GESIS - DBK - ZA6266

ZA6266: LEO 2018 - Living with Low Literacy (Public Use File)

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ZA6266 Downloads and Data Access

List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA6266_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 4 MBytes
  • ZA6266_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 4 MBytes


  • ZA6265_fb.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes


  • ZA6265_cod.xlsx (Codebook) 147 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA6265_mb.pdf (Method Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA6265_Nutzungshinweise.pdf (Other Document) 464 KBytes
Availability Availability A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Grotlüschen, Anke; Buddeberg, Klaus; Dutz, Gregor; Heilmann, Lisanne M.; Stammer, Christopher (2021): LEO 2018 - Living with Low Literacy (Public Use File). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6266 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA6266
TitleLEO 2018 - Living with Low Literacy (Public Use File)
Current Version1.0.0, 2021-7-8,
Date of Collection01.03.2018 - 03.09.2018
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Grotlüschen, Anke - Universität Hamburg
  • Buddeberg, Klaus - Universität Hamburg
  • Dutz, Gregor - Universität Hamburg
  • Heilmann, Lisanne M. - Universität Hamburg
  • Stammer, Christopher - Universität Hamburg
Contributor, Institution, Role
  • GESIS Köln - HostingInstitution
  • GESIS Köln - Distributor


Categories Categories
  • Occupation, Profession
  • Family
  • Work and Industry
  • Income
  • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Migration
  • General health and well-being
  • Income, property and investment/saving
  • Employee training
  • Employment
  • Working conditions
  • Language and linguistics
  • Political behaviour and attitudes


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Data CollectorKantar Public
Date of Collection
  • 01.03.2018 - 03.09.2018

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2021-7-8 first archive edition
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe interview on various topics was conducted in German as a Computer Assisted Personal Interview. After the interview, respondents received a competency test in the form of printed test booklets to be completed independently with a pen (pen and paper). The data of the competence measurement are available in the form of plausible values (PVs). When evaluating these data, certain calculation rules must be respected. Information on this can be found in the instructions for use. The data are available as a scientific-use file and a public-use file. Individual variables have been removed or aggregated from the public-use file for data protection reasons. Information on the respective variables can be found in the codebook. The scientific-use file is only available after approval by the project managers.
Number of Units: 7192
Number of Variables: 348
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Bonna, Franziska; Buddeberg, Klau; Euringer, Caroline (2017): LEO-Grundbildungsstudie 2017/2018“, in: Alfa-Forum, 91, S. 32-35.
  • Buddeberg, Klaus (2020): Herausforderungen für die Grundbildung. EPALE. Online verfügbar unter
  • Buddeberg, Klaus; Dutz, Gregor; Heilmann, Lisanne; Stammer, Christopher (2021): Der kritische Umgang mit Informationen und Daten als Bildungsbedarf unter den Vorzeichen von Datenkapitalismus. In: Christian Bernhard-Skala, Ricarda Bolten-Bühler, Julia Koller, Matthias Rohs und Johannes Wahl (Hg.): Erwachsenenpädagogische Digitalisierungsforschung. Impulse - Befunde - Perspektiven. 1. Auflage. Bielefeld: wbv Media (Erwachsenenbildung und lebensbegleitendes Lernen - Forschung & Praxis), S. 55–64.
  • Buddeberg, Klaus; Dutz, Gregor; Stammer, Christopher (2020): Critical digital competencies as a prerequisite to navigate through global flows of information. Findings from a large-scale survey in Germany. In: John P. Egan (Hg.): Proceedings of the Adult Education in Global Times Conference. Adult Education in Global Times. Vancouver, June. University of British Columbia, S. 82–90.
  • Dutz, Gregor (2020): Geringe Literalität und politische Grundbildung: Der Einfluss schriftsprachlicher Fähigkeiten auf die Selbsteinschätzung politischer Grundkompetenzen. In: Zeitschrift für Weiterbildungsforschung 43 (3)
  • Dutz, Gregor; Buddeberg, Klaus; Heilmann, Lisanne; Stammer, Christopher & Grotlüschen, Anke (2019). LEO 2018: Geringe Literalität und politische Praktiken. Alfa Forum, Nr.96, S. 29-34.
  • Grotlüschen, Anke; Buddeberg, Klaus (Hg.) (2020): LEO 2018. Leben mit geringer Literalität. Bielefeld: wbv Media.
  • Grotlüschen, Anke; Buddeberg, Klaus (2019): Geringe Literalität unter Erwachsenen in Deutschland. In: Quenzel, G. und Hurrelmann, K. (Hg.): Handbuch Bildungsarmut. Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS (Handbuch).
  • Grotlüschen, Anke; Buddeberg, Klaus; Dutz, Gregor; Heilmann, Lisanne; Stammer, Christopher (2019): LEO 2018 - Leben mit geringer Literalität. Pressebroschüre. Hamburg. Online verfügbar unter: Grotlüschen, Anke; Buddeberg, Klaus; Dutz, Gregor; Heilmann, Lisanne; Stammer, Christopher (2019): LEO 2018 - living with low literacy. Press brochure. Hamburg. Online verfügbar unter:
  • Grotlüschen, Anke; Buddeberg, Klaus; Dutz, Gregor; Heilmann, Lisanne M.; Stammer, Christopher (2019): Practices and Competencies – Evidence from an Adult Literacy Survey in Germany. In M. Schemmann (Hg.): Internationales Jahrbuch der Erwachsenenbildung / International Yearbook of Adult Education (pp. 17–34). Bielefeld: wbv.
  • Grotlüschen, Anke; Buddeberg, Klaus; Dutz, Gregor; Heilmann, Lisanne; Stammer, Christopher (2020): Low literacy in Germany: Results from the second German literacy survey RELA European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults
  • Grotlüschen, Anke; Nienkemper, Barbara; Duncker-Euringer, Caroline (2020): International assessment of low reading proficiency in the adult population: A question of components or lower rungs? In: Int Rev Educ 108 (1), S. 315. DOI: 10.1007/s11159-020-09829-y.
  • Heilmann, Lisanne; Grotlüschen, Anke (2020): Mehrsprachigkeit und Literalität Erwachsener. In: Ingrid Gogolin, Antje Hansen, Sarah McMonagle und Dominique Rauch (Hg.): Handbuch Mehrsprachigkeit und Bildung. 1. Auflage 2020. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH; Springer VS (Handbuch), S. 267–272.
  • Heimböckel, Anna; Buddeberg, Klaus (2020): Erwachsene mit geringer Literalität in der deutschen Schriftsprache. In: tekom Schriften zur technischen Kommunikation. Band 24, S. 24-36.
  • Smythe, Suzanne; Grotlüschen, Anke; Buddeberg, Klaus (2020): The automated literacies of e-recruitment and online services. In: Studies in the Education of Adults 0 (0), S. 1–19. DOI: 10.1080/02660830.2020.1855870.
  • Wienberg, Jana; Buddeberg, Klaus (2020): Resonanzstrategien im Umgang mit Beschleunigung und Digitalisierung // Jahrbuch Medienpädagogik 17: Lernen mit und über Medien in einer digitalen Welt. In: Medienpädagogik 17 (Jahrbuch Medienpädagogik), S. 33–58. DOI: 10.21240/mpaed/jb17/2020.04.25.X.
Relevant full texts
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  •  Studies of ´Verbund Forschungsdaten Bildung´
    The main function of the ´Verbund Forschungsdaten Bildung´ (an association for educational research data) is to catalog and to save research data and instruments of empirical educational research and to make it accessible via a central platform pooling the range of relevant datasets of the individual data centers. Its members are the three institutes DIPF, IQB and GESIS who were engaged by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Within the association, GESIS is responsible for the quantitative survey and aggregate data of empirical educational research.