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ZA5181: CSES Module 3 Full Release

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CSES Module 3 Full Release. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2006-2011)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2015): CSES Module 3 Full Release. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5181 Data file Version 5.0.0,
Study No.ZA5181
TitleCSES Module 3 Full Release
Other Titles
  • Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2006-2011) (Subtitle)
Current Version5.0.0, 2015-12-15,
Date of Collection13.09.2005 - 26.08.2011
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Bean, Clive - Queensland University of Technology, Australia
  • Gibson, Rachel - University of Manchester, United Kingdom (for Australian survey)
  • McAllister, Ian - The Australian National University, Australia
  • Plasser, Fritz - University of Innsbruck, Austria
  • Lengauer, Günther - University of Innsbruck, Austria
  • Kritzinger, Sylvia - Universität Wien, Austria
  • Müller, Wolfgang C. - Universität Wien, Austria
  • Rotman, David - Belarussian State University, Belarus
  • McAllister, Ian - The Australian National University, Australia (for Belarussian survey)
  • White, Stephen - University of Glasgow, Scotland (for Belarussian survey)
  • Meneguello, Rachel - University of Campinas, Brazil (for survey in 2006 and 2010)
  • Young, Clifford - IPSOS-Opinion Brasil, Brazil (for survey in 2006)
  • Melo de Almeida, Alberto Carlos - IPSOS-Opinion Brasil, Brazil (for survey in 2006)
  • Meneguello, Rachel - University of Campinas, Brazil (for survey in 2006)
  • Maia, Marta - Vox Populi, Brazil (for survey in 2010)
  • Gidengil, Elisabeth - McGill University, Canada
  • Fournier, Patrick - Université de Montréal, Canada
  • Everitt, Joanna - University of New Brunswick (Saint John), Canada
  • Nevitte, Neil - University of Toronto, Canada
  • Lagos, Marta - MORI Chile SA, Chile
  • Zakosek, Nenad - University of Zagreb, Croatia
  • Cular, Goran - University of Zagreb, Croatia
  • Linek, Lukás - Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
  • Andersen, Jørgen G. - Aalborg University, Denmark
  • Stubager, Rune - Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Møller Hansen, Kasper - University of Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Ehin, Piret - University of Tartu, Estonia
  • Solvak, Mihkel - University of Tartu, Estonia
  • Paloheimo, Heikki - University of Tampere, Finland (for survey in 2007)
  • Karvonen, Lauri - Åbo Akademi University, Finland (for survey in 2007)
  • Borg, Sami - University of Tampere, Finland (for survey in 2011)
  • Grönlund, Kimmo - Åbo Akademi University, Finland (for survey in 2011)
  • Sauger, Nicolas - Sciences Po, France
  • Weßels, Bernhard - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Germany (for survey in 2005 and 2009)
  • Schmitt, Hermann - Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Germany (for survey in 2005)
  • Rattinger, Hans - Universität Mannheim, Germany (for survey in 2009)
  • Roßteutscher, Sigrid - Universität Frankfurt, Germany (for survey in 2009)
  • Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger - Universität Mannheim, Germany (for survey in 2009)
  • Andreadis, Ioannis - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Chadjipadelis, Theodore - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Teperoglou, Eftichia - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Pang-kwong, Li - Lingnan University, Hong Kong
  • Hardarson, Olafur T. - University of Iceland, Iceland
  • Önnudóttir, Eva H. - Bifrost University, Iceland
  • Þórðarson, Einar M. - University of Iceland
  • Marsh, Michael - Trinity College Dublin (TCD), Ireland
  • Sinnott, Richard - University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland
  • Shamir, Michal - Tel Aviv University, Israel
  • Arian, Asher - The Israel Democracy Institute, Israel
  • Ikeda, Ken´ichi - The University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Yamada, Masahiro - Kwansei-Gakuin University, Japan
  • Nishizawa, Yoshitaka - Doshisha University, Japan
  • Inamasu, Kazunori - The University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Ikstens, Janis - University of Latvia, Latvia
  • Beltrán Ugarte, Ulises - División de Estudios Políticos (CIDE), Mexico
  • Aarts, Kees - University of Twente, The Netherlands
  • Kolk, Henk van der - University of Twente, The Netherlands
  • Vowles, Jack - University of Exeter, United Kingdom (for New Zealand survey)
  • Aardal, Bernt - Institute for Social Research, Norway
  • Sulmont, David - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Peru
  • Martínez, Vania - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Peru
  • Guerrero, Linda L. - Social Weather Stations, Philippines
  • Licudine, Vladymir J. - Social Weather Stations, Philippines
  • Markowski, Radoslaw - Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
  • Grzelak, Pawel - Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
  • Czesnik, Mikolaj - Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
  • Kotnarowski, Michal - Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
  • Barreto, António - University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Magalhães, Pedro - University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Costa Lobo, Marina - University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Comsa, Mircea - Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Gheorghita, Andrei - Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania
  • Stanus, Cristina - Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Vieru, Coca - Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Tufis, Claudiu D. - Romanian Academy, Romania
  • Voicu, Bogdan - Romanian Academy, Romania
  • Voicu, Ovidiu - Soros Foundation Romania, Romania
  • Gyarfasova, Olga - Institute for Public Affairs, Slovakia
  • Butorova, Zora - Institute for Public Affairs, Slovakia
  • Krivy, Vladimír - Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia
  • Tos, Niko - CJMMK, Slovenia
  • Malnar, Brina - CJMMK, Slovenia
  • Kurdija, Slavko - CJMMK, Slovenia
  • Mattes, Robert - University of Cape Town, South Africa
  • Schulz-Herzenberg, Collette - University of Cape Town, South Africa
  • Lee, Nam Y. - Sejong University, South Korea
  • Kim, Wook - Paichai University, South Korea
  • Díez-Nicolás, Juan - Complutense University and ASEP, Spain
  • Jaime-Castillo, Antonio M. - University of Grenada, Spain
  • Holmberg, Sören - University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Oscarsson, Henrik - University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Lutz, Georg - Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Huang, Chi - National Chengchi University, Taiwan
  • Yu, Ching-hsin - National Chengchi University, Taiwan
  • Bureekul, Thawilwadee - King Prajadhipok’s Institute, Thailand
  • Tangkananurak, Tharada - King Prajadhipok’s Institute, Thailand
  • Albritton, Robert B. - University of Mississippi, United States (for Thai survey)
  • Carkoglu, Ali - Koc University, Turkey
  • Kalaycioglu, Ersin - Sabanci University, Turkey
  • Donakowski, Darrell - University of Michigan, United States
  • Lupia, Arthur - University of Michigan, United States
  • Krosnick, Jon - Stanford University, United States
  • Bottinelli, Oscar - Instituto Factum, Uruguay
  • Bottinelli, Eduardo - Instituto Factum, Uruguay
  • Mateo, Nadia - Instituto Factum, Uruguay


AbstractThe module was administered as a post-election interview. The resulting data are provided along with voting, demographic, district and macro variables in a single dataset. CSES Variable List The list of variables is being provided on the CSES Website to help in understanding what content is available from CSES, and to compare the content available in each module. Themes: MICRO-LEVEL DATA: Identification and study administration variables: weighting factors; election type; date of election 1st and 2nd round; study timing (post election study, pre-election and post-election study, between rounds of majoritarian election); mode of interview; gender of interviewer; date questionnaire administered; primary electoral district of respondent; number of days the interview was conducted after the election Demography: age; gender; education; marital status; union membership; union membership of others in household; business association membership, farmers´ association membership; professional association membership; current employment status; main occupation; socio economic status; employment type - public or private; industrial sector; current employment status, occupation, socio economic status, employment type - public or private, and industrial sector of spouse; household income; number of persons in household; number of children in household under the age of 18; attendance at religious services; religiosity; religious denomination; language usually spoken at home; race; ethnicity; region of residence; rural or urban residence Survey variables: most important issues of election; candidates competencies to deal with most important issues; difference who is in power and who people vote for; evaluation of governments performance; party and leader that represent respondent´s view best; sympathy scale for selected parties and political leaders; assessment of parties and political leaders on a left-right-scale; self-assessment on a left-right-scale; differences of choice options; campaign involvement; satisfaction with democracy; party identification; intensity of party identification; respondent cast a ballot at the current and the previous election; vote choice (presidential, lower house and upper house elections) at the current and the previous election; respondent cast candidate preference vote at the current and the previous election; political information items DISTRICT-LEVEL DATA: number of seats contested in electoral district; number of candidates; number of party lists; percent vote of different parties; official voter turnout in electoral district MACRO-LEVEL DATA: election outcomes by parties in current (lower house/upper house) legislative election; percent of seats in lower house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election; percent of seats in upper house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election; percent of votes received by presidential candidate of parties in current elections; electoral turnout; party of the president and the prime minister before and after the election; number of portfolios held by each party in cabinet, prior to and after the most recent election; size of the cabinet after the most recent election; number of parties participating in election; ideological families of parties; left-right position of parties assigned by experts and alternative dimensions; most salient factors in the election; fairness of the election; formal complaints against national level results; election irregularities reported; scheduled and held date of election; irregularities of election date; extent of election violence and post election violence; geographic concentration of violence; post-election protest; electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign; existing electoral alliances; requirements for joint party lists; possibility of apparentement and types of apparentement agreements; multi-party endorsements on ballot; votes cast; voting procedure; voting rounds; party lists close, open, or flexible; transferable votes; cumulated votes if more than one can be cast; compulsory voting; party threshold; unit for the threshold; freedom house rating; democracy-autocracy polity IV rating; age of the current regime; regime: type of executive; number of months since last lower house and last presidential election; electoral formula for presidential elections; electoral formula in all electoral tiers (majoritarian, proportional or mixed); for lower and upper houses was coded: number of electoral segments; linked electoral segments; dependent formulae in mixed systems; subtypes of mixed electoral systems; district magnitude (number of members elected from each district); number of secondary and tertiary electoral districts; fused vote; size of the lower house; GDP growth (annual percent); GDP per capita; inflation, GDP Deflator (annual percent); Human development index; total population; total unemployment; constitutional federal structure; number of legislative chambers; electoral results data available; effective number of electoral and parliamentary parties
Categories Categories
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Elections
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.7 Elections


Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belarus (BY)
  • Brazil (BR)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Chile (CL)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hong Kong (HK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Mexico (MX)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Peru (PE)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • South Africa (ZA)
  • Korea, Republic of (KR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Taiwan (TW)
  • Thailand (TH)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • United States of America (US)
  • Uruguay (UY)
UniverseThe universe differs across countries. In most countries it includes eligible voters or residents aged 18 or older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Sampling procedures differ across countries. In most cases multistage stratified cluster sampling or stratified systematic random sampling was used. Detailed information on sampling for most countries is available in the codebook.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Individual level: Modes of data collection differ across countries. A standardized questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews, telephone interviews or as fixed form self-administered questionnaire. District level: Aggregation of official electoral statistics. Country level: Expert survey using fixed form self-administered questionnaire.
Data CollectorAustralia: The Australian Social Science Date Archives, The Australian National Univesity; Austria: GfK-Austria, Wien; Belarus: Centre for Social and Political Research at the Belarussian State University, Minsk; Brazil: IPSOS-Opinion Brasil, Sao Paulo (2006) and Vox Opinião Pesquisa e Projetos (2010); Canada: Institute for Social Research (Canada outside Quebec) at York University, Toronto, and Jolicoeur & Associés (Quebec), Montreal; Chile: MORI Chile SA, Santiago; Croatia: Puls, Split; Czech Republic: CVVM (Center for public opinion research) at the Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague (2006 and 2010); Denmark: TNS Gallup A/S; Estonia: Saar Poll OÜ, Tallinn; Finland: Taloustutkimus, Helsinki (2007 and 2011); France: TNS SOFRES, Montrouge Cedex; Germany: Infratest dimap, Berlin (2005) and BIK MARPLAN Intermedia, Offenbach (2009); Greece: OPINION SA, Athens; Hong Kong: Public Governance Programme, Lingnan University, Tuen Mun; Iceland: Miðlun, Reykjavik (2007) and Research Center / Bifrost University, Borganes (2009); Ireland: ESRI Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin; Israel: Mahshov, Tel Aviv; Japan: CRS Central Research Service: Chuou Chosa Co, Tokyo; Latvia: TNS Latvia, Riga; Mexico: CAMPO, S.C., Sta Cruz Atoyac (2006 and 2009); The Netherlands: Statistics Netherlands, Heerlen (2006 and 2010); New Zealand: Kinetic 121, Wellington; Norway: STATISTICS NORWAY, Oslo (2005 and 2009); Peru: Instituto de Opinión Pública de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, San Miguel - Lima; Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Quezon City; Poland: The Public Opinion Research Center (CBOS), Warsaw (2005), and PBS DGA, Sopot (2007); Portugal: Motivação, Lisboa; Romania: Gallup Organization Romania, Bucarest; Slovakia: TNS Slovakia, Bratislava; Slovenia: CJMMK, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences; South Africa: Citizen Surveys, Woodstock; South Korea: Korean Social Science Data Center, Seoul; Spain: ASEP SA, Madrid; Sweden: Statistics Sweden, Örebro; Switzerland: LINK Institut, Luzern; Taiwan: Election Study Center, National Chengchi University, Taipei City; Thailand: King Prajadhipok’s Institute, Nonthaburi; Turkey: Infakto Research Workshop, Istanbul; United States: RTI International, Durham; Uruguay: Instituto Faktum
Date of Collection
  • 23.11.2007 - 14.03.2008 (Australia)
  • 05.05.2009 - 02.07.2009 (Austria)
  • 02.02.2009 - 24.02.2009 (Belarus)
  • 17.12.2006 - 27.12.2006 (Brazil (post))
  • 04.11.2010 - 20.11.2010 (Brazil (post))
  • 15.10.2008 - 23.12.2008 (Canada (Pre-Election and Post-Election Study))
  • 26.12.2009 - 07.01.2010 (Chile)
  • 10.03.2008 - 03.04.2008 (Croatia)
  • 09.06.2006 - 21.06.2006 (Czech Republic)
  • 31.05.2010 - 18.06.2010 (Czech Republic)
  • 21.11.2007 - 12.06.2008 (Denmark)
  • 07.03.2011 - 25.03.2011 (Estonia)
  • 20.03.2007 - 23.04.2007 (Finland (post))
  • 04.04.2011 - 28.05.2011 (Finland (post))
  • 18.06.2007 - 07.07.2007 (France)
  • 21.09.2005 - 05.10.2005 (Germany (post))
  • 28.09.2009 - 23.11.2009 (Germany (post))
  • 10.12.2009 - 18.12.2009 (Greece)
  • 03.11.2008 - 30.11.2008 (Hong Kong)
  • 02.06.2007 - 22.08.2007 (Iceland (post))
  • 07.05.2009 - 31.08.2009 (Iceland (post))
  • 10.05.2007 - 02.11.2007 (Ireland)
  • 17.07.2006 - 28.07.2006 (Israel)
  • 31.07.2007 - 13.08.2007 (Japan)
  • 16.10.2010 - 07.11.2010 (Latvia)
  • 23.07.2006 - 02.08.2006 (Mexico (post))
  • 12.07.2009 - 23.07.2009 (Mexico (post))
  • 23.11.2006 - 04.01.2007 (Netherlands (Pre-Election and Post-Election Study))
  • 10.06.2010 - 22.07.2010 (Netherlands (Pre-Election and Post-Election Study))
  • 10.11.2008 - 27.02.2009 (New Zealand)
  • 13.09.2005 - 20.12.2005 (Norway (post))
  • 15.09.2009 - 04.02.2010 (Norway (post))
  • 30.04.2011 - 03.05.2011 (Peru)
  • 25.06.2010 - 28.06.2010 (Philippines)
  • 08.11.2007 - 01.12.2007 (Poland (post))
  • 27.09.2005 - 08.10.2005 (Poland (post))
  • 01.10.2009 - 08.02.2010 (Portugal)
  • 07.12.2009 - 20.12.2009 (Romania)
  • 18.06.2010 - 20.07.2010 (Slovakia)
  • 17.03.2008 - 25.04.2008 (Slovenia)
  • 02.10.2009 - 04.11.2009 (South Africa)
  • 10.04.2008 - 21.04.2008 (South Korea)
  • 11.04.2008 - 21.04.2008 (Spain)
  • 18.09.2006 - 31.10.2006 (Sweden)
  • 22.10.2007 - 31.12.2007 (Switzerland)
  • 06.2008 - 09.2008 (Taiwan)
  • 09.01.2008 - 31.01.2008 (Thailand)
  • 21.07.2011 - 26.08.2011 (Turkey)
  • 05.11.2008 - 21.12.2008 (United States (Pre-Election and Post-Election Study))
  • 13.08.2010 - 31.08.2010 (Uruguay)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
5.0.0 (current version)2015-12-15 Full Release
4.0.02014-2-17 Full Release
Errata in current version
2014-2-17For information on Errata and Version History, please go to the CSES Website, CSES Module 3: 2006-2011, Errata
Version changes
Changes between version 4.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2014-1-23For information on Errata and Version History, please go to the CSES Website, CSES Module 3: 2006-2011, Errata--

Further Remarks

NotesInformation on funders These materials are based on work supported by the American National Science Foundation ( under grants SES-0451598, SES-0817701, and SES-1154687, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, the governments of several German Länder, the University of Michigan, in-kind support of participating election studies, the many organizations that sponsor planning meetings and conferences, and the many organizations that fund election studies by CSES collaborators. Disclaimer Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in these materials are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding organizations. Further country-specific documentation Field questionnaires, macro reports, and design reports are provided for download on the website CSES Module 3 Election Study Archive
Number of Units: 80163
Number of Variables: 448
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata, SAS, R


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES)
    CSES is a collaborative program of research among election study teams from around the world. The research program as well as the questionnaire and the study design are developed by an international committee of leading social researchers. Participating countries include a common module of survey questions in their post-election studies. The data contain information on individual choice behavior, demographics, the constituencies, the national election results and the political systems. The studies are then merged into a single, free, public dataset for use in comparative study and cross-level analysis.