GESIS - DBK - ZA6644
 

ZA6644: Eurobarometer 84.4 (2015)

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ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 84.4 (November-December 2015): Development, cooperation and aid, Animal welfare, Tobacco black market, and Nature-based solutions
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2019): Eurobarometer 84.4 (2015). TNS opinion, Brussels [Producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6644 Data file Version 4.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13294
Study No.ZA6644
TitleEurobarometer 84.4 (2015)
Other Titles
  • Development, cooperation and aid, Animal welfare, Tobacco black market, and Nature-based solutions (Subtitle)
Current Version4.0.0, 2019-9-5, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13294
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR36671.v1
Date of Collection28.11.2015 - 07.12.2015
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´

Content

AbstractEU development aid. Animal welfare. Tobacco black market. Nature-based solutions. Topics: 1. EU development aid: importance to help people in developing countries; awareness of 2015 being the European Year for Development; self-rated knowledge with regard to development aid compared to 2014; most important challenges in development countries; attitude towards increasing development aid; willingness to pay more for products from development countries in order to support people living there: no willingness, up to 5 % more, between 6 to 10 % more, more than 10 % more; attitude towards the following statements regarding tackling poverty in development countries: individual can influence the process, should be a main priority of the EU, should be a main priority of the national government, has a positive influence on EU citizens, is in the EU’s own interest, is a moral obligation for the EU, contributes to a more peaceful and equal world, is an effective way to tackle irregular migration; personal engagement in helping developing countries: political engagement, volunteering in an organisation, giving money to an organisation, giving money directly to projects (crowdfunding), no engagement; assessment of selected measures to reduce poverty in developing countries: donating to organisations, volunteering in organisations, official development aid; awareness of the Sustainable Development Goals agreed by the international community. 2. Animal welfare: understanding of animal welfare; importance to protect the welfare of farmed animals; importance to better protect the welfare of farmed animals in the own country; preferred level of decision making about laws regulating the protection of farmed animals in the own country: EU, national, jointly; approval of a legal obligation with regard to the protection of animals for commercial purposes within the EU; responsibility of businesses and / or of public authorities to protect the welfare of farmed animals; willingness to pay more for products from animal welfare-friendly production systems: no willingness, up to 5 % more, between 6 to 10 % more, between 11 to 20 % more, more than 20 % more; desire for additional information on the conditions of the treatment of farmed animals in the own country; awareness of labels on animal welfare-friendly production in purchasing; assessment of the choice of animal welfare-friendly products in shops; assessment of the influence of information campaigns on the attitude of children and young people towards animals welfare; importance to better protect the welfare of companion animals in the own country; attitude towards the following statements on building internationally recognized animal welfare standards: imported products from outside the EU should meet EU standards, importance to establish worldwide standards, EU should do more to promote awareness of animal welfare internationally; best method of guaranteeing that imported animal products respect EU standards: certifications by private companies in exporting countries, certifications by public authorities in exporting countries, certifications by the EU. 3. Tobacco black market: smoking status; offers to buy or smoke black market cigarettes; place of offer; main reasons for smoking black market cigarettes; most important sources of revenue for organized crime; main problems of the black market in cigarettes. 4. Nature-based solutions: Ecological and social problems in living area, benefits and concerns of having more natural features/parks and gardens/green roofs or walls, supporting nature -based solutions, barriers towards nature-based solutions. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership; EU image. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview (only in BE, LU, ES, FI, EE, LV, MT); nation; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • Legal system, Legislation, Law
Topics Topics
  • 5.2 Community, urban and rural life
  • 6.2 Crime
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 8.1 Agricultural, forestry and rural industry
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 16 Natural environment
  • 19.1 Land use and planning
  • 1 Labour and employment

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 28.11.2015 - 07.12.2015

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
4.0.0 (current version)2019-9-5 Archive edition https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13294
3.0.02018-4-26 Archive pre-release (embargo update) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13017
2.0.02016-10-17 Archive pre-release (embargo subset) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12656
1.0.02016-3-14 Archive pre-release (embargo subset) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12489
Errata in current version
none
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2016-3-15p1 to p5No data are made available for protocol items p1 (date of interview), p2 (time of interview begin), p3 duration of interview), p4 (n of persons present during the interview) and p5 (respondent cooperation). 2016-10-14Starting with version 2-0-0 protocol variables p1 to p5 are available.
2016-3-23p7roThe REGION variable for Romania shows an abnormal frequency distribution, in particular for Bucharest. While until Eurobarometer 83.4 the number of cases for Bucharest hovers around 100 (11,7 % if based on weighted data), there are only 16 cases for Bucharest in Eurobarometer 84.4 (4,8 % if based on weighted data). This is not the proportion expected for this NUTS2 region.2016-10-14p7ro, p7ro_r: In the course of a new dataset delivery from TNS the REGION variable for Romania has been corrected for an abnormal frequency distribution. Please note that the number of cases changed for the regions “Sud-Est (South-East)” and “Bucuresti - Ilfov (Bucharest)“ in variable p7ro: 80 former cases from “Sud-Est (South-East)” are now coded for “Bucuresti - Ilfov (Bucharest)“. Accordingly the number of cases also changed for the regions “Macroregion 2” and “Macroregion 3” in variable p7ro_r. As a consequence of this data correction weights referring to Romania have been modified. Please note that official reports and tables may be based on former weights and slight deviations to the current dataset results can exist.
2016-7-28p7at, p7at_rPlease notice that value label for code 6 in p7at should read "Kaernten (Carinthia)". As confirmed by TNS, the addition of Osttirol (Eastern Tyrol) as suggested by the original value label is not correct. Herewith variable p7at corresponds to the NUTS 2 classification for Austria. Variables labels should read: p7at “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 2” and p7at_r “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 1”. The value label and variable labels will be corrected with the next update.2016-10-14p7at, p7at_r: Value label and variable labels corrected

Further Remarks

NotesQuestion module QA on ´Development, Cooperation and Aid´ largely replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 82.1. Question module QB on ´Animal Welfare´ is partly based on the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 66.1. Question module QC on ´Tobacco Black Market´ is newly introduced. Question module QD on “Nature based solutions” is newly introduced, and available starting with version v3-0-0 (embargo update). Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available. Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 (with 84.1 for Germany), the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably. Categories for all countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area - Towns and suburbs/small urban area - Cities/large urban areas). Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia, and Croatia. Please note abnormal frequency distributions due to fieldwork irregularities for the Region variable for Austria (p7at, p7at_r), in particular for Vorarlberg. While the number of cases for Vorarlberg hovers between 46 (4,4% if based on weighted data) in Eurobarometer 84.1 and 44 (4,4% if based on weighted data) in Eurobarometer 84.3, due to fieldwork irregularities there are only three cases for Vorarlberg in Eurobarometer 84.4 (0,3% if based on weighted data). This is not the proportion expected for this NUTS2 region. In the course of a new dataset delivery from TNS the REGION variable for Romania has been corrected for an abnormal frequency distribution in version v2-0-0. Please note that the number of cases changed for the regions “Sud-Est (South-East)” and “Bucuresti –Ilfov (Bucharest)“ in variable p7ro: 80 former cases from “Sud-Est (South-East)” are now coded “Bucuresti -Ilfov (Bucharest)“. Accordingly the number of cases also changed for the regions “Macroregion 2” and “Macroregion 3” in variable p7ro_r. As a consequence of this data correction weights referring to Romania have been modified. Please note that official reports and tables may be based on former weights and slight deviations to the current dataset results can exist.
Number of Units: 27672
Number of Variables: 499
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 441. The European Year for Development. Citizens´ views on development, cooperation and aid. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit). Brussels, February 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.2841/204540
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 442. Attitudes of Europeans towards animal welfare. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit). Brussels, March 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.2875/884639
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 443. Public perception of illicit tobacco trade. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of European Anti-Fraud Office and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit). Brussels, July 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.2784/325264
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 444. Citizens´ view on nature-based solutions. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Research and Innovation and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit). Brussels, April 2018.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.