GESIS - DBK - ZA5998
 

ZA5998: Eurobarometer 83.3 (2015)

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Eurobarometer 83.3 (May 2015): Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, European Citizenship, European Union Budget, and Statistical Literacy
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation    European Commission, Brussels (2018): Eurobarometer 83.3 (2015). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5998 Data file Version 2.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13133
Study No.ZA5998
TitleEurobarometer 83.3 (2015)
Other Titles
  • Standard Eurobarometer 83 (Alternative Title)
  • Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, European Citizenship, European Union Budget, and Statistical Literacy (Subtitle)
Current Version2.0.0, 2018-10-30, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13133
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36667.v1, v1-0-0
Date of Collection16.05.2015 - 27.05.2015
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´

Content

AbstractAttitudes towards the EU. Europe 2020. European economy. European citizenship. EU budget. Economic knowledge. Attitude towards statistics. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU: life satisfaction; frequency of political discussions about local, national, and European matters with friends and relatives; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, quality of life in the own country, quality of life in the EU; expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU; assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing (not in EU28 and CY); expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country (not in EU28 and CY); assessment of the development in the own country and in the European Union as positive; trust in selected institutions: national legal system (not in CY), police (not in CY), army (not in CY), political parties, regional or local public authorities (not in CY), national government (not in CY), national parliament (not in CY), European Union, and the United Nations; image of the EU; assessment of the immigration of people from other EU member states and from outside the EU as positive; attitude towards additional measures to be taken to fight illegal immigration from outside the EU on EU level, on national level, or on both levels; meaning of the EU to the respondent; right for EU citizens to live or to work in every member state of EU as a good thing; approval of the following statements on the EU: creates conditions for more jobs in Europe, is responsible for austerity in Europe, makes doing business easier in Europe, generates too much bureaucracy (only in EU28), will emerge fairer from the crisis (only in EU28), makes the financial sector behave more responsibly (only in EU28), makes the cost of living cheaper in Europe (only in EU28), makes quality of life better in Europe, helps tackle global threats and challenges, helps protect its citizens, needs a clearer message, is working for its citizens; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of the members of the European Parliament by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states (only in EU28), further enlargement, common defence and security policy (only in EU28), free trade and investment agreement between the EU and the USA (only in EU28), common migration policy (only in EU28), common energy policy (only in EU28); attitude towards the creation of an EU army; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU (not in CY), EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU (not in CY), more decisions to be taken at EU level (not in CY); optimism regarding the future of the EU. 2. Europe 2020 (only in EU28): likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter, increase of industry’s contribution to the economy to 20% of GDP; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges. 3. European economy: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements: measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed, measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now, EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, use of public money to stimulate private sector investment at EU level; approval of selected measures on EU level with regard to reforming global financial markets (only in EU28): introduction of a tax on financial transactions, introduction of Eurobonds, wage regulation in the financial sector, stricter rules on tax avoidance and tax havens; prioritized objectives in a European energy union (only in EU28): guaranteeing reasonable energy prices for consumers and companies, guaranteeing continuous energy supply, guaranteeing EU’s independence in the field of energy, environmental protection, interconnecting energy infrastructure, fighting global warming, guaranteeing competitiveness of EU’s industry, reducing energy consumption, pooling EU’s negotiating power towards energy providers, developing renewable energy. 4. European citizenship: approval of the following statements (only in EU28): feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity (only in EU28); most positive results of the EU (only in EU28 and CY); most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens (only in EU28); values that best represent the EU; most important personal values; amount of shared values between the member states (only in EU28); expectations regarding the life of future generations in the EU (only in EU28); approval of selected statements: state intervenes too much in personal lives (only in EU28), too much tolerance (only in EU28), immigrants contribute a lot to the own country (only in EU28), people in the own country have a lot of things in common (only in EU28), respondent understands what is going on the world; likelihood to make use of the ´European Citizens’ Initiative´ (only in EU28); most likely political fields to use the ´European Citizens’ Initiative´ (only in EU28); awareness of the European flag; attitudes towards the European flag: good symbol for Europe, stands for something good, personal identification with the flag (only in EU28), should be seen on all public buildings in the own country next to national flag (only in EU28). 5. EU budget (only in EU28): attitude towards an increase in the EU budget given its political objectives; assumed fields on which most of the EU budget is spent; preferred fields to spend most of the EU budget on; EU budget gives good value for money for EU citizens. 6. Economic knowledge and attitude towards statistics: knowledge test on the national economy in 2014 (only in EU28): official growth rate, official inflation rate, development of the inflation rate compared to 2013, official unemployment rate; political decisions are made on the basis of statistical information; trust in national official statistics. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; family situation; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group, weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
Topics Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Stratified Random Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research , Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Kadem, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania; TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 16.05.2015 - 27.05.2015 (total)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Belgium)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Bulgaria)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Czech Republic)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Denmark)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Germany)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Estonia)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Ireland)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Greece)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Spain)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (France)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Croatia)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Italy)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Republic of Cyprus)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Latvia)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Lithuania)
  • 16.05.2015 - 27.05.2015 (Luxembourg)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Hungary)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Malta)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Netherlands)
  • 16.05.2015 - 27.05.2015 (Austria)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Poland)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Portugal)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Romania)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Slovenia)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Slovakia)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Finland)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Sweden)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (United Kingdom)
  • 16.05.2015 - 25.05.2015 (Turkish Cypriot Community)
  • 16.05.2015 - 27.05.2015 (Turkey)
  • 16.05.2015 - 23.05.2015 (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)
  • 16.05.2015 - 24.05.2015 (Montenegro)
  • 16.05.2015 - 26.05.2015 (Serbia)
  • 16.05.2015 - 25.05.2015 (Albania)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2018-10-30 Archive edition https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13133
1.1.02017-6-1 Archive pre-release (update) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12798
1.0.02015-9-30 Archive pre-release https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12356
Errata in current version
DateSubjectDescription
2019-11-29q1_29Please note that in the original data delivery 16 respondents from the Turkish Cypriot Community are coded 1 (Mentioned) in q1.29 (“NATIONALITY: TURKEY”) even though q1.29 should only have been fielded in Turkey. In the dataset at hand the filter instruction had been consistently applied to variables q1.29 to g1.34 and consequently these outliers have been erroneously coded to 9 “Inap. (NOT ASKED IN OTHER COUNTRIES)”.
Version changes
Changes between version 2.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2016-6-2p6trStarting with Eurobarometer 81.3 protocol variable P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has been standardized across countries (except for Germany) applying the following category scheme: 1) Rural area; 2) Towns and suburbs/small urban area; 3) Cities/ large urban area. For TURKEY the data provided by TNS do not match with the new scheme, but appear to match with the five former 5-point scheme: 1) Less than 10.001 inhabitants; 2) 10.001 to 20.000 inhabitants; 3) 20.001 to 100.000 inhabitants; 4) 100.001 to 500.000 inhabitants; 5) More than 500.000 inhabitants. Currently applied value labels in p6tr are not correct and non-matching data are coded to ´99´ (SYSTEM MISSING in the original data set). You might use SIZE OF COMMUNITY data for Turkey included in variable P6 (ALL COUNTRIES) with the “old” 5-point category scheme. 2018-10-30Variable p6tr has been reconstructed by the archive for dataset version v2-0-0 using SIZE OF COMMUNITY data for Turkey included in a former integrated variable P6 (ALL COUNTRIES) with the “old” 5-point category scheme.
2017-8-29p13mkPlease note the reversed coding of p13mk, i.e. respondents who selected the Macedonian questionnaire are erroneously coded 2 ("Albanian") and respondents who selected the Albanian questionnaire are coded 1 ("Macedonian"). The variable will be corrected with the next update.2018-10-30The variable has been corrected by the Archive (recode p13mk (1=2) (2=1)) in version v2-0-0.
2018-8-21w84Please note that variable label for weight w84 should read „ WEIGHT NON-EURO ZONE 18 – EU NMS 12 (EU27)”. The variable label will be corrected with the next update. 2018-10-30variable label corrected
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2016-7-28p7at, p7at_rPlease notice that value label for code 6 in p7at should read "Kaernten (Carinthia)". As confirmed by TNS, the addition of Osttirol (Eastern Tyrol) as suggested by the original value label is not correct. Herewith variable p7at corresponds to the NUTS 2 classification for Austria. Variables labels should read: p7at “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 2” and p7at_r “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 1”. The value label and variable labels will be corrected with the next update.2017-6-1value label and variable labels corrected
2017-5-26w85Please note that variable label for weight w85 should read „WEIGHT EURO ZONE 19 (EU28)”. The variable label will be corrected with the next update. 2017-6-1variable label corrected

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 82.3 [ZA5932] respectively 75.3 [ZA5481] for QE and 72.1 [ZA4975] for QF. Data for protocol variables p1 (date of interview), p2 (time of interview), p3 (duration of interview), p4 (n of persons present during interview), p5 (respondent cooperation), p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available. No p6 (size of community) data have been provided for Macedonia (p6mk).
Number of Units: 32868
Number of Variables: 733
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 83. Spring 2015. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, July 2015.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 83. Spring 2015. Europe 2020. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, July 2015.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 83. Spring 2015. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, July 2015.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 83. Spring 2015. The EU Budget. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, July 2015.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 83. Spring 2015. Europeans and economic statistics. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, July 2015.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.