GESIS - DBK - ZA6693

ZA6693: Eurobarometer 85.1 (2016)

Downloads and Data Access

On this page you find the complete metadata and an overview of all available data sets and documents for the requested study. The download of all files is possible from our central search page under the following link:
ZA6693 Downloads and Data Access

List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA6693_missing_v2-0-0.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA6693_v2-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 22 MBytes
  • ZA6693_v2-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 22 MBytes


  • ZA6693_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 646 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 152 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 155 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 154 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 153 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 160 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 153 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 147 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 147 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 154 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 152 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 151 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 146 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 148 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 155 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 148 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 157 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 153 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 155 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 148 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 150 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 157 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 153 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 154 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 153 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 163 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 148 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 160 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 153 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 163 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 151 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 163 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 148 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 150 KBytes
  • ZA6693_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 160 KBytes


  • ZA6693_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 85.1 (April 2016): Perceptions and expectations, the fight against terrorism and radicalisation, Antimicrobial resistance, Financial products and services, and Online platforms
Availability Availability 0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
Download of Data and Documents Download of Data and Documents All downloads from this catalogue are free of charge. Data-sets available under access categories B and C must be ordered via the shopping cart with a few exceptions. Charges apply! Please respect our Terms of use.

Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels (2019): Eurobarometer 85.1 (2016). TNS opinion [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6693 Data file Version 2.0.0,
Study No.ZA6693
TitleEurobarometer 85.1 (2016)
Other Titles
  • Perceptions and expectations, the fight against terrorism and radicalisation, Antimicrobial Resistance, Financial Products and Services, and Online Platforms (Original Title)
Current Version2.0.0, 2019-10-29,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR36672.v1
Date of Collection09.04.2016 - 18.04.2016
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ‘Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer’
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit


AbstractTopics: 1. Europeans in 2016: things that bring citizens of different EU member states together are more important than things that separate; appropriateness of current EU actions and preferred level of intervention in the fields of: economic policy, foreign policy, fight against unemployment, health and social security, migration, environmental protection, fight against terrorism, security and defence policy, equal treatment of men and women, agriculture, promotion of democracy and peace in the world, energy supply and security, fight against tax fraud, protection of external borders, industrial policy; assessment of the risk of a terrorist attack in the own country; most effective level to combat terrorism in the own country: regional or local, national, European, global, all together; most urgent EU measures to fight terrorism; most urgent EU measures to fight radicalisation and the recruitment of EU citizens by terrorist organisations; awareness of the mutual defence clause between EU member states; assessment of the of the mutual defence clause. 2. Antimicrobial resistance: use of oral antibiotics in the last twelve months; source of last course of antibiotics used: medical prescription, medical practitioner, some left from a previous course, without prescription from a pharmacy, without prescription from elsewhere; reasons for taking last course of antibiotics: pneumonia, bronchitis, rhinopharyngitis, flu, cold, sore throat, cough, fever, headache, diarrhea, urinary tract infection, skin or wound infection; knowledge test on antibiotics: kill viruses, effective against cold or flu, unnecessary use makes them become ineffective, frequency of side-effects; knowledge of the time when to stop a course of treatment; information about not taking antibiotics unnecessarily in the last twelve months; source of the information; change of own point of view due to information; planned future use of antibiotics due to information; additional information desired on the following aspects of antibiotics: resistance, use, medical conditions for the use, prescription, links between the health of humans, animals, and the environment; preferred sources for trustworthy information on antibiotics; preferred level of action to tackle the resistance to antibiotics: individual or family, regional, local, national, European, global, all levels together; approval of farm animals being treated with antibiotics in case of this being the most appropriate treatment; awareness of the interdiction to use antibiotics in farm animals to stimulate growth within the EU. 3. Financial products and services: possession of the following financial products and services: current bank account, savings account, mortgage loan, credit card, personal loan, shares or bonds, investment fund, life insurance, car insurance, private health insurance; products purchased in another EU member state; main concerns about purchasing financial products and services in other EU member states; change of provider of the aforementioned products and services in the last five years and reasons for not changing; transactions in or to another EU member state with a currency other than the one in respondent’s country in the last twelve months; approval of the following statements regarding these transactions: transparent information on fees charged, fees charged are too high. 4. Online Platforms: frequency of the following online activities: use of search engines, use of online social networks, use of online marketplaces; attitudes towards selected statements on search engines: respondent usually finds what he is looking for when searching online, trust that results provided are the most relevant ones, sponsored results can clearly be identified, considerations to change search engine if results are not useful; degree of awareness of terms and conditions of online platforms; attitudes towards the following statements on search results on online platforms: ranking of search results has effect on consumer behaviour, ranking of results is expected to correspond to respondent’s interest, platforms should be able to change ranking of results according to own commercial interests; attitudes towards selected statements on the collection and the use of personal data by online platforms: awareness that internet experience depends on user’s prior activities, concern about the data collected, display of search results on the basis of data collection of user behaviour should be regulated by public authorities; feeling of comfort or discomfort with regard to the use of information of online activity and personal data of users to tailor advertisements or content in the following platforms: search engines, online social networks, online marketplaces; assessment of the reliability of review rankings. Demography: nationality; age; age at end of education; internet use (at home, at work, at school); left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; EU image. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Issues
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Medicine
  • Saving, Investment of Money
  • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Income, property and investment/saving
  • Information society
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 7 Health
  • 17.2 Income, property and investment/saving
  • 9.1 Information society


Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 09.04.2016 - 18.04.2016

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2019-10-29 Archive edition
1.0.02016-10-14 Archive pre-release
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 2.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description

Further Remarks

NotesQuestion module QA was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. Questions QA9 to QA17 on ‘Perceptions and expectations, the fight against terrorism and radicalization’ are – except for QA9 – newly introduced. Data for questions QA1 to QA8 (European Youth in 2016) are only available separately in the framework of Eurobarometer 85.1OVR (ZA6696) including an OVeRsample of young respondents aged 16 to 30. Question module QB on ‘Antimicrobial Resistance’ partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 79.4 (ZA5852). Question module QC on ‘Financial Products and Services’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 76.1 (ZA5565). Question module QD on ‘Online Platforms’ is newly introduced. Extrapolated population figures as calculated by WEXTRA differ slightly from the population 15+ figures per country indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS. Additional variables qd1a_1f to qd6f represent results for internet and online platforms users only. Respondents who do not use the internet or online platforms are recoded “9” (Inap.) in each variable. For Italy, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania the end of fieldwork dates coded in the dataset in variable p1 differ from the end of fieldwork dates indicated in the official technical specifications. Furthermore, a high number of cases (2.687) across almost all samples has not been coded a fieldwork date but “DK” in the original dataset. No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.
Number of Units: 27969
Number of Variables: 524
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Parliament: European Parliament Special Eurobarometer (EB 85.1): Europeans in 2016: Perceptions and expectations, fight against terrorism and radicalisation. Conducted by TNS opinion at the request of the European Parliament and co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, June 2016. European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 445. Antimicrobial Resistance. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, June 2016. European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 446. Financial Products and Services. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, July 2016. European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 447. Online Platforms. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content & Technology. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, June 2016.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.