GESIS - DBK - ZA6646
 

ZA6646: Flash Eurobarometer 424 (Possible Obstacles to Using the Euro in International Trade)

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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2016): Flash Eurobarometer 424 (Possible Obstacles to Using the Euro in International Trade). TNS Political & Social [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6646 Data file Version 1.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12520
Study No.ZA6646
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 424 (Possible Obstacles to Using the Euro in International Trade)
Current Version1.0.0, 2016-4-18, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12520
Date of Collection20.07.2015 - 07.08.2015
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication COMM A1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit

Content

AbstractObstacles to using the euro in international trade. Topics: 1. Questionnaire A (only in FR, DE, IT, and NACE-Codes B, C, D): percentage of intra-group exports in the last fiscal year; three largest exporting countries outside the euro area measured by value; share of exports invoiced in euro; other currencies used; same main currency to settle imports and exports from outside the euro area; benefit for own company from trade invoicing of exports and imports in euro with partners from outside the euro area; reasons for using currencies other than the euro for export invoicing; strongest bargaining power in setting the invoice currency in the company’s sector: importer, exporter, larger company, depends; reasons for invoicing in foreign currencies; trade practices that do not allow to set the euro as invoicing currency; measures to address exchange rate risks in international trade activities; reasons for not addressing exchange rate risks; importance of each of the following factors when choosing the euro as invoicing currency: transaction size, contract duration and delivery time, exchange rate volatility of the euro, interest rates, macroeconomic shocks; impact of the recent European sovereign debt crisis on the use of the euro in invoicing practices; preconditions to increase the use of the euro in international trade. 2. Questionnaire B (only in FR, DE, IT, and NACE-Codes K, M): share of services provided to intra-group entities based abroad on the basis of all services provided to entities based abroad (in percent); three largest exporting countries outside the euro area measured by value; share of services provided to entities based abroad invoiced in euro; other currencies used; benefit for own company from invoicing provided or received services in euro with partners from outside the euro area; reasons for using currencies other than the euro for invoicing serviced provided to entities based abroad; strongest bargaining power in setting the invoicing currency in the company’s sector: invoicing entity, invoiced customer, larger company, depends; reasons for invoicing in foreign currencies; trade practices that do not allow to set the euro as invoicing currency; measures to address exchange rate risks in international trade activities; reasons for not addressing exchange rate risks; importance of each of the following factors when choosing the euro as invoicing currency: transaction size, contract duration and delivery time, exchange rate volatility of the euro, interest rates, macroeconomic shocks; impact of the recent European sovereign debt crisis on the use of the euro in invoicing practices; preconditions to increase the use of the euro in international trade. 3. Questionnaire C (only in UK, and NACE-Codes K, M): share of services provided to intra-group entities based abroad on the basis of all services provided to entities based abroad (in percent); three largest exporting countries inside the euro area measured by value; share of services provided to entities based abroad invoiced in euro; share of services provided to entities based abroad invoiced in currencies other than the euro or the British pound; benefit for own company from invoicing provided or received services in euro with partners based abroad; reasons for using the euro for invoicing serviced provided to entities based abroad; strongest bargaining power in setting the invoicing currency in the company’s sector: invoicing entity, invoiced customer, larger company, depends; reasons for not invoicing in euro; trade practices that do not allow to set the euro as invoicing currency; measures to address exchange rate risks in international trade activities; reasons for not addressing exchange rate risks; importance of each of the following factors when choosing the euro as invoicing currency: transaction size, contract duration and delivery time, exchange rate volatility of the euro, interest rates, macroeconomic shocks; impact of the recent European sovereign debt crisis on the use of the euro in invoicing practices; preconditions to increase the use of the euro in international trade. Demography: information about the company: company size, number of employees; country of registration for trade and financial reporting; turnover of the company in the last fiscal year; percentage of the company’s turnover in the last fiscal year coming from exports; percentage of exports into and outside the euro area in the last fiscal year; percentage of the company’s turnover in the last fiscal year coming from imports; percentage of imports from and from outside the euro area in the last fiscal year. Additionally coded was: country; NACE-Code; questionnaire split.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Stock Market and Monetary Transactions
Topics Topics
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 8.2 Business/industrial management and organisation

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
UniverseBusinesses employing 1 or more persons in the following sectors: (1) aircraft and shipbuilding, (2) energy, (3) financial services (excluding insurance), and (4) electrical and mechanical engineering; companies involved in international trade with partners outside the Eurozone in Italy, France and Germany; companies in the UK in the sector of financial services, engaged in trade with partners in the Eurozone or with partners outside EU.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Stratified Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Infratest Deutschland, Munich, Germany; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia srl, Milan, Italy; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; TNS Political & Social, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 20.07.2015 - 07.08.2015

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2016-4-18 Archive release https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12520
Errata in current version
none
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 400
Number of Variables: 178
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • European Commission: Flash Eurobarometer 424. Possible obstacles to using the euro in international trade. Conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer” Unit). Brussels, February 2016. doi:10.2765/375800.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.