GESIS - DBK - ZA6963

ZA6963: Eurobarometer 89.1 (2018)

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Eurobarometer 89.1 (March 2018)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation    European Commission, Brussels (2018): Eurobarometer 89.1 (2018). Kantar Public, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6963 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA6963
TitleEurobarometer 89.1 (2018)
Other Titles
  • Standard Eurobarometer 89 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.0, 2018-11-15,
Date of Collection13.03.2018 - 28.03.2018
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ´Media monitoring, media analysis and Eurobarometer´


AbstractAttitudes towards the EU. Europe 2020. European economy. European citizenship. EU budget. Future of the EU. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU: assessment of the current situation in the following areas: own country, national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, provision of public services in the own country (not in CY); expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, situation in the own country in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU (only in EU28); assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing (not in EU28 and CY); expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country (not in EU28 and CY); assessment of the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC) as a good thing; expectations of benefit from the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC); general direction things are going in the own country, the EU, and in the USA; trust in selected institutions: media, political parties, national legal system (not in CY), police (not in CY), army (not in CY), public administration (not in CY), regional or local public authorities (not in CY), national government (not in CY), national parliament (not in CY), European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; positive associations with the following terms: free trade, globalisation, protectionism, large companies, small and medium-sized companies, welfare state, security, solidarity, entrepreneurship (not in candidate countries), liberalisation (not in candidate countries), competition, trade unions, public service; meaning of the EU to the respondent; most suitable attributes for describing the EU (only in EU28): modern, democratic, protective, efficient, remote, forward-looking; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions (only in EU28 and CY): European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank (not in CY), European Council (not in CY), Council of the European Union (not in CY), Court of Justice of the EU (not in CY), European Court of Auditors (not in CY), European Committee of the Regions (not in CY), European Economic and Social Committee (not in CY), European Ombudsman (not in CY); knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of European Parliament members by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states (only in EU28), further enlargement, common defence and security policy (only in EU28), common trade policy (only in EU28), common European migration policy (only in EU28), common energy policy (only in EU28), digital single market within the EU (only in EU28), free movement of EU citizens (only in EU28); satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU (only in EU28); approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), more decisions to be taken at EU level (only in EU28, not in CY); optimism about the future of the EU (only in EU28). 2. Europe 2020 (only in EU28): likelihood to bring industry’s contribution to the EU economy to 20 % of GDP by 2020; most important objectives in a European energy union; feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; attitude towards additional measures to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU on EU level and / or on national level; attitude towards the right for EU citizens to: live or work in every member state of the EU, live or work in the respondent’s country. 3. European economy: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements: measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (only in EU28; split A; not in CY), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (only in EU28; split B; not in CY), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level (only in EU28; not in CY). 4. European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards: own city, own country, European Union, Europe; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity (only in EU28); most positive results of the EU; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens (only in EU28); most important personal values (only in EU28); values that best represent the EU (only in EU28); amount of shared values between the member states (only in EU28); approval of selected statements: immigrants contribute a lot to the own country (only in EU28), people in the own country have a lot of things in common (only in EU28), respondent understands what is going on the world, own country should help refugees (only in EU28), everything was better before, confidence in the future; assessment of the current speed of building Europe and preferred speed (only in EU28). 5. EU budget (only in EU28): attitude towards an increase in the EU budget given its political objectives; assumed fields on which most of the EU budget is spent; preferred fields to spend most of the EU budget on. 6. Future of the EU (only in EU28): main assets and main challenges of the EU; preference for more decision-making at EU level in each of the following areas: fight against terrorism, health and social security, gender equality, democracy and peace, secure energy supply, migration issues from outside the EU, environmental protection, investment and job creation; expectations regarding the life of future generations in the EU; most important political issues for the future of Europe; personal benefit from the following EU achievements: reduced border controls, improved consumer rights when shopping in another EU country, cheaper calls when using a mobile phone in another EU country, receiving medical assistance in another EU country, strengthened rights of air transport passengers, working, living, or studying in another EU country; happiness with the following aspects: living in the own country, living in the EU. Demography: nationality; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
  • Public Expenditures
Topics Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Face-to-face interview: Computer-assisted (CAPI/CAMI)
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorKantar Belgium, Brussels, Belgium; Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic; Kantar GALLUP A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark; Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany; Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece; TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain; Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France; Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; Kantar Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; Kantar Public, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Info Research Austria Institut für Markt-und Meinungsforschung, Vienna, Austria; Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland; Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal; CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland; Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; The Kantar Group UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Lipa Consultancy, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania; Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 13.03.2018 - 28.03.2018 (total)
  • 14.03.2018 - 27.03.2018 (Belgium)
  • 14.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Bulgaria)
  • 15.03.2018 - 25.03.2018 (Czech Republic)
  • 13.03.2018 - 27.03.2018 (Denmark)
  • 14.03.2018 - 27.03.2018 (Germany)
  • 14.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Estonia)
  • 14.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Ireland)
  • 14.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Greece)
  • 16.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Spain)
  • 14.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (France)
  • 14.03.2018 - 25.03.2018 (Croatia)
  • 13.03.2018 - 24.03.2018 (Italy)
  • 13.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Cyprus)
  • 14.03.2018 - 25.03.2018 (Latvia)
  • 13.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Lithuania)
  • 13.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Luxembourg)
  • 15.03.2018 - 27.03.2018 (Hungary)
  • 13.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Malta)
  • 13.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Netherlands)
  • 13.03.2018 - 25.03.2018 (Austria)
  • 16.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Poland)
  • 14.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Portugal)
  • 14.03.2018 - 27.03.2018 (Romania)
  • 13.03.2018 - 25.03.2018 (Slovenia)
  • 13.03.2018 - 27.03.2018 (Slovakia)
  • 13.03.2018 - 28.03.2018 (Finland)
  • 13.03.2018 - 28.03.2018 (Sweden)
  • 14.03.2018 - 28.03.2018 (United Kingdom)
  • 14.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Turkish Cypriot Community)
  • 15.03.2018 - 28.03.2018 (Turkey)
  • 13.03.2018 - 23.03.2018 (Macedonia )
  • 14.03.2018 - 27.03.2018 (Montenegro)
  • 13.03.2018 - 26.03.2018 (Serbia)
  • 15.03.2018 - 22.03.2018 (Albania)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2018-11-15 Pre-Release
Errata in current version
2018-11-16qe1, qe2a, qe2b.9, qe2b.10, qe3a, qe3b.9, qe3b.10 The value labels of variables qe1, qe2a, qe2b.9, qe2b.10, qe3a, qe3b.9, and qe3b.10 contain spurious characters but they are otherwise correct. The variables will be corrected with the next update.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 88.3 [ZA6928], Eurobarometer 88.1 [ZA6925] and 87.3 [ZA6863]. No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.
Number of Units: 33130
Number of Variables: 770
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 89. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested by the European Commission, requested and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM Unit ´Media monitoring, Media Analysis and Eurobarometer´). []
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.