GESIS - DBK - ZA6787

ZA6787: Flash Eurobarometer 446 (The Euro Area, October 2016)

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List of Files


  • ZA6787_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 4 MBytes
  • ZA6787_v1-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 7 MBytes
  • ZA6787_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 5 MBytes


  • ZA6787_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 345 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 207 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 158 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 158 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 158 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 154 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 176 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 173 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 152 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_ie-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 154 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_ie-ga.pdf (Questionnaire) 171 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 171 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 158 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 157 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 157 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 157 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 157 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 155 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 159 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 155 KBytes
  • ZA6787_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 160 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA6787_readme.pdf (Other Document) 125 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2016): Flash Eurobarometer 446 (The Euro Area, October 2016). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6787 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA6787
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 446 (The Euro Area, October 2016)
Current Version1.0.0, 2016-12-19,
Date of Collection17.10.2016 - 18.10.2016
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication COMM A1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit


AbstractAttitude towards the European Union and the implementation of the Euro as currency. Economic situation. Topics: having the euro is a good thing for the own country and for Europe; changes in feeling European due to the euro; difficulty to distinguish and handle euro bank notes and specific coins; opinion about the number of existing coins and which euro coin denominations should be removed; approval of the abolition of 1- and 2-cent euro coins and to mandatory up- and down-rounding of the final sum of purchase; conversion from the price in euro to the national currency when it comes to exceptional and common purchases; prices increased during the changeover period (only in countries that introduced the euro in the last three years); attitude towards selected statements on the euro: eases travelling, reduces cross-border banking charges; preference for more or less co-ordination among euro-area governments; development of EU economic policy coordination among euro area countries in recent years; attitude towards the following statements on current reforms: need for significant reforms to improve economy, successful reforms in other euro area countries facilitate reforms in the own country, governments need to save for the ageing populations, retirement age should be increased to ensure sustainability of the pension system; importance of reforms to help increase growth and employment in the areas: labour market, health system, pension system, social security system, market reforms, taxation, education systems; expectations regarding the inflation rate in the current year. Demography: travels outside the own country at least once a year; development of household income since last year and expectations for the current year; age; sex; nationality; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; region; type of community; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; household composition and household size. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; type of phone line; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Stock Market and Monetary Transactions
Topics Topics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Lithuania (LT)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 19 Member States where the euro is used and aged 15 years and over
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Multistage
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Telephone interview: Computer-assisted (CATI)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS Infratest Deutschland, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia S.A., Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia srl, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILRES, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; MISCO International Ltd, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Öst. Gallup Institut, Vienna, Austria; TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; Mediana DOO, Ljubljana, Slovenia; TNS SK, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Political & Social, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 17.10.2016 - 18.10.2016

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2016-12-19 Archive release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 17535
Number of Variables: 132
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Flash Eurobarometer 446. The euro area. Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer” Unit). Brussels, 2016. doi:10.2765/746767.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Common Currency (EURO)