GESIS - DBK - ZA5789

ZA5789: Flash Eurobarometer 354 (Entrepreneurship in the EU and Beyond)

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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, BrusselsDG CommunicationCOMM A1 ´Research and Speechwriting´ (2013): Flash Eurobarometer 354 (Entrepreneurship in the EU and Beyond). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5789 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA5789
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 354 (Entrepreneurship in the EU and Beyond)
Current Version1.0.0, 2013-3-21,
Date of Collection15.06.2012 - 08.08.2012
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication COMM A1 ´Research and Speechwriting´


AbstractAttitudes towards entrepreneurship. Topics: preferred employment status: employed, self-employed; reasons for preferred employment status; preference to work for selected kinds of companies: family business, not family owned business; reasons for preference to work in family business; reasons for preference to work in not family owned business; feasibility to become self-employed within the next five years; reasons for non-feasibility; desire to become self-employed within the next five years; participation in courses about entrepreneurship; attitude towards the following statements on personal school education with regard to entrepreneurship: helpful to develop entrepreneurial attitude, helpful to understand role of entrepreneurs in society, made interested in becoming entrepreneur, has given essential skills; attitude towards selected statements on entrepreneurs: create benefit for society, only think of themselves, are job creators, take advantage of other people’s work; activities in starting a business; considerations with regard to starting a business; current situation in own business; importance of each of the following issues in the decision to start a business: dissatisfaction with previous job situation, appropriate business idea, contact with appropriate business partner, getting necessary financial resources, role model, addressing special needs; reasons for starting own business; preference to set up new business or to take over existing one; most important risks for setting up a business; attitude towards selected groups of people: entrepreneurs, top managers, professions; use of an assumed heritage; importance of each of the following issues with regard to starting a business: lack of financial support, complex administrative procedures, find information on how to start a business, risk of failure, possibility to have a second chance; main sources of income; type of own business: started from scratch, take over from other owner, family business. Demography: age; sex; nationality; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; parents’ occupation; satisfaction with household income; region; type of community; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; household composition and household size. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; type of phone line; country; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Occupation, Profession
Topics Topics
  • 1 Labour and employment


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Brazil (BR)
  • Japan (JP)
  • United States (US)
  • China (CN), Beijing, Shanghai and eight province capitals
  • India (IN), National Capital Territory, four state capitals and one state metropolis (largest city)
  • Beijing (CN-11)
  • Shanghai (CN-31)
  • Delhi (IN-DL)
  • Korea, Republic of (KR)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the 27 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Croatia, Turkey, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Israel, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, India, Brazil and the United States.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Interview
Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview) Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; IMS Millward Brown, Dublin, Ireland; TNS Infratest, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Republic of Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International Ltd, Mriehel, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; TNS Austria, Vienna, Austria; TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland; TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Budapest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS Aisa Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS SIFO, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; Capacent ehf, Reykjavik, Iceland; TNS Gallup AS, Oslo, Norway; Isopublic, Schwerzenbach, Switzerland; TNS Teleseker, Ramat Gan, Israel; TNS MIC, Moscow, Russia; TNS Custom Research, New York, United States; TNS Brazil, Sao Paulo, Brazil; TNS India, Haryana, India; TNS China, Beijing, China; TNS Korea, Seoul, South Korea; Research Freeway, Tokyo, Japan; TNS Political & Social, Brussels (international coordination)
Date of Collection
  • 15.06.2012 - 08.08.2012 (total)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Belgium)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Bulgaria)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Czech Republic)
  • 25.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Denmark)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Germany)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Estonia)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Greece)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Spain)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (France)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Ireland)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Italy)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Republic of Cyprus)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Latvia)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Lithuania)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Luxembourg)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Hungary)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Malta)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Netherlands)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Austria)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Poland)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Portugal)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Romania)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Slovenia)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Slovakia)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Finland)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Sweden)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (United Kingdom)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Croatia)
  • 26.06.2012 - 04.07.2012 (Turkey)
  • 26.06.2012 - 28.06.2012 (Iceland)
  • 26.06.2012 - 29.06.2012 (Norway)
  • 26.06.2012 - 30.06.2012 (Switzerland)
  • 26.06.2012 - 04.07.2012 (Israel)
  • 02.07.2012 - 05.07.2012 (Russia)
  • 15.06.2012 - 12.07.2012 (United States)
  • 04.07.2012 - 08.08.2012 (Brazil)
  • 02.07.2012 - 26.07.2012 (India)
  • 27.06.2012 - 23.07.2012 (China)
  • 27.06.2012 - 20.07.2012 (South Korea)
  • 02.07.2012 - 24.07.2012 (Japan)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2013-3-21 Archive dataset
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 42080
Number of Variables: 329
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission; TNS Political & Social: Entrepreneurship in the EU and beyond. Brussels: European Commission July 2012
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Entrepreneurship