GESIS - DBK - ZA6857

ZA6857: Flash Eurobarometer 451 (Business Perceptions of Regulation)

Downloads and Data Access

On this page you find the complete metadata and an overview of all available data sets and documents for the requested study. The download of all files is possible from our central search page under the following link:
ZA6857 Downloads and Data Access

List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA6857_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 4 MBytes
  • ZA6857_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 4 MBytes


  • ZA6857_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 243 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 115 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 114 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 117 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 114 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 109 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 117 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 109 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 114 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 114 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 114 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_ie-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_ie-ga.pdf (Questionnaire) 114 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 115 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 115 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 114 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 117 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA6857_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA6857_readme.pdf (Other Document) 144 KBytes
Availability Availability 0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
Download of Data and Documents Download of Data and Documents All downloads from this catalogue are free of charge. Data-sets available under access categories B and C must be ordered via the shopping cart with a few exceptions. Charges apply! Please respect our Terms of use.

Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2017): Flash Eurobarometer 451 (Business Perceptions of Regulation). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6857 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA6857
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 451 (Business Perceptions of Regulation)
Current Version1.0.0, 2017-10-27,
Date of Collection13.03.2017 - 23.03.2017
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication COMM A1 ´Strategic Communication´ Unit


AbstractAttitudes of businesses towards EU legislation on companies. Topics: assessment of EU legislation with regard to own company as supportive or as an obstacle; attitude towards the following statements on EU legislation on companies: companies benefit from reducing differences between EU member states, legislation is an obstacle to innovation, improves access to suppliers and customers, increases the cost of administrative processes, helps companies to be competitive, increases bureaucracy in the company, encourages investments, hampers growth of the company, creates equal conditions for competition, helps ensure quality and safety of products and services; development of regulatory costs in selected areas in the last financial year: VAT, workplace health and safety, consumer protection, safety, labour market, environment, energy and climate; assessment of the difficulty to comply with legislation in the aforementioned areas; assessment of the amount of time needed for selected tasks: understanding requirements, completing paperwork, provision of the same information to different authorities, keeping up to date with regulatory changes; reasons for not complaining about administrative tasks with regard to legislation. Demography: information about the company: number of employees, year of company establishment, development of the number of employees since January 2015; independent or part of national or international group; activities of the company in the following locations in the last twelve months: country where business is established, one or two other EU countries, three or more other EU countries, outside the EU; total turnover in 2016; development of turnover since January 2015; intention to do the following within the next two years: launch new products or services, use new selling channels, expand to other EU countries, expand to countries outside the EU, invest in fixed assets, create new jobs; self-rated knowledge of the origin of legislation applying to company; awareness of actions aiming at simplifying administrative tasks linked to legislation: in the own country, in other EU countries, at EU level; complaints with regard to administrative tasks linked to legislation made in the last two years. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; NACE-Code; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Legal system, Legislation, Law
Topics Topics
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 17.5 Economic policy


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
UniverseThe survey covers businesses in manufacturing (NACE category C), services (NACE categories G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, R) and the industry sector (NACE categories B, D, E, F) within the European Union.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Telephone interview: Computer-assisted (CATI)
Data Collector NID, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic; TNS Gallup DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Millward Brown IMS, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; NID, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International Ltd, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; TNS Research Austria, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS Gallup Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS SIFO, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS Political & Social, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 13.03.2017 - 23.03.2017 (total)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Belgium)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Bulgaria)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Czech Republic)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Denmark)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Germany)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Estonia)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Ireland)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Greece)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Spain)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (France)
  • 13.03.2017 - 23.03.2017 (Croatia)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Italy)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Cyprus)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Latvia)
  • 14.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Lithuania)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Luxembourg)
  • 13.03.2017 - 23.03.2017 (Hungary)
  • 13.03.2017 - 23.03.2017 (Malta)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Netherlands)
  • 13.03.2017 - 23.03.2017 (Austria)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Polska)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Portugal)
  • 13.03.2017 - 23.03.2017 (Romania)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Slovenia)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Slovakia)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Finland)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (Sweden)
  • 13.03.2017 - 22.03.2017 (United Kingdom)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2017-10-27 Archive release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 10614
Number of Variables: 143
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Business perceptions of regulation. Conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of the European Commission, Secretariat-General. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Strategic Communication” Unit). Brussels, October 2017. DOI: 10.2792/229240
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.