GESIS - DBK - ZA5777

ZA5777: Flash Eurobarometer 342 (Small and Medium Enterprises, Resource Efficiency and Green Markets, wave 1)

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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2014): Flash Eurobarometer 342 (Small and Medium Enterprises, Resource Efficiency and Green Markets, wave 1). TNS Political&Social [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5777 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA5777
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 342 (Small and Medium Enterprises, Resource Efficiency and Green Markets, wave 1)
Current Version1.0.0, 2014-4-3,
Date of Collection24.01.2012 - 09.02.2012
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication COMM A1 ´Research and Speechwriting´


AbstractSmall and medium enterprises, resource efficiency, and green markets. Topics: company’s activities with regard to environmental legislation; reasons for not going beyond environmental legislation requirements; actions undertaken to improve resource efficiency: saving water, saving energy, using predominantly renewable energy, saving materials, minimizing waste, selling of scrap material, recycling, designing products easy to maintain, repair, or reuse; actions to be implemented in the next two years; main reasons for undertaking actions for more resource efficiency; impact of actions on production costs over the past two years; average investment per year on resource efficiency actions over the past two years; use of one of the following environmental management systems: EMAS, ISO 14001, ISO 14064, ISO 16000, national or regional environmental management system; reasons for using or not using an environmental management system; activities of the company regarding public procurement contracts that included environmental requirements; difficulties experienced with regard to environmental requirements in bidding for public procurement tenders: complying with environmental requirements, resulting costs, providing compliance administratively; most important difficulty; type of external support received; satisfaction with level of public support for company’s environmental actions; kind of received EU support; difficulties encountered when trying to set up resource efficiency actions: complexity of administrative or legal procedures, difficulty to adapt environmental legislation to own company, technical requirements of legislation not up to date, choosing right environmental actions for own company, cost of environmental actions, lack of environmental expertise; most effective policy measures to promote energy efficiency; green products or services offered by company; area and kind of green products or services offered; percentage of the company’s turnover in the last fiscal year coming from green products or services; time when company started selling green products or services; main reasons for offering or not offering green products or services; main markets for green products or services; types of external support for the production of green products or services; satisfaction with level of public support for company’s green products or services; most helpful types of support to launch or to expand range of green products or services; number of full time employees in the company working in green jobs some or all of the time; expected number of employees working in green jobs in two years’ time. Demography: company sector; number of employees; year of company establishment; development of turnover in the last two years; total turnover in 2011; direct selling to final consumers. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; NACE-Code; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • Work and Industry
  • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
Topics Topics
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 8.2 Business/industrial management and organisation


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • United States (US)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Albania (AL)
  • Liechtenstein (LI)
  • Norway (NO)
UniverseBusinesses employing one or more persons in the Manufacturing (NACE category C), Retails (NACE category G), Services (NACE categories H/I/J/K/L/M) and Industry (NACE categories B/D/E/F) sectors.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Non-probality Sample: Quota Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; IMS Millward Brown, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia S.A., Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS Dimarso, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International Ltd, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; TNS Austria, Vienna, Austria (Austria and Liechtenstein); TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland; TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS AISA Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS SIFO, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; Capacent ehf, Reykjavik, Iceland; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade (Montenegro and Serbia); TNS Teleseker, Tel Aviv, Israel IDRA, Tirana, Albania; TNS Custom Research, New York, United States TNS Political & Social, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 24.01.2012 - 02.02.2012 (Belgium)
  • 24.01.2012 - 30.01.2012 (Bulgaria)
  • 24.01.2012 - 02.02.2012 (Czech Republic)
  • 24.01.2012 - 08.02.2012 (Denmark)
  • 24.01.2012 - 07.02.2012 (Germany)
  • 24.01.2012 - 30.01.2012 (Estonia)
  • 24.01.2012 - 07.02.2012 (Greece)
  • 24.01.2012 - 07.02.2012 (Spain)
  • 24.01.2012 - 08.02.2012 (France)
  • 24.01.2012 - 07.02.2012 (Ireland)
  • 24.01.2012 - 09.02.2012 (Italy)
  • 24.01.2012 - 30.01.2012 (Rep. of Cyprus)
  • 24.01.2012 - 01.02.2012 (Latvia)
  • 24.01.2012 - 03.02.2012 (Luxembourg)
  • 24.01.2012 - 30.01.2012 (Hungary)
  • 24.01.2012 - 07.02.2012 (Malta)
  • 24.01.2012 - 27.01.2012 (Lithuania)
  • 24.01.2012 - 06.02.2012 (Netherlands)
  • 24.01.2012 - 30.01.2012 (Austria)
  • 24.01.2012 - 03.02.2012 (Poland)
  • 24.01.2012 - 03.02.2012 (Portugal)
  • 24.01.2012 - 01.02.2012 (Romania)
  • 24.01.2012 - 26.01.2012 (Slovenia)
  • 24.01.2012 - 30.01.2012 (Slovakia)
  • 24.01.2012 - 08.02.2012 (Finland)
  • 24.01.2012 - 02.02.2012 (Sweden)
  • 24.01.2012 - 02.02.2012 (United Kingdom)
  • 24.01.2012 - 30.01.2012 (Croatia)
  • 25.01.2012 - 09.02.2012 (Turkey)
  • 24.01.2012 - 01.02.2012 (Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia)
  • 24.01.2012 - 03.02.2012 (Iceland)
  • 24.01.2012 - 08.02.2012 (Norway)
  • 24.01.2012 - 07.02.2012 (Rep. of Serbia)
  • 24.01.2012 - 09.02.2012 (Israel)
  • 30.01.2012 - 09.02.2012 (Albania)
  • 25.01.2012 - 07.02.2012 (Montenegro)
  • 24.01.2012 - 30.01.2012 (Liechtenstein)
  • 25.01.2012 - 07.02.2012 (United States)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2014-4-3 Archive release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 13167
Number of Variables: 249
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission; TNS Political & Social: Flash Eurobarometer 342: SMEs, Resource Efficiency and Green Markets Conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry. Survey co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, March 2012 []
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Manager samples and enterprise issues : Innovation