at 1000, with an additional booster quota sample of 200 young adults aged 18-24.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Personal interview with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorBelgium: Nationaal Instituut voor Dataverzameling/Dimarso (Brussels) Canada: Gallup Canada (Toronto) Denmark: Observa, Instituttet for Erhvervsanalyser og Markedsforkning France: Faits et Opinion Germany West: Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach Great Britain: Social Surveys (Gallup Poll) Ltd. Iceland: Hagvangur Ireland: The Irish Marketing Surveys (Dublin) Italy: Doxa (Milan) Malta: Gallup Malta Limited Netherlands: NIPO (Amsterdam) Northern Ireland: Irish Marketing Surveys (Dublin) Norway: Central Bureau of Statistics Spain: Data, S.A. Estudios de Mercado, opinion y sociologia aplicada Sweden: Gallup Sweden / Sifo ab USA: The Gallup Organization, Princeton, NJ
Date of Collection
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (Belgium)
  • 1982 - 1982 (Canada)
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (Denmark)
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (France)
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (Germany)
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (Great Britain)
  • 1984 - 1984 (Iceland)
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (Ireland)
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (Italy)
  • 11.1983 - 02.1984 (Malta)
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (Netherlands)
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (Northern Ireland)
  • 01.03.1981 - 31.05.1981 (Spain)
  • 01.03.1982 - 31.03.1982 (USA)
  • 11.1982 - 12.1982 (Norway)
  • 1982 - 1982 (Sweden)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
3.0.0 (current version)2011-11-20
2.0.02007-5-30 Full data release as of May 2007
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 3.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2011-10-31v532Cases with wildcode "0" (N=43).2011-11-20Cases were coded to "-5 other missing".
2011-10-31v553No data available in variable.2011-11-20Variable was deleted from dataset as data was not available.

Further Remarks

NotesThe target number of interviews in each country was set at 1000, with an additional booster quota sample of 200 young adults aged 18-24.
Number of Units: 19.378
Number of Variables: 370
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • The EVS Bibliography lists all kinds of publications using EVS data, based on national and cross-national analysis. The bibliography is an easy way to find relevant publications in the field of value studies. Moreover, some enhanced publications with information on the datasets, variables, and syntax codes of the concepts used are available. The EVS Bibliography can be found here.
  • Atlas of European Values: Trends and Traditions at the turn of the Century. Loek Halman, Inge Sieben, and Marga van Zundert, Tilburg University. Leiden, Tilburg: Brill 2012. See EVS webpage: here
  • Measuring and Comparing Values in 16 Countries of the Western World. Documentation of the European Values Study 1981-1990 in Europe and North America. Halman, Loek; Vloet, Astrid, November 1994. Work and Organization Research Centre - Tilburg University Research Unit on Workers in Development. Warandelaan 2 – 5037 AB Tilburg - The Netherlands. (Worc report 94.11.001) See EVS webpage: here
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  European Values Study (EVS)
    The European Values Study 1981-2017 is a large-scale, cross-national and longitudinal survey research program carried out under the responsibility of the European Values Study Foundation. The five EVS waves 1981, 1990, 2008, and 2017 cover a broad range of topics including the main domains of life: work and leisure time, family and sexuality, religion, politics and ethics. The EVS holding includes integrated datasets on every EVS wave and additionally for the waves 1999 and 2008 the national datasets. The current EVS Longitudinal Data File 1981-2017 is based on the four waves and can be easily merged with the World Values Survey (1981-2021) to an Integrated Values Surveys 1981-2021 Data File.