GESIS - DBK - ZA4994

ZA4994: Eurobarometer 72.4 (Oct-Nov 2009)

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  • ZA4994_missing_v3-0-0.sps (Dataset) 3 KBytes
  • ZA4994_v3-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 26 MBytes
  • ZA4994_v3-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 46 MBytes
  • ZA4994_v3-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 24 MBytes


  • ZA4994_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 411 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 90 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 92 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 90 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 184 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_cy-gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 189 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_cy-tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 131 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 149 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 91 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 84 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 83 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 184 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 84 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 87 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 190 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 83 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 89 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 83 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 191 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 145 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 82 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 85 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 146 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 91 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 89 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 90 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 157 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 189 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_mk-mk.pdf (Questionnaire) 143 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_mk-sq.pdf (Questionnaire) 66 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 82 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 146 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 90 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 154 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 85 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 153 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 83 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 131 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 147 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_tr-ku.pdf (Questionnaire) 126 KBytes
  • ZA4994_q_tr-tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 136 KBytes


  • ZA4994_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 4 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 72.4: Globalization, Financial and Economic Crisis, Social Change and Values, EU Policies and Decision Making, and Global Challanges, October-November 2009
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2012): Eurobarometer 72.4 (Oct-Nov 2009). TNS OPINION & SOCIAL, Brussels [Producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4994 Data file Version 3.0.0,
Study No.ZA4994
TitleEurobarometer 72.4 (Oct-Nov 2009)
Other Titles
  • Globalization, Financial and Economic Crisis, Social Change and Values, EU Policies and Decision Making, and Global Challenges (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 72 (Alternative Title)
Current Version3.0.0, 2012-2-3,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR30461.v1, 2012-02-03
Date of Collection23.10.2009 - 18.11.2009
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Papacostas, Antonis - European Commission, Brussels DG Communication, Public Opinion Analysis Sector


AbstractAttitudes towards the European Union. Globalisation. Assessment of the economic and financial crisis, and the EU policy. Topics: 1. Standard trends and attitudes towards the EU: general life satisfaction; assessment of the national and the European economic situation; assessment of the world economic situation; assessment of the personal job situation and the financial situation of the own household; assessment of the situation on the labour market in the own country and the situation in the environment in the own country; assessment of the national situation compared to the average of the European Union countries regarding the economic situation, the situation on the labour market, cost of living, energy prices, quality of life, and the situation of the environment; future expectations in the above fields; most important problems of the country; EU membership of the own country is a good thing; benefits from the own country’s membership in the EU; development of the own country, the EU, and the USA in the right direction; trust in institutions (media, internet, army, national legal system, political parties, national government, national parliament, European Union, United Nations, regional or local authorities, and NATO); positive or negative image of the EU; EU´s main features; knowledge test on the EU institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, Council of the European Union, European Central Bank; confidence in these institutions; attitude towards a European Monetary Union; attitude towards the enlargement of the EU; assessment of the speed of building Europe; the EU´s most important issues; knowledge test about the EU: number of member states, result of the Irish referendum; membership of Switzerland (Split A) and Iceland (Split B) in the EU; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; understanding of the processes of the EU; assessment regarding the consideration of national interests in the EU; assessment of the EU´s growth speed; citizens of different countries share more common characteristics than differences; lack of ideas for Europe; the EU must meet the global challenges. 2. The EU, the world, and globalisation: most important factors for the global influence of a country or of a group of countries; assignment of these factors to the EU; attitude towards globalisation (scale: opportunity for economic growth, increasing social inequalities, demand for global governance, identical interests of the USA and the EU in dealing with globalisation, protects from price increases, peacekeeping, threat to national culture, is profitable only for large companies but not for the citizens, leads to foreign investment in the own country, promotes the development of poorer countries, leading to more openness to other cultures, the EU has sufficient power to defend their economic interests, EU protects its citizens from the negative effects of globalisation (Split A) or enables European citizens to better benefit from the positive effects of globalisation (Split B); globalisation as an opportunity or as a threat to the national economy; comparison of the performance of the European economy with the American, Japanese, Chinese, Indian, Russian and Brazilian economy; preferred orientation of the national society to meet global challenges. 3. Economic and financial crisis: expected worsening or recovery of the economic crisis; expected development of the individual financial situation of the household in the next months; most important actors to combat the crisis; positive or negative associations with the following terms (image): company, welfare state, competitiveness, free trade, protectionism, globalisation, liberalisation, trade union, reforms, public administration, flexibility, competition, security, and solidarity; attitude towards a free enterprise economy (scale: too strong intervention of the state in the lives of the individuals, economic growth prior to environmental protection (Split A) or environmental protection prior to economic growth (Split B), free competition is a guarantee of prosperity); attitude towards a reduction of the value of material possessions; approval of increased development of new technologies; impression of loss of personal purchasing power; expected change in the living conditions of future generations; suspected improvement of the lives of the young generation in the country by emigrating to another country; most important personal values; values that represent best the EU. 4. Subsidiarity: European, national or local level has the most impact on the own living conditions; sufficient consideration of regional interests in decisions of the European Union. Only in EU 27 was asked: awareness of the current Swedish presidency of the EU; awareness of the change of presidency to Spain; optimism for the future of the EU; better protection against the economic crisis by maintaining the old currency; mitigation of the negative impact of the economic crisis by the euro; preferred measures the EU should take to combat the financial crisis (scale: regulation of financial services, surveillance and supervision of financial groups, coordinated economic and financial policies of the EU member states, and the supervision by the EU whenever public money is used to rescue financial institutions); preferred measures to improve the performance of the European economy (Split: different response categories in the closed question); preferred investment and supportive measures of the EU to tackle the crisis; assessment of the potential opportunities of the crisis: (Split A: more easy) (Split B: more difficult) to adopt reforms, pursue reforms for the benefit of future generations, the country needs more reforms in order to be prepared for the future (Split A), the reforms of the country are sufficient to face the future (Split B); attitude towards innovative products; areas in which the EU has an advantage over the United States (research, environmental protection, innovative technologies, health system, education, fighting social inequality, fighting unemployment, fighting discrimination, and entrepreneurship); preference for national decision-making or decisions at EU level in the fight against crime, unemployment and terrorism, taxation, defence and foreign affairs, immigration, educational system, pensions, environmental protection, health, social welfare, agriculture and fishery, consumer protection, research, regional policy, energy, competition, transports, economy and fighting inflation. 5. Political priorities in the EU: priorities for the European Union; priorities to ensure economic recovery and to fight climate change; prior measures to boost sustainable growth; prior measures for the EU to promote civil rights and to stabilize the world; perceived global threats and challenges on which the EU should focus in its relations with the rest of the world; preferred role of the UN in these threats and challenges, and deemed useful cooperation in these points between the EU and the UN. In the member states of the Eurozone was also asked: maintaining the old currency as the most effective protection of the country against the economic crisis. Demography: nationality; age; left-right self-placement; marital status and family situation; age at end of education; sex; occupation; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; financial difficulties during the last year; self-rated social position (scale); internet use (at home, at work, at school). Also encoded was: date of interview; duration of interview; persons present during the interview; willingness to cooperate; city size; region; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Social change
  • International politics and organisations
  • Conflict, security and peace
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Economic conditions and indicators
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.7 Social change
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.3 Conflict, security and peace
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • North Macedonia (MK)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over. In the three candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) and in the Turkish Cypriot Community, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS MRBI, Dublin, Ireland; TNS Infratest, Milano, Italy; Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS GALLUP Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hungary, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Österreichisches GALLUP, Vienna, Austria; TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland; TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS AISA SK, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; Kadem, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; Puls, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; TNS Opinion, Brussels (fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 30.10.2009 - 17.11.2009 (Belgium)
  • 24.10.2009 - 17.11.2009 (Denmark)
  • 30.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Germany)
  • 28.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Greece)
  • 30.10.2009 - 17.11.2009 (Spain)
  • 29.10.2009 - 18.11.2009 (Finland)
  • 28.10.2009 - 16.11.2009 (France)
  • 30.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 30.10.2009 - 14.11.2009 (Italy)
  • 27.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Luxembourg)
  • 29.10.2009 - 18.11.2009 (Netherlands)
  • 27.10.2009 - 13.11.2009 (Austria)
  • 29.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Portugal)
  • 26.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Sweden)
  • 30.10.2009 - 17.11.2009 (Great Britain)
  • 30.10.2009 - 17.11.2009 (Northern Ireland)
  • 26.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Cyprus (Republic))
  • 30.10.2009 - 13.11.2009 (Czech Republic)
  • 23.10.2009 - 16.11.2009 (Estonia)
  • 29.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Hungary)
  • 30.10.2009 - 16.11.2009 (Latvia)
  • 27.10.2009 - 11.11.2009 (Lithuania)
  • 28.10.2009 - 14.11.2009 (Malta)
  • 30.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Poland)
  • 30.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Slovakia)
  • 24.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Slovenia)
  • 29.10.2009 - 09.11.2009 (Bulgaria)
  • 30.10.2009 - 11.11.2009 (Romania)
  • 27.10.2009 - 15.11.2009 (Turkey)
  • 27.10.2009 - 12.11.2009 (Croatia)
  • 02.11.2009 - 14.11.2009 (Turkish Cypriot Community)
  • 27.10.2009 - 02.11.2009 (Macedonia (FYROM))

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
3.0.0 (current version)2012-2-3 Archive edition
2.0.02011-2-10 Archive pre-release
1.0.02010-11-17 Archive pre-release (Embargo subset)
Errata in current version
2013-4-8P7_PT REGION I - NUTS 2(V650)Please notice that NUTSII REGIONS for PORTUGAL are not comparable between Eurobarometer surveys up to EB61 and after EB61. Since 2002 (NUTS version 2003) the region “LISBOA E VALE DO TEJO” is split up and the subregion “Lezíria do Tejo” reinstated to the “Alentejo” Region and the “Médio Tejo” and “Oeste” reinstated to the “Centro” Region. Eurobarometer continues documenting “Lisboa e Vale do Tejo” (Code 3 / NUTS1999: PT13), although the relative frequency of respondents for this category clearly indicates a change starting with Eurobarometer 62 (Oct-Nov 2004) and with the fieldwork takeover by TNS Opinion&Social: approximately 34% until EB 61 and 28% from EB 62 onwards with corresponding changes for the “Centro” Region (Code 2) and - less pronounced - for “Alentejo” (Code 4). This indicates that starting with Eurobarometer 62 category 3 should read “LISBOA” (NUTS2003-2010: PT17) consisting of subregions “Greater Lisbon” and “Peninsula of Setúbal”. Regions “CENTRO” and “ALENTEJO” do not change names but (sub)regional composition and NUTS categories (NUTS2003-2010: PT16 and PT18). The autonomous regions AÇORES (PT20) and MADEIRA (PT30) do not appear anymore after EB61. The regions “NORTE” (PT11) and “ALGARVE” (PT15) remain unchanged.
2013-4-8P7_GR REGION II- NUTS 1 (V671)Starting with Eurobarometer 62 the Northern and Southern Aegean Islands ("Voreio Aigaio" with NUTS2 code GR41 and "Notio Aigaio" with Starting with Eurobarometer 62 the Northern and Southern Aegean Islands ("Voreio Aigaio" with NUTS 2 code GR41 and "Notio Aigaio" with NUTS 2 code GR42) as well as the Ionian Islands ("Ionia Nisia" with NUTS 2 code GR22) are not covered. The documentation for NUTS 1 code 4 is not correct. The data only cover the island of Crete (NUTS 2 code GR43). This has been confirmed by TNS Opinion & Social as of March 26, 2013.
2014-3-14v417 to v430 Variable labels should read "VALUES EU" (values representing the European Union).
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules except QH (United Nations) have been asked in the standard Eurobarometer context. Part of the questions have been asked to EU27 only. The following protocol variables have not been supplied to the archive: P1 - DATE OF INTERVIEW, P2 - TIME OF INTERVIEW BEGINNING, P3 - DURATION OF INTERVIEW, P4 - N OF PERSONS PRESENT DURING THE INTERVIEW, P5 - RESPONDENT COOPERATION and P13 - LANGUAGE OF INTERVIEW.
Number of Units: 30238
Number of Variables: 691
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • TNS Opinion & Social: Standard Eurobarometer 72. Public Opinion in the European Union. This survey was requested and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels: December 2009.
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 348 / Wave 72.4: Menaces et défis mondiaux pour l’Union européenne. This survey was requested and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, December 2010.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.