GESIS - DBK - ZA4800

ZA4800: European Values Study 2008: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2008)

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ZA4800 Downloads and Data Access

List of Files

List of Files


  • (Dataset) 10 MBytes
  • (Dataset) 12 MBytes
  • ZA4800_v4-0-0_missingRecode.txt (Dataset) 141 KBytes


  • ZA4751_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 678 KBytes
  • ZA4752_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 461 KBytes
  • ZA4753_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 570 KBytes
  • ZA4754_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 669 KBytes
  • ZA4755_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 676 KBytes
  • ZA4756_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 545 KBytes
  • ZA4757_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 698 KBytes
  • ZA4758_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 634 KBytes
  • ZA4759_q_be.pdf (Questionnaire) 1011 KBytes
  • ZA4760_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 753 KBytes
  • ZA4761_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 931 KBytes
  • ZA4762_q_fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 275 KBytes
  • ZA4763_q_is.pdf (Questionnaire) 518 KBytes
  • ZA4764_q_nir.pdf (Questionnaire) 662 KBytes
  • ZA4765_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 650 KBytes
  • ZA4766_q_ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4767_q_lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4768_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 729 KBytes
  • ZA4769_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4770_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 744 KBytes
  • ZA4771_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4772_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4773_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4774_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 941 KBytes
  • ZA4775_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4776_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 871 KBytes
  • ZA4777_q_ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4778_q_mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1015 KBytes
  • ZA4779_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4780_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 722 KBytes
  • ZA4781_q_ua.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4782_q_by.pdf (Questionnaire) 989 KBytes
  • ZA4783_q_al.pdf (Questionnaire) 735 KBytes
  • ZA4784_q_am.pdf (Questionnaire) 834 KBytes
  • ZA4785_q_az.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4786_q_ba.pdf (Questionnaire) 710 KBytes
  • ZA4787_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 831 KBytes
  • ZA4788_q_ncy.pdf (Questionnaire) 867 KBytes
  • ZA4789_q_ge.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4790_q_kos.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4791_q_tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4792_q_mk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4793_q_md.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4794_q_me.pdf (Questionnaire) 829 KBytes
  • ZA4795_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 490 KBytes
  • ZA4796_q_rs.pdf (Questionnaire) 705 KBytes
  • ZA4797_q_ch.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4800_q.pdf (Questionnaire) 584 KBytes


  • ZA4751_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4752_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4753_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4754_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4755_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4756_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4757_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4758_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4759_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4760_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4761_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4762_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4763_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4764_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4765_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4766_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4767_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4768_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4769_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4770_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4771_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4772_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4773_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4774_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4775_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4776_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4777_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4778_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4779_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4780_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4781_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4782_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4783_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4784_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4785_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4786_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4787_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4788_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4789_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4790_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4791_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4792_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4793_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4794_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4795_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4796_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4797_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4800_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 6 MBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA4804_Duplicate_Cases.xlsx (Table) 143 KBytes
  • ZA4804_weights.pdf (Remarks) 895 KBytes
  • ZA7503_Method_Information.xlsx (Method Report) 91 KBytes
  • ZA4800_mr.pdf (Method Report) 11 MBytes
  • ZA4800_standards.pdf (Guidelines) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4800_TechnicalReport.pdf (Report) 6 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
EVS 2008: Integrated Dataset
Availability Availability A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation EVS (2016): European Values Study 2008: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2008). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4800 Data file Version 4.0.0,
Study No.ZA4800
TitleEuropean Values Study 2008: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2008)
Current Version4.0.0, 2016-4-15,
Date of Collection27.03.2008 - 15.03.2010
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Gedeshi, Ilir - Center for Economic and Social Studies, Albania
  • Zulehner, Paul M. - University of Vienna, Austria
  • Rotman, David - Belarus State University, Belarus
  • Swyngedouw, Marc - Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
  • Voyé, Liliane - Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
  • Fotev, Georgy - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria
  • Baloban, Josip - University of Zagreb, Croatia
  • Roudometof, Victor - University of Cyprus, Cyprus
  • Rabusic, Ladislav - Masaryk University, Czech Republic
  • Gundelach, Peter - University of Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Saar, Andrus - SAAR POLL, Estonia
  • Pehkonen, Juhani - TNS Gallup Oy, Finland
  • Tchernia, Jean-François - Tchernia Etudes Conseil, France
  • Pachulia, Merab - Georgian Opinion Research Business International (GORBI), Georgia
  • Jagodzinski, Wolfgang - University of Cologne, Germany
  • Voas, David - University of Manchester, Great Britain
  • Gari, Aikaterini - University of Athens, Greece
  • Rosta, Gergely - Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Hungary
  • Jónsson, Fridrik H. - University of Iceland, Iceland
  • Breen, Michael - University of Limerick, Ireland
  • Rovati, Giancarlo - Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Italy
  • Zepa, Brigita - Baltic Institute of Social Sciences, Latvia
  • Ziliukaite, Ruta - Institute of Culture, Philosophy and Art, Lithuania
  • Hausman, Pierre - CEPS/INSTEAD, Luxembourg
  • Petkovska, Antoanela - Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Republic of Macedonia
  • Troisi, Joseph - University of Malta, Malta
  • Petruti, Doru - Institute of Marketing and Polls IMAS-INC, Republic of Moldova
  • Besic, Milos - University of Montenegro, Republic of Montenegro
  • European Values Study - (Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Northern Cyprus)
  • Halman, Loek - Tilburg University, The Netherlands
  • Smith, Alan - University of Ulster, Northern Ireland
  • Listhaug, Ola - Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
  • Jasinska-Kania, Aleksandra - University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Vala, Jorge - University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Voicu, Malina - Romanian Academy, Romania
  • Bashkirova, Elena - Bashkirova & Partners, Russian Federation
  • Gredelj, Stjepan - University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • Kusá, Zuzana - Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovak Republic
  • Tos, Niko - University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Silvestre Cabrera, María - University of Deusto, Spain
  • Lundasen, Susanne - Ersta Sköndal University College, Sweden
  • Joye, Dominique - Swiss Foundation for Research in Social Sciences (FORS), University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Esmer, Yilmaz - Bahcesehir University, Turkey
  • Balakireva, Olga - National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
Contributor, Institution, Role
  • EVS-Service, Köln , GESIS-DAS - Other
  • Staff members of national teams, EVS member countries - Other
  • Brislinger, Evelyn - GESIS-DAS - DataCurator
  • Harzenetter, Karoline - GESIS-DAS - DataCurator
  • Kampmann, Jara - GESIS-DAS - DataCurator
  • Post, Marlies - GESIS-DAS - DataCurator
  • Rokven, Josja - EVS at Tilburg University - DataCurator
  • Sieben, Inge - EVS at Tilburg University - DataCurator
  • Solanes, Ivet - GESIS-DAS - DataCurator
  • Stam, Kirsten - EVS at Tilburg University - DataCurator
  • van de Weijer, Steve - EVS at Tilburg University - DataCurator
  • van Vlimmeren, Eva - EVS at Tilburg University - DataCurator
  • Cziesla, Markus - GESIS-DAS - DataManager
  • Mauer, Reiner - GESIS-DAS - DataManager
  • Müller, Andre - GESIS-DAS - DataManager
  • AO Team, GESIS-DAS - Distributor
  • Topf, Richard - The Centre for Comparative European Survey Data (CCESD) - Distributor
  • GESIS-DAS - HostingInstitution
  • Luijkx, Ruud - EVS at Tilburg University - ProjectLeader
  • Brislinger, Evelyn - GESIS-DAS - ProjectLeader
  • Quandt, Markus - GESIS-DAS - ProjectManager
  • Hauser, Kristina - GESIS-DAS - ProjectMember
  • Kurti, Dafina - GESIS-DAS - ProjectMember
  • Ortmanns, Verena - GESIS-DAS - ProjectMember
  • dara / DataCite - RegistrationAgency
  • IDF - RegistrationAuthority
  • EVS Planning groups: CPD 44 members), EC (10), TG (8), MG (14), European Value Systems Study Group (EVSSG) - Other
  • European Value Systems Study Group (EVSSG) - Other
  • Renovabis and multiple sponsors, EVS countries - Other
  • Executive Committee, EVS at Tilburg University - Supervisor
  • Zenk-Möltgen, Wolfgang - GESIS-DAS (Tools) - Other
  • Müller, Andre - GESIS-DAS (Tools) - Other


AbstractTwo online overviews offer comprehensive metadata on the EVS datasets and variables. The extended study description for the EVS 2008 provides country-specific information on the origin and outcomes of the national surveys The variable overview of the four EVS waves 1981, 1990, 1999/2000, and 2008 allows for identifying country specific deviations in the question wording within and across the EVS waves. These overviews can be found at: Extended Study Description Variable Overview Moral, religious, societal, political, work, and family values of Europeans. Topics: 1. Perceptions of life: importance of work, family, friends and acquaintances, leisure time, politics and religion; frequency of political discussions with friends; happiness; self-assessment of own health; memberships and unpaid work (volunteering) in: social welfare services, religious or church organisations, education, or cultural activities, labour unions, political parties, local political actions, human rights, environmental or peace movement, professional associations, youth work, sports clubs, women´s groups, voluntary associations concerned with health or other groups; tolerance towards minorities (people with a criminal record, of a different race, left/right wing extremists, alcohol addicts, large families, emotionally unstable people, Muslims, immigrants, AIDS sufferers, drug addicts, homosexuals, Jews, gypsies and Christians - social distance); trust in people; estimation of people´s fair and helpful behaviour; internal or external control; satisfaction with life. 2. Work: reasons for people to live in need; importance of selected aspects of occupational work; employment status; general work satisfaction; freedom of decision-taking in the job; importance of work (work ethics, scale); important aspects of leisure time; attitude towards following instructions at work without criticism (obedience work); give priority to nationals over foreigners as well as men over women in jobs. 3. Religion: individual or general clear guidelines for good and evil; religious denomination; current and former religious denomination; current frequency of church attendance and at the age of 12; importance of religious celebration at birth, marriage, and funeral; self-assessment of religiousness; churches give adequate answers to moral questions, problems of family life, spiritual needs and social problems of the country; belief in God, life after death, hell, heaven, sin and re-incarnation; personal God versus spirit or life force; own way of connecting with the divine; interest in the sacred or the supernatural; attitude towards the existence of one true religion; importance of God in one´s life (10-point-scale); experience of comfort and strength from religion and belief; moments of prayer and meditation; frequency of prayers; belief in lucky charms or a talisman (10-point-scale); attitude towards the separation of church and state. 4. Family and marriage: most important criteria for a successful marriage (scale); attitude towards childcare (a child needs a home with father and mother, a woman has to have children to be fulfilled, marriage is an out-dated institution, woman as a single-parent); attitude towards marriage, children, and traditional family structure (scale); attitude towards traditional understanding of one´s role of man and woman in occupation and family (scale); attitude towards: respect and love for parents, parent´s responsibilities for their children and the responsibility of adult children for their parents when they are in need of long-term care; importance of educational goals; attitude towards abortion. 5. Politics and society: political interest; political participation; preference for individual freedom or social equality; self-assessment on a left-right continuum (10-point-scale); self-responsibility or governmental provision; free decision of job-taking of the unemployed or no permission to refuse a job; advantage or harmfulness of competition; liberty of firms or governmental control; equal incomes or incentives for individual efforts; attitude concerning capitalism versus government ownership; postmaterialism (scale); expectation of future development (less emphasis on money and material possessions, greater respect for authority); trust in institutions; satisfaction with democracy; assessment of the political system of the country as good or bad (10-point-scale); preferred type of political system (strong leader, expert decisions, army should rule the country, or democracy); attitude towards democracy (scale). 6. Moral attitudes (scale: claiming state benefits without entitlement, cheating on taxes, joyriding, taking soft drugs, lying, adultery, bribe money, homosexuality, abortion, divorce, euthanasia, suicide, corruption, paying cash, casual sex, avoiding fare on public transport, prostitution, experiments with human embryos, genetic manipulation of food, insemination or in-vitro fertilization and death penalty). 7. National identity: geographical group the respondent feels belonging to (town, region of country, country, Europe, the world); citizenship; national pride; fears associated with the European Union (the loss of social security and national identity, growing expenditure of the own country, the loss of power in the world for one´s own country and the loss of jobs); attitude towards the enlargement of the European Union (10-point-scale); voting intensions in the next election and party preference; party that appeals most; preferred immigrant policy; opinion on terrorism; attitude towards immigrants and their customs and traditions (take jobs away, undermine a country´s cultural life, make crime problems worse, strain on country´s welfare system, threat to society, maintain distinct customs and traditions); feeling like a stranger in one´s own country; too many immigrants; important aspects of national identity (being born in the country, to respect country´s political institutions and laws, to have country´s ancestry, to speak the national language, to have lived for a long time in the country); interest in politics in the media; give authorities information to help justice versus stick to own affaires; closeness to family, neighbourhood, the people in the region, countrymen, Europeans and mankind; concerned about the living conditions of elderly people, unemployed, immigrants and sick or disabled people. 8. Environment: attitude towards the environment (scale: readiness to give part of own income for the environment, overpopulation, disastrous consequences from human interference with nature, human ingenuity remains earth fit to live in, the balance of nature is strong enough to cope with the impacts of modern industrial nations, humans were meant to rule over the rest of nature, an ecological catastrophe is inevitable). Demography: sex; age (year of birth); born in the country of interview; country of birth; year of immigration into the country; father and mother born in the country; country of birth of father and mother; current legal marital status; living together with the partner before marriage or before the registration of partnership; living together with a partner and living with a partner before; steady relationship; married to previous partner; living together with previous partner before marriage; end of relationship; number of children; year of birth of the first child; size and composition of household; experienced events: the death of a child, of father or mother, the divorce of a child, of the parents or of another relative; age of respondent when these events took place; age at completion of education; highest educational level attained; employment status; employed or self-employed in the last job; profession (ISCO-88) and occupational position; supervising function and span of control; size of company. Social origin and partner: respondent´s partner or spouse: partner was born in the country and partner´s country of birth; highest educational level; employment status of the partner; employment or self-employment of the partner in his/her last job; partner´s profession (ISCO-88) and occupational position; supervising function of the partner and span of control; unemployment and dependence on social-security of the respondent and his partner longer then three months in the last five years; scale of household income; living together with parents when the respondent was 14 years old; highest educational level of father/mother; employment status of father/mother when the respondent was 14 years old; profession of father/mother (ISCO-88) and kind of work; number of employees (size of business); supervising function and span of control of father and mother; characterization of the parents when respondent was 14 years old (scale: liked to read books, discussed politics at home with their child, liked to follow the news, had problems making ends meet, had problems replacing broken things); region the respondent lived at the age of 14, present place of residence (postal code); size of town; region. Interviewer rating: respondent´s interest in the interview. Additionally encoded: interviewer number; date of the interview; total length of the interview; time of the interview (start hour and start minute, end hour and end minute); language in which the interview was conducted. Additional country specific variables are included in this national dataset.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Religion and values
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5 Society and culture
  • 5.5 Religion and values


Geographic Coverage
  • Albania (AL)
  • Armenia (AM)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belarus (BY)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Georgia (GE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Kosovo-Metohija (RS-KM), Kosovo
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Moldova, Republic of (MD)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Ukraine (UA)
  • Cyprus (CY), Turkish Cypriot Community
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • North Macedonia (MK)
  • Norway (NO)
UniversePersons 18 years or older who are resident within private households, regardless of nationality and citizenship or language. In Armenia persons 15 years or older and in Finland persons from 18 to 74 years were interviewed. For country-specific information, see ´EVS 2008 Method Report´ GESIS-Technical Reports 2010/10.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
A representative multi-stage or stratified random sample of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older (except Armenia 15+ and Finland 18 to 74 years) was used for the EVS 2008. The net sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) is 1500 respondents per country, except Northern Cyprus and Northern Ireland (with 500 interviews each), Iceland (808), Cyprus (1000), Ireland (1013), Norway (1090), Finland (1134), Sweden (1187), Switzerland (1272) France (random sample: 1501, two additional quota samples: 1570), Germany (disproportional sample East: 1004, West: 1071). For country-specific information, see EVS, GESIS (2010): EVS 2008 Method Report. GESIS-Technical Reports 2010/17. Retrieved from
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
In all countries, fieldwork was conducted on the basis of detailed and uniform instructions prepared by the EVS advisory groups. The EVS questionnaires were administered as face-to-face interviews in the appropriate national language(s). As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI or PAPI was used in nearly all countries. Exceptions are Finland (internet panel) and Sweden (postal survey). The English basic questionnaire was translated into other languages by means of the questionnaire translation system WebTrans, a web-based translation platform designed by Gallup Europe. The whole translation process was closely monitored and quasi-automated documented (see EVS (2010): EVS 2008 Guidelines and Recommendations. GESIS-Technical Reports 2010/16. Retrieved from For country-specific information, see EVS, GESIS (2010): EVS 2008 Method Report. GESIS-Technical Reports 2010/17. Retrieved from
Data CollectorAlbania: Strategic Puls Research, Tirana; Armenia: Marketing Communications, Yerevan; Austria: GFK Austria GmbH, Vienna; Belarus: Belarus State University, Center for Sociological and Political Research, Minsk; Belgium: TNS-Dimarso, Brussels; Bosnia-Herzegovina: PULS doo, Sarajevo; Bulgaria: Market LINKS-Research & Consulting, Sofia; Croatia: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Law, Department of Social Work, Zagreb; Cyprus: CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia; Northern Cyprus: Prologue Consulting, Nicosia; Czech Republic: SC&C spol. s r. o., Prague; Denmark: SFI Survey, Copenhagen; Estonia: SAAR POLL, Tallinn; Finland: TNS Gallup Oy, Espoo; France: Institut de Sondages Lavialle (I.S.L.) Issy-les-Moulineaux; Georgia: GORBI Gallup International, Tbilisi; Germany: BIK MARPLAN Intermedia GmbH, Offenbach am Main; Great Britain: Quality Fieldwork & Research Services, Birmingham; Greece: Metron Analysis S.A., Athens; Hungary: Forsense Piackutató és Stratégiai Tanácsadó Kft., Budapest; Iceland: The Social Science Research Institute, Reykjavík; Ireland: TNS mrbi, Dublin; Italy: C.R.S. Centro Ricerche Sociali -di Marzulli M. & C. S.a.s., Milan; Kosovo: Strategic Puls Research, Pristina; Latvia: Latvian Facts, Riga, Latvia; Lithuania: Baltic Surveys- market and public opinion research company, Vilnius; Luxembourg: CEPS/INSTEAD, Differdange; Macedonia: Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Faculty of Philosophy, Skopje Malta: MISCO international, Malta; Republic of Moldova: Institute of Marketing and Polls IMAS-INC Chisinau, Chisinau; Republic of Montenegro: Strategic Research, Podgorica; The Netherlands: TNS NIPO, Amsterdam; Northern Ireland: TNS mrbi, Dublin; Norway: Statistics Norway, Oslo; Poland: Pentor Research International S.A., Warsaw; Portugal: TNS Euroteste, Lisbon; Romania: The Research Institute for Quality of Life, Romanian Academy of Science (RIQL), Metro Media Transilvania, Bucharest; Russian Federation: Bashkirova and partners, Moscow; Serbia: Strategic Marketing d.o.o., Belgrade; Slovak Republic: TNS SK. S.r.o., Bratislava; Slovenia: University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences Spain: Metroscopia, Madrid; Sweden: Statistics Sweden (SCB), Örebro; Switzerland: M.I.S. Trend S.A., Lausanne; Turkey: SAM Arastirma, Danisma ve Tanitim Hizmetleri A.S. and Bulgu Arastirma ve Halkla Iliskiler Ltd Sti, Istanbul; Ukraine: Kiev International Institute of Sociology, Kiev
Date of Collection
  • 10.07.2008 - 09.09.2008 (Albania)
  • 16.06.2008 - 19.09.2008 (Armenia)
  • 21.07.2008 - 22.10.2008 (Austria)
  • 11.06.2008 - 31.07.2008 (Belarus)
  • 30.04.2009 - 02.08.2009 (Belgium)
  • 12.07.2008 - 31.07.2008 (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
  • 21.04.2008 - 15.06.2008 (Bulgaria)
  • 25.10.2008 - 28.11.2008 (Cyprus)
  • 28.10.2008 - 04.12.2008 (Northern Cyprus)
  • 30.04.2008 - 31.10.2008 (Croatia)
  • 05.05.2008 - 02.11.2008 (Czech Republic)
  • 01.04.2008 - 15.09.2008 (Denmark)
  • 01.07.2008 - 31.08.2008 (Estonia)
  • 09.07.2009 - 15.07.2009 (Finland)
  • 07.05.2008 - 04.09.2008 (France)
  • 21.08.2008 - 30.09.2008 (Georgia)
  • 17.09.2008 - 10.02.2009 (Germany)
  • 12.09.2008 - 16.10.2008 (Greece)
  • 26.11.2008 - 28.01.2009 (Hungary)
  • 07.06.2008 - 31.08.2008 (Ireland)
  • 15.07.2009 - 15.03.2010 (Iceland)
  • 02.10.2009 - 30.12.2009 (Italy)
  • 15.07.2008 - 13.10.2008 (Kosovo)
  • 01.06.2008 - 31.10.2008 (Latvia)
  • 21.07.2008 - 14.09.2008 (Lithuania)
  • 03.05.2008 - 15.12.2008 (Luxembourg)
  • 16.06.2008 - 23.09.2008 (Malta)
  • 03.07.2008 - 13.10.2008 (Republic of Macedonia)
  • 02.07.2008 - 04.10.2008 (Republic of Moldova)
  • 12.11.2008 - 08.12.2008 (Republic of Montenegro)
  • 21.05.2008 - 31.10.2008 (Netherlands)
  • 26.09.2008 - 23.10.2008 (Northern Ireland)
  • 07.04.2008 - 02.09.2008 (Norway)
  • 27.06.2008 - 28.09.2008 (Poland)
  • 26.05.2008 - 31.08.2008 (Portugal)
  • 24.04.2008 - 30.06.2008 (Romania)
  • 28.06.2008 - 26.07.2008 (Russian Federation)
  • 25.09.2009 - 10.01.2010 (Sweden)
  • 08.05.2008 - 06.10.2008 (Switzerland)
  • 14.07.2008 - 31.07.2008 (Serbia)
  • 14.07.2008 - 29.08.2008 (Slovak Republic)
  • 27.03.2008 - 18.06.2008 (Slovenia)
  • 28.05.2008 - 15.07.2008 (Spain)
  • 26.11.2008 - 01.03.2009 (Turkey)
  • 12.07.2008 - 09.10.2008 (Ukraine)
  • 01.08.2009 - 10.03.2010 (Great Britain)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
4.0.0 (current version)2016-4-15 Full data release (update)
3.0.02011-11-20 Full data release
1.0.02010-6-30 First data release
Errata in current version
2011-10-31v46-v60Notification: For several countries a deviation in coding the battery´s items was detected. Some countries seem to have asked item by item while others asked the battery as a block.
2011-10-31v336_3, v344_3, v355_3Notification: Persons in the Turkish national dataset who answered not to have finished "Liseden" (high school) were coded as 210 "general lower secondary or second stage of basic education". For excluding these persons from analysis use code 7920211 "2A: TR - 6 - Liseden ayrıldım".
2012-5-22weight_g, weight_sNotification: Both weights are computed on basis of age and gender. Cases/records with missing values on variable ´year of birth´ and/or gender have got a weight of 0. When applying weights, these cases/records are excluded from analysis, but do remain in the data file.
2016-6-10v370, v370aNotification: Researchers who want to use the ‘size of town’ variable for analyses are kindly asked to carefully check the results due to some inconsistencies we found in some surveys. They may be caused by deviating questions used in a country, by the source of the information (respondent, interviewer, field work institute), or the way of coding the variable (post-coded, further checked and processed, etc.).
2021-5-4Switzerland* Case no. 929 has to be excluded of the dataset
* v342 to v352: for 100 cases answers on partner information are erroneously coded as -3 ´not applicable´.
* V350 and v352: 29 respondents who are married are erroneously coded “-5 other missing”.
2021-5-4v264, v265Russia:Errors in political parties’ coding lead to errors in the placement of political parties on the Left-Right-Scale.
Version changes
Changes between version 4.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2016-4-15Dataset2016-4-15The Azerbaijanian survey is dropped from the current version of the EVS 2008 due to concerns about the data quality. For evaluation, the data and documentation of the national dataset (Azerbaijan, ZA4785) are further available by the GESIS Data Archive. Users who want to analyse the data are kindly asked to carefully check socio-demographic distributions (e.g. age, education, and marital status) indicating problems regarding sample design and fieldwork, respectively.
2016-6-6Dataset2016-4-15In order to prevent the identification of single respondents, specific information is aggregated into coarse categories providing users with less detailed information on respondent´s residence (region of interview, size of town) and occupation (ISCO-variables). For more detailed information, see the variable report and "Further remarks" of the study description.
2016-6-6v370a2016-4-15New variable: v370a - Size of town, collapsed (5 categories: 1+2,3+4;5+6,7,8)
2016-6-6v371c_N1, v371c_N2, v371c_N3, v368c_N1, v368c_N2, v368c_N32016-4-15Related to regional information on NUTS 1, NUTS 2, and NUTS 3 level: Additionally to the variables applying an EVS specific coding frame (numeric NUTS variables), six new variables are included now applying the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (in string format). The new NUTS variables for region where interview was conducted v371c_N1, v371c_N2, v371c_N3 and for region at age 14 v368c_N1, v368c_N2, v368c_N3 correspond to the EVS specific NUTS variables. For more information see Variable Report in section "Data and Documents".
2016-6-6f_dup_ca2016-4-15Additional flag variable (f_dup_ca) marking duplicate records as ‘1 suspicious’. Duplicate records are defined in terms of identity of respondents’ answers to all (almost all) questionnaire items, i.e. excluding technical and constructed variables, or variables that are manipulated/recoded during data processing. Data users are alerted to a closer inspection of the consequences of record duplication in view of their concrete research context. Further information on duplicate cases is given in the Variable Report in section "Data and Documents". Detailed data on detected duplicate records is available here.
2016-6-6doi2016-4-15NEW GESIS administrative variable: doi (Digital Object Identifier)
2016-6-6v106, v1082016-4-15Correction for Croatia: 43 Serbian Orthodox Church members were coded as Other in the harmonized variable instead as Orthodox. ´19103 HR: The Serbian Orthodox Church´ has to be recoded to ´52 orthodox´. ´19103 HR: The Serbian Orthodox Church´ has been recoded to ´52 orthodox´ .
2016-6-6v3702016-4-15Correction for Germany: The coding of the categories 4-7 was incorrect due to a coding error. The categories 4-7 are recoded now to categories 5-8, category 4 has been set to missing.
2016-6-6v371b_N3, v371b_N22016-4-15Correction for Germany 2008: In the German portion regional variables on NUTS 2 and NUTS 3 level were coded incorrectly. The variables have been recoded on basis of the original German data files made available by the national Program Director.
2012-5-22v338, v339ISCO, v339_3, v339_2, v339SIOPS, v339ISEI, v339ESeC, v339egp2016-4-15Correction of filter from v337 to variavle v338: ITALY: In 769 records, variable v338 was coded incorrectly as "3 never had a paid job "instead of "-3 nap". Correction: if value codes “1, 2, 3” in variable v337, code “-3” in v338. After correction: in variables v339ISCO v339_3 v339_2 v339SIOPS v339ISEI v339ESeC v339egp, 275 records are coded as “-3 nap”, instead of 993 records. PORTUGAL: In 730 records, variable v338 was coded incorrectly as "3 never had a paid job", instead of "-3 nap". Correction: if value codes “1, 2, 3” in variable v337, code “-3” in v338. After correction: in variables v339ISCO v339_3 v339_2 v339SIOPS v339ISEI v339ESeC v339egp, 189 records are coded as “-3 nap”, instead of 903 records. GREAT BRITAIN: In 731 records, variable v338 was coded incorrectly as "3 never had a paid job", instead of "-3 nap". Correction: if value codes “1, 2, 3” in variable v337, code “-3” in v338. After correction: in variables v339ISCO v339_3 v339_2 v339SIOPS v339ISEI v339ESeC v339egp 96 records are coded as “-3 nap”, instead of 826 records. SWEDEN: In 741 records, variable v338 was coded incorrectly as "1 employed” or “2 self-employed” instead of "-3 nap". Correction: if value codes “1, 2” in variable v337, code “-3” in v338. After correction in variable v338 “1 employed”=359 records (instead of 965 records), “2 self employed”=23 records (instead of 122 records), “3 never had a paid job”=16 records.
Changes between version 3.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2011-10-31datasetNot all changes from version 2.0.0 to version 3.0.0 are included in the list below. For further changes, please see Variable Report in section "Data and Documents".--
2011-10-31intnoData missing for Spain. 2011-11-20Data has been introduced in the Spanish dataset.
2011-10-31v202_4; age; age_r; age_r2; v335_r; v336_r; v336_4; v336_5; v339_2; v339_3; v344_r; v344_4; v344_5; v346_2; v346_3; v353_r; v355_r; v355_4; v355_5; v357_2; v357_3; v353_r; v377; v378New variables added to integrated data set. For more detailed information see EVS Variable Report 2008, section three.2011-11-20
2011-10-31v240Data for Italy integrated in EVS 2008 although deviation in question wording. Respondents were asked their opinion on ´Homosexual behaviour´ not on ´Homosexuality´ as defined in master questionnaire.2011-11-20Data removed from EVS 2008; country-specific variable IT01 will be created in updated release of National Data Set in mid-2012.
2011-10-31v339ISCO, v339_3, v339_2, v339SIOPS, v339ISEI, v339ESeC and v339egpAlthough some respondents answered "3 never had a paid job" in variable ´v338 employment/self-employment: last job (Q111A)´ they have valid values on variables v339ISCO, v339_3, v339_2, v339SIOPS, v339ISEI, v339ESeC and v339egp.2011-11-20Respondents answering "3 never had a paid job" in variable ´v338: employment/self-employment: last job (Q111A)´ were coded as "-3 not applicable" in v339ISCO, v339_3, v339_2, v339SIOPS, v339ISEI, v339ESeC, v339egp.
2011-10-31v336_3/v344_3/v355_3Persons in the Turkish national dataset who answered not to have finished "Liseden" (high school) were coded as 210 "general lower secondary or second stage of basic education". For excluding these persons from analysis use code 7920211 "2A: TR - 6 - Liseden ayrıldım". --
2011-10-31v10-v25; v28-v43; v69-v86Original Turkish dataset included system misssings (problem of double negation may cause problems in data).2011-11-20System missing from original Turkish dataset were recoded to -5.
2011-10-31v170-v181Response category ´2 not mentioned´ not included in Turkish field questionnaie which caused system missings in original datset.2011-11-20System missing from original Turkish dataset were recoded to -5.
2011-10-31v46-v60Notification: For several countries a deviation in coding the battery´s items was detected. Some countries seem to have asked item by item while others asked the battery as a block.--
2011-10-31v368b_N3/v371b_N3Both variables were erroneously built with a 3-digits code (ISO 3166-1) for country instead of a 4-digits code.2011-11-20Correction of variables by using the correct 4-digits code for country (ISO 3166-1).
Changes between version 2.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2010-9-10all variablesMatching of two missing cases to the Greek data2010-9-10The errata listed below are corrected in data set version 2.0.0. For updates made between release v. 1.0.0 and v.2.0.0 two patches were provided. They are preserved in the Data Archive. Please ask the stuff for access.
2010-9-10weightCorrection of weight for French and Greek data 2010-9-10
2010-9-10versionRenaming of GESIS Archive Version of IDS into 1.0.0 "2010-06-30"´ 2010-9-10
2010-9-10v302Recoding of v302 "sex respondent" of Finnish data into IDS standard categories 1 ´male´ and 2 ´female´2010-9-10
2010-9-10v233 to v252Correction of v233 to v252 (v233, v234, v235, v236, v237, v238, v239, v240, v241, v242, v243, v244, v245, v246, v247, v248, v249, v250, v251 and v252) - Data integration of Danish sub-dataset2010-9-10
2010-9-10v303Recoding of wrong code 1999 into missing value -2 ´na´ of Russian and Northern Irish data 2010-9-10
2010-9-10v334bRecoding of missing values -1 ´dk´ and -2 ´na´ into -3 ´nap´ of v334b for Bulgarian and Swiss data 2010-9-10
2010-9-10v371b_N1, v371b_N2 and v371a_N3Correction of missing regional information for v371b_N1, v371b_N2 and v371a_N3 of German data 2010-9-10
2010-9-10v368b_N1, v368b_N2 and v368b_N3Correction of missing regional information for v368b_N1, v368b_N2 and v368b_N3 of German data 2010-9-10
2010-9-10weightNotification for weight of Azerbaijan. Because of certain distribution of age and gender in sample, certain gender/age groups are highly underrepresented (women over 75 years old). Therfore weighing factor is changing sample size. 2010-9-10
2010-9-10v341a, v348a and v359aRenaming of wrong value labels for v341A 1 ´None´, 2 ´1-9´, 3 ´10-24´ and 4 ´25 or more´ into 1 ´1-9´, 2 ´10-24´ and 3 ´25 or more´2010-9-10
2010-9-10v106_cs, v108_cs, v264, v265, v305b, v307b, v310b, v312b, v343b, v368b_CC, v336_cs, v344_cs, v355_cs, v353W_cs, v353M_cs, v353Y_cs, v368b_N3, v371b_N3, v368b_N2, v371b_N2, v368b_N1, v371b_N1, v376Correction of value labels with country specific special characters2010-9-10
2010-9-10v355Recoding of wild code "18" into -5 ´other missing´ in v355 for Swiss data.2010-9-10
2011-3-15v83Notification of deviant question wording of Q14 ´important in a job´.2011-3-15
2011-3-15weight_cRecode -5 into 1 to combine country specific weight with weight (weight*weight_c).2011-11-20
2011-3-15v374bIllogical answer: "121" in Slovenian Data.2011-11-20
2011-3-15v372Illogical answer in Great Britain: „16.11.2209“ and „02.12.2002“. There are also interview dates before and after official survey period.2011-11-20
2011-3-15v368b_N3, v368b_N2, v368b_N1, v368b_ccAddition of missing information on Nuts3, Nuts2, and Nuts1 level for Iceland.2011-11-20
2011-3-15v355v355: 9 respondents of Swiss data on wild code "18". Cases are recoded into -5.2011-11-20
2011-3-15v136 to v147Change of value labels of v136 to v147 into 1 "very important" 2 "rather important" 3 "not very important".2011-11-20
2011-3-15v353m_ppV353m_ppp was calculated with the CS income variable. In Bulgaria some respondents had score 0, so they got 0 on v353m_pp. To prevent this, they are placed into the same group as the Bulgarians with the lowest income category.2011-11-20
2010-9-10v46 to v60Notification of deviant answer pattern in item battery of Q6 in Northern Cyprus. --
2011-3-15v322Illogical answer pattern: In 110 cases (BE, HR, CZ, FI, FR, DE, IS, IE,IT, RO, SK, SI, ES, SE, TR, UA, MK, GB, NIR) is the year of birth of respondent > year in which firstborn child was born. 2011-11-20
2011-3-15v308Illogical answer pattern: In 27 cases (AZ, HR, NCY, FR, DE, LV, LU, MD, SK, SI, ES, UA) is the year of birth of respondent > year in which respondent came to live in [country]. 2011-11-20
2011-3-15v284 to v294Notification of deviant question wording of Q83 and Q84 . The phrase “feel concerned about” has been translated differently in several field questionnaires, for instance, in some cases it has been translated into “worried about”, in other cases as “involved in”. 2011-3-15
2011-3-15v106_cs, v108_csMoldova: Correction of value label of country specific code 498096 and addition of missing value label of code 499001.2011-11-20
2011-3-15v106In the Norwegian data set hindu is coded as ´5: muslim´, but should be ´6: hindu´.2011-11-20
2011-3-15v1 to v5Correction of the order of variables v1 to v5 in the Swedish data set: v1=v2, v2=v3, v3=v4, v4=v5, v5=v1. 2011-11-20
2011-3-15v106_cs v108_cs v264 v265 v305b v307b v310b v312b v343b v368b_CC v336_cs v344_cs v355_csv353W_cs v353M_cs v353Y_cs v368b_N3 v371b_N3 v368b_N2 v371b_N2 v368b_N1 v371b_N1 v376Correction of value labels with country specific characters: Please download the Unicode patch_2 for correcting the labels in the Integrated Dataset (v. 2.0.0) ZA4800_v2-0-0_patch_2.zip2011-11-20The Unicode patch_2 for correcting the labels in the Integrated Dataset (v 2.0.0) is preserved in the GESIS Data Archive. Please ask the staff for access.
2011-3-15v1-v5; v106; v106_cs; v108_cs; v136 - v147; v308; v322; v353m_pp; v355; v368b_N3; v368b_N2; v368b_N1; v368b_cc; v372; v374b; weight_cPatch and documentation provided for correcting errata as of 2011-03-15 in EVS 2008 Integrated Dataset (v. 2.0.0) ZA4800_v2-0-0_p1_ readme.doc2011-11-20Errata listed are corrected in data set v3.0.0. For updates between v2.0.0 and v3.0.0 two patches were provided. Ask the staff for access.

Further Remarks

NotesThe EVS Integrated Dataset 2008 is offered in two different versions: • The EVS Integrated Dataset 2008, ZA4800 contains de facto anonymised data, i.e. specific information is aggregated into coarse categories providing less detailed information on respondent’s residence and occupation. It is provided for direct download through the GESIS data catalogue free of charge after registration. • The EVS Integrated Dataset 2008 (Restricted Use File), ZA4799 contains complete information, i.e. also data that could not be included in the EVS 2008 ZA4800 because of data protection concerns. Due to the sensitive nature of the data, its usage is subject to specific contractual regulations. The contract allowing for off-site access can be downloaded in section ‘Data and Documentation’ of the study description.
Number of Units: 66281
Number of Variables: 477
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • The EVS Bibliography lists all kinds of publications using EVS data, based on national and cross-national analysis. The bibliography is an easy way to find relevant publications in the field of value studies. Moreover, some enhanced publications with information on the datasets, variables, and syntax codes of the concepts used are available. The EVS Bibliography can be found here.
  • Atlas of European Values: Trends and Traditions at the turn of the Century. Loek Halman, Inge Sieben, and Marga van Zundert, Tilburg University. Leiden, Tilburg: Brill 2012 For further information see EVS webpage
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  European Values Study (EVS)
    The European Values Study 1981-2017 is a large-scale, cross-national and longitudinal survey research program carried out under the responsibility of the European Values Study Foundation. The five EVS waves 1981, 1990, 2008, and 2017 cover a broad range of topics including the main domains of life: work and leisure time, family and sexuality, religion, politics and ethics. The EVS holding includes integrated datasets on every EVS wave and additionally for the waves 1999 and 2008 the national datasets. The current EVS Longitudinal Data File 1981-2017 is based on the four waves and can be easily merged with the World Values Survey (1981-2021) to an Integrated Values Surveys 1981-2021 Data File.