GESIS - DBK - ZA5597

ZA5597: Eurobarometer 77.1 (2012)

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  • ZA5597_missing_v3-0-0.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA5597_v3-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 34 MBytes
  • ZA5597_v3-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 64 MBytes
  • ZA5597_v3-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 35 MBytes


  • ZA5597_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 432 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 84 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 86 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 84 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 175 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 179 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 146 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 85 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 78 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 79 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 178 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 79 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 81 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 187 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 78 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 85 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 77 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 181 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 135 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 77 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 80 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 142 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 85 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 83 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 82 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 149 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 182 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 77 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 140 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 82 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 150 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 81 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 151 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 78 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 128 KBytes
  • ZA5597_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 145 KBytes


  • ZA5597_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 6 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 77.1 (Feb-Mar 2012) Robotics, Civil Protection, Humanitarian Aid, Smoking Habits, and Multilingualism
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2014): Eurobarometer 77.1 (2012). TNS OPINION & SOCIAL, Brussels [Producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5597 Data file Version 3.0.0,
Study No.ZA5597
TitleEurobarometer 77.1 (2012)
Other Titles
  • Robotics, Civil Protection, Humanitarian Aid, Smoking Habits, and Multilingualism (Subtitle)
Current Version3.0.0, 2014-11-24,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR34569.v1 , 2.0.0
Date of Collection25.02.2012 - 12.03.2012
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication (COMM.A.1 ´Research and Speechwriting´)


AbstractSince the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules are included: 1. Public attitudes towards robots, 2. Civil protection within the European Union, 3. Humanitarian aid, 4. Public health / smoking habits, 5. Multilingualism. Topics: 1. Public attitudes towards robots: interest in science and technology; personal representation of a robot (image rating); use robots at home or at work; image of robots; attitudes towards robots (scale: good for society, destroy jobs, do heavy or dangerous jobs, technology that requires careful handling, the widespread use of robots can boost job opportunities in the EU); preferred areas of application for robots; areas from which robots should be banned; feelings about selected applications of robots (surgery on people, walking the dog, assistance at work, caring for children and elderly parents); expected point in time when robots do house work. 2. Civil protection within the European Union: concern about natural disasters or man-made disasters (oil spills, terrorism, armed conflicts); advocacy of obligation for EU member states to establish disaster management plans; Knowledge of EU as a coordinating body for civil protection in Europe and in other regions; greater effectiveness in dealing with disasters through coordinated EU action; not all countries have adequate resources for disaster management; Need for an EU policy on civil protection; more cost-effective concentration of resources for civil protection in the EU; claim for a universal humanitarian intervention of experts and institutions of the EU in natural disasters; self-rated knowledge of EU activities in civil protection; preferred sources of information about the civil defense policy of the EU. 3. Humanitarian aid: knowledge of humanitarian aid by the EU; importance of financial support for humanitarian aid by the EU; greater effectiveness of humanitarian aid coordination by the European Commission or by each individual member state; attitude towards EU humanitarian aid despite the economic crisis; self-rated knowledge of humanitarian activities of the EU and preferred sources of information; attitudes towards establishment a ´European Voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps´. 4. Public health / smoking habits: smoking status; awareness of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes); health hazards of electronic cigarettes; frequency of smoking (water pipe, oral tobacco, electronic cigarettes, and smokeless cigarettes); smokers or former smokers were asked: age at starting smoking or at the start of regular smoking and reasons for smoking; frequency of consumption of boxed or hand-rolled cigarettes, cigars and pipe; average daily cigarette consumption; importance of selected criteria for choosing the brand of cigarettes (price, packaging, tobacco flavor, special brand, specific flavors such as menthol, levels of tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide); ask all: presence of smokers when you visit a bar or restaurant; frequency of passive smoking at the workplace; only smokers ware asked: Trying to quit smoking; used methods for smoking cessation; supporting factors for the decision to quit smoking; purchase of tobacco products: trivializing characteristics of cigarette brands; smokers or former smokers were asked: personal shopping places for tobacco products; purchase of tobacco products from vending machines; purchase of tobacco products abroad; reasons for buying abroad; proportion of tobacco products bought abroad from annual tobacco consumption; attitudes towards: a ban of tobacco advertising in shops, removal of tobacco products from the visible sales area, prohibition of sale of tobacco products on the Internet and through vending machines, health warnings on packages of tobacco products, prohibition of flavors that make tobacco products more attractive, prohibition of colors, logos and advertising elements on packaging, tax increases on tobacco products security features on packages to limit sales of smuggled or counterfeit products; Impact of health warnings on tobacco packaging to the personal smoking behavior (only smokers or former smokers); health warnings on tobacco packaging protect young people from smoking. 5. Multilingualism: most useful languages for personal development and for the future of children; most important advantages of language skills; experience of language acquisition during last 2 years; personally used methods and devices for learning a foreign language; most effective method; reasons not to learn a foreign language; factors increasing personal willingness to learn a foreign language; claim for a single language for European institutions; linguistic requirements for all EU citizens: a common language, knowledge of one or more foreign languages besides the mother tongue; preference for foreign films and programs with subtitles; equal treatment of all languages spoken in the EU languages; improving language skills should be a policy priority; mother tongue; foreign languages spoken and self-rated proficiency; frequency of use of language skills and scope; knowledge of foreign languages for the reception of messages, newspaper and online communication; importance of selected areas of application for the translation (personal daily life, information on worldwide events, leisure activities and movies, medical leaflets, authorities access, formation, job search). Demography: nationality, family situation; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; degree of urbanization; number of persons in the household aged 15 years; number of children in household less 10 years and 10 to 14 years; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; have durable goods (entertainment electronics, Internet connection, have a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for; financial difficulties last year; self-rated social position (scale); Internet use (at home or at work). Also encoded was: date of interview; interview start; interview; presence of third parties during the interview; cooperation of respondent.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Technology, Energy
  • Medicine
  • Education, School Systems
  • Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
  • Language and linguistics
  • International politics and organisations
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 7 Health
  • 7.1 Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
  • 9.3 Language and linguistics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 18 Science and technology


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Ipsos MRBI, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Infratest, Milan, Italy; Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS GALLUP Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Österreichisches GALLUP, Vienna, Austria; TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland; TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; TNS Opinion & Social, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 25.02.2012 - 12.03.2012 (All)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Belgium)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Denmark)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Germany)
  • 25.02.2012 - 10.03.2012 (Greece)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Spain)
  • 25.02.2012 - 12.03.2012 (Finland)
  • 25.02.2012 - 07.03.2012 (France)
  • 25.02.2012 - 09.03.2012 (Ireland)
  • 25.02.2012 - 08.03.2012 (Italy)
  • 25.02.2012 - 10.03.2012 (Luxembourg)
  • 25.02.2012 - 08.03.2012 (Netherlands)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Austria)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Portugal)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Sweden)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Great Britain)
  • 25.02.2012 - 10.03.2012 (Northern Ireland)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Cyprus (Republic))
  • 25.02.2012 - 07.03.2012 (Czech Republic)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Estonia)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Hungary)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Latvia)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Lithuania)
  • 25.02.2012 - 09.03.2012 (Malta)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Poland)
  • 25.02.2012 - 11.03.2012 (Slovakia)
  • 25.02.2012 - 09.03.2012 (Sovenia)
  • 25.02.2012 - 05.03.2012 (Bulgaria)
  • 25.02.2012 - 07.03.2012 (Romania)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
3.0.0 (current version)2014-11-24 Archive edition
2.0.02012-10-25 Archive Pre-Release - Embargo Update
1.0.02012-9-10 1st Archive Pre-Release
Errata in current version
2013-4-9P7PT REGIONS PORTUGALStarting with Eurobarometer 62 the NUTS 2 REGIONS for PORTUGAL have changed. In accordance with the official EUROSTAT NUTS 2 version 2003 the region “LISBOA E VALE DO TEJO” is split up and the subregion “Lezíria do Tejo” reinstated to the “Alentejo” Region; “Médio Tejo” and “Oeste” are reinstated to the “Centro” Region. The documentation for P7PT code 3 “Lisboa e Vale do Tejo” is not correct and should read “LISBOA” (NUTS2003-2010: PT17). Regions “CENTRO” and “ALENTEJO” do not change names but regional coverage (NUTS2003-2010: PT16 and PT18). The regions “NORTE” (PT11) and “ALGARVE” (PT15) remain unchanged. Starting with Eurobarometer 62 the autonomous regions AÇORES (PT20) and MADEIRA (PT30) are not covered anymore. This has been confirmed by TNS Opinion & Social as of March 26, 2013.
2013-4-9P7rEL COMBINED REGIONS GREECEStarting with Eurobarometer 62 the Northern and Southern Aegean Islands ("Voreio Aigaio" with NUTS 2 code GR41 and "Notio Aigaio" with NUTS 2 code GR42) as well as the Ionian Islands ("Ionia Nisia" with NUTS 2 code GR22) are not covered. The documentation for P7rEL code 4 is not correct. The data only cover the island of Crete (NUTS 2 code GR43). This has been confirmed by TNS Opinion & Social as of March 26, 2013.
2016-7-28p7at, p7at_rPlease notice that value label for code 6 in p7at should read "Kaernten (Carinthia)". As confirmed by TNS, the addition of Osttirol (Eastern Tyrol) as suggested by the original value label is not correct. Herewith the variable p7at corresponds to the NUTS 2 classification for Austria. Variables labels should read: p7at “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 2” and p7at_r “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 1”. The value labels and variable labels and the corresponding documentation will be corrected with the next update.
2016-7-28nutsPlease notice that value label for code AT21 for Austria should read "Kaernten (Carinthia)". As confirmed by TNS, the addition of Osttirol (Eastern Tyrol) as suggested by the original value label is not correct. The value label and the corresponding documentation will be corrected with the next update.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesModule QD on ´smoking habits´ is largely based on Eurobarometer 72.3 [ZA4997]. Module QE on ´foreign languages´ largely replicates questions asked in Eurobarometer 64.3 [ZA4415] and in Eurobarometer 54 Special ´Languages´ [ZA3389]. d8 (AGE EDUCATION): Please note that the coding instruction in the Portuguese field questionnaire does not show any deviant specification, therefore no data correction is carried out for Portuguese data. The documentation will be adjusted accordingly with the next update.
Number of Units: 26751
Number of Variables: 1099
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 383 / Wave 77.1: Civil Protection. Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, June 2012.
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 384 / Wave 77.1: Humanitarian Aid. Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels, June 2012.
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 385 / Wave 77.1: Attitudes of Europeans Towards Tobacco. Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Health and Consumers and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, May 2012.
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 386 / Wave 77.1: Europeans and their languages. Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Education and Culture, Directorate-General for Translation and Directorate-General for Interpretation and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, June 2012.
  • Pádraig Ó’Riagáin: Measures of language proficiency in national and multinational surveys: A methodological comparison. Poster presented at the Eurobarometer Symposium at GESIS, Cologne, 10 July 2015. []
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.