GESIS - DBK - ZA6697

ZA6697: Eurobarometer 86.1 (2016)

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  • ZA6697_v2-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 22 MBytes
  • ZA6697_v2-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 20 MBytes
  • ZA6697_v2-0-0_missing.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes


  • ZA6697_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 533 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 183 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 177 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 187 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 183 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 186 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 170 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 183 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 171 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 174 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 184 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 179 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 170 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 164 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 163 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 172 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 165 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 173 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 164 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 170 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 163 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 164 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 167 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 175 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 183 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 172 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 163 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 174 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 164 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 167 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 172 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 173 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 167 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 181 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 161 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 162 KBytes
  • ZA6697_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 172 KBytes


  • ZA6697_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 86.1 (September-October 2016): Parlemeter 2016, Future of Europe, Media pluralism and democracy
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels (2020): Eurobarometer 86.1 (2016). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6697 Data file Version 2.0.0,
Study No.ZA6697
TitleEurobarometer 86.1 (2016)
Other Titles
  • Parlemeter 2016, Future of Europe, and Media pluralism and democracy (Subtitle)
Current Version2.0.0, 2020-7-13,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR36874.v1
Date of Collection24.09.2016 - 03.10.2016
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.1 ‘Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer’
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit


AbstractTopics: 1. Parlemeter 2016: recent reception of media reports on the European Parliament; self-rated knowledge about the activities of the European Parliament; image of the European Parliament; desired importance of the role of the European Parliament; seat allocation of the MEPs according to nationality or to political affinities; adoption of the European Parliament’s decisions according to: interests of the member states from which the MEPs are coming, political affinities of the MEPs, both; preferred policies at EU level to be promoted by the European Parliament; prioritized values to be defended by the European Parliament; things that bring citizens of different EU member states together are more important than things that separate; most important elements of the European identity; most important aspects in strengthening the feeling of being a European citizen; assessment of the own country’s membership in the EU as a good thing; benefits from the EU membership and reasons for benefit. 2. Future of Europe: main assets and main challenges of the EU; preferred issues to be emphasized by society in order to face global challenges; attitude towards a ´two speed Europe´; assessment of the EU’s current and expected influence in 2030 compared to: the USA, Japan, China, India, Brazil, and Russia; embodiment of selected values by the EU compared to other countries: respect for nature and environment, social equality and solidarity, peace, progress and innovation, freedom of opinion, tolerance and openness, respect for history; image of the following countries or group of countries: EU, Germany, France, United Kingdom, USA, Russia, China; most important political issues for the future of Europe; preference for more decision-making at the European level in selected policy areas; attitude towards selected statements: EU is a place of stability in a troubled world, free-market economy should go with a high level of social protection, globalisation threatens national identity, EU offers a future perspective for European youth, recognition of people’s interests by national political system, rise of political parties protesting against traditional political elites is a matter of concern, everyone in the own country has a chance to succeed in life; expectations regarding the life of future generations in the EU. 3. Media pluralism and democracy: attitude towards selected statements on the situation of the media in the own country: provide trustworthy information, provide a diversity of views and opinions, provide information free from political or commercial pressure, public service media are free from political pressure; assessment of freedom and independence of the national media compared to five years ago; assessment of the diversity of views and opinions in the national media compared to five years ago; reliability of the following media: TV, radio, newspapers, social media; awareness of the monitoring authority for audio-visual media in the own country; assessment of the independence of the monitoring authority from political, governmental, or commercial pressures; following of and participation in debates on social media; awareness of abuse, hate speech, or threats on social media; consequences on own engagement in online debates. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; opinion leadership; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; image of the EU. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Issues
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Information society
  • Information technology
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 9 Information and communication
  • 9.1 Information society
  • 18.2 Information technology


Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS Gallup Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 24.09.2016 - 03.10.2016

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2020-7-13 Archive edition
1.1.02017-9-5 Archive pre-release update
1.0.02017-2-10 Archive pre-release
Errata in current version
2020-10-1COMPUTE uniqid=tnscntry*10000000+caseid. Please note that in variable uniqid („UNIQUE RESPONDENT ID (CASEID BY TNS COUNTRY CODE)“) the respondent identification for Belgium is erroneous, the first digit does not represent the correct country code. The variable can be corrected using the following command (SPSS): COMPUTE uniqid=tnscntry*10000000+caseid. if (caseid eq 9999999) uniqid eq 999999999.
Version changes
Changes between version 2.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2020-5-19eu27bAll cases in country group variable eu27b “NATION GROUP EU28 NO UK” are erroneously coded as system missing. The variable will be corrected with the next update. 2020-7-13variable corrected
2020-5-25qc9Value label 9 in variable qc9 should read "Inap. (not coded 1, 2 or 3 in qc7 and qc8)". The value label will be corrected with the next update. 2020-7-13value label corrected
2020-7-3qa4Variable label for qa4 should read "EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT – ROLE PREFERENCE". The variable label will be corrected with the next update.2020-7-13variable label corrected
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2017-9-1d72_1, d72_2 The variable labels have erroneously been switched: Variable label for d72_1 should read “MY VOICE COUNTS - IN THE EU” and variable label for d72_2 should read “MY VOICE COUNTS - IN (OUR COUNTRY)”. The variable labels will be corrected with the next update.2017-9-5variable labels corrected

Further Remarks

NotesQuestion module QA ‘Parlemeter 2016’ was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. It partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 84.1 (ZA6596). Question module QB ‘Future of Europe’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 81.1 (ZA5878) and Eurobarometer 78.2 (ZA5686). Question module QC ‘Media pluralism and democracy’ was newly introduced. No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11. Questions qc5 and qc6 refer to country-specific media bodies that can be identified via the corresponding country questionnaires (with the exception of the German questionnaire). The filter routing for question qc9 displayed in the questionnaires refers only to categories “very often” (1) and “sometimes” (2) (“IF QC7=1,2 OR QC8=1,2”), while the definition of following and directly participating in debates on social media displayed in the report and in the data additionally includes persons answering “rarely” (3) on qc7 or qc8. Please note that four respondents from Germany give substantial answers in d46_1 to d46_11 (“OWNERSHIP DURABLES”) and at the same time are coded 1 (“Mentioned”) in d46_12 (“None”). Questionnaire item D62_3 (Internet use on mobile device) was not actually presented to the respondents. D62_4 in the questionnaires is displayed as D62_3 in the data set. Please note that the basic questionnaire contains information on “Region- Other division” for Ireland, Finland and Estonia with obsolete divisions (valid until Eurobarometer 81.2). This is also true for the corresponding national field questionnaires.
Number of Units: 27768
Number of Variables: 482
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Parliament: European Parliament Special Eurobarometer (EB 86.1): Parlemeter 2016. Conducted by TNS opinion at the request of the European Parliament and co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, November 2016.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 451. Future of Europe. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Communication. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit). Brussels, December 2016.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 452. Media pluralism and democracy. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit). Brussels, November 2016.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.