GESIS - DBK - ZA6928

ZA6928: Eurobarometer 88.3 (2017)

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Eurobarometer 88.3 (November 2017)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation    European Commission, Brussels (2018): Eurobarometer 88.3 (2017). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6928 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA6928
TitleEurobarometer 88.3 (2017)
Other Titles
  • Standard Eurobarometer 88 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.0, 2018-4-6,
Date of Collection05.11.2017 - 19.11.2017
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.3 ´Media monitoring and analysis´


AbstractAttitudes towards the EU. Europe 2020. European citizenship. Media use. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU: life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: own country, national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, provision of public services in the own country (not in CY); expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, situation in the own country in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU (only in EU28); assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing (not in EU28 and CY); expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country (not in EU28 and CY); assessment of the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC) as a good thing; expectations of benefit from the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC); general direction things are going in the own country, the EU, and in the USA; trust in selected institutions: written press (not in CY), radio (not in CY), television (not in CY), internet (not in CY), online social networks (not in CY), political parties, national legal system (not in CY), police (not in CY), army (not in CY), public administration (not in CY), regional or local public authorities (not in CY), national government (not in CY), national parliament (not in CY), European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; positive associations with the following terms (only in EU28): free trade, globalisation, protectionism; meaning of the EU to the respondent; most suitable attributes for describing the EU (only in EU28): modern, democratic, protective, efficient, remote, forward-looking; knowledge of (only in EU28 and CY) and trust in (only in EU28) selected institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of European Parliament members by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states (only in EU28), further enlargement, common defence and security policy (only in EU28), free trade and investment agreement between the EU and the USA (only in EU28), common European migration policy (only in EU28), common energy policy (only in EU28), digital single market within the EU (only in EU28), free movement of EU citizens (only in EU28); satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU (only in EU28); approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), more decisions to be taken at EU level (only in EU28, not in CY); optimism about the future of the EU (only in EU28). 2. Europe 2020 (only in EU28): likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter, increase industry’s contribution to economy to 20% of GDP; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges; most important objectives in a European energy union; feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; attitude towards additional measures to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU on EU level and / or on national level; attitude towards the right for EU citizens to: live or work in every member state of the EU, live or work in the respondent’s country. 3. European economy: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (split A; not in CY), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (split B; not in CY), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level (not in CY); approval of selected measures to reform global financial markets (only in EU28): introduction of a tax on financial transactions, introduction of Eurobonds. 4. European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards: own city, own country, European Union, Europe; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity (only in EU28); most positive results of the EU; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens (only in EU28); most important personal values (only in EU28); values that best represent the EU (only in EU28); amount of shared values between the member states (only in EU28); approval of selected statements (only in EU28 and CY): immigrants contribute a lot to the own country, people in the own country have a lot of things in common, respondent understands what is going on the world, own country should help refugees, everything was better before, confidence in the future; awareness of the European flag; attitudes towards the European flag: good symbol for Europe, stands for something good, personal identification with the flag, should be seen on all public buildings in the own country next to national flag (only in EU28); assessment of the current speed of building Europe and preferred speed (only in EU28). 5. Media use: assessment of the informedness of the people in the own country about European matters; self-rated knowledge about European matters; frequency of the following activities (only in EU28): watching television on a TV set, watching television via the internet, listening to the radio, reading printed press, using the internet, using online social networks; preferred sources of information on national political matters (only in EU28); preferred sources of information on European political matters; preferred sources of information on the European Union, its policies and institutions; assessment of the appropriateness of coverage with European Union issues in the following media (only in EU28): TV, radio, printed press, websites, online social networks; assessment of the presentation of the EU in the national media as positive (only in EU28); attitude towards selected statements on political information in online social networks: modern way to keep abreast, not trustworthy, can get people interested, good way to have a say. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview (only in BE, LU, ES, FI, EE, LV, MT, MK, TR); nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
  • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
Topics Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 9 Information and communication
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Lipa Consultancy, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania; TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 05.11.2017 - 19.11.2017 (total)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Belgium)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Bulgaria)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Czech Republic)
  • 05.11.2017 - 14.11.2017 (Denmark)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Germany)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Estonia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Ireland)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Greece)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Spain)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (France)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Croatia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Italy)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Republic of Cyprus)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Latvia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 14.11.2017 (Lithuania)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Luxembourg)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Hungary)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Malta)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Netherlands)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Austria)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Poland)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Portugal)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Romania)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Slovenia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Slovakia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Finland)
  • 05.11.2017 - 14.11.2017 (Sweden)
  • 05.11.2017 - 14.11.2017 (United Kingdom)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Turkish Cypriot Community)
  • 05.11.2017 - 19.11.2017 (Turkey)
  • 05.11.2017 - 09.11.2017 (Macedonia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Montenegro)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Serbia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Albania)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2018-4-6 Pre-Release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 87.3 [ZA6863] and 86.2 [ZA6788]. Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available.
Number of Units: 33193
Number of Variables: 705
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 88. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested by the European Commission, requested and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM Unit ´Media monitoring and analysis´). []
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.