GESIS - DBK - ZA7488

ZA7488: Eurobarometer 90.2 (2018)

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  • ZA7488_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 26 MBytes
  • ZA7488_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 26 MBytes


  • ZA7488_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 423 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 783 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 793 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 785 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 789 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 793 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 799 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 785 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 773 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 770 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 798 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 781 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 781 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 775 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 772 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 788 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 772 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 797 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 789 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 795 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 770 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_it-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 787 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 776 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 794 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 787 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 788 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 783 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 788 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 802 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 772 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 792 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 782 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 799 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 781 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 795 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 771 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 783 KBytes
  • ZA7488_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 804 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA7488_readme.pdf (Other Document) 171 KBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 90.2 (October-November 2018): Future of Europe, Climate change, and Europeans attitudes towards internet security
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2019): Eurobarometer 90.2 (2018). Kantar Public [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7488 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA7488
TitleEurobarometer 90.2 (2018)
Other Titles
  • Future of Europe, Climate change, and Europeans attitudes towards internet security (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.0, 2019-5-15,
Date of Collection24.10.2018 - 07.11.2018
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ‘Media Monitoring and Eurobarometer’


AbstractTopics: 1. Future of Europe: preferred characteristics of the future European Union: equal wages for the same job, minimum level of guaranteed health care, government for the entire EU, gender equality, reduction in food waste, increased use of renewable energies, equal access to education, guaranteed minimum pension, increase of organic agriculture, high level of security; preference for more or less harmonization between EU countries with regard to the following areas: education, food safety, social benefits, quality of goods and services, privacy and data protection, environmental standards, animal welfare, wages, quality of agricultural goods, pensions, taxation, consumer protection; preferred measures with regard to immigration into the EU in order to increase benefit for European citizens: improve situation in countries of origin, reinforce controls at European borders, develop common asylum policy, fight illegal immigration, welcome all people, create a Border Guard Corps at EU level, inforce integration, impose limits on the arrival of new people, reinforce collaboration between EU countries; preferred measures with regard to environmental protection: preserve natural resources, reduce food waste, set stricter norms for industry, develop renewable energies, invest in more environmentally-friendly forms of transport, reduce energy consumption, deal with technological and electronic waste, increase recycling and waste sorting, protect biodiversity; preferred measures with regard to make life safer for citizens: better cooperation of the member states in the field of defence policy, tackle cybercrime, better control of external borders, combat terrorism and radicalisation; main threats for the future EU: armed conflict within the EU, disagreement between member states, declining birth rate, conflicts with countries outside the EU, poor immigration management, political extremism, new member states, epidemics or diseases, terrorist attacks, brain drain, natural disasters, ageing population, pollution, member state leaving the EU; preferred measures to provide economic security: jobs for everyone, universal basic income, stimulate economic growth, fair level of state pensions, fight corruption, harmonize social rights, increase welfare benefits. 2. Climate change: assessment of human impact on climate change; impact of climate change on each of the following events: heat or cold waves, droughts and wildfires, floods, hurricanes and heavy rainstorms, earthquakes, landslides; most likely events due to climate change in 2050; attitude towards the implementation of measures in the EU member states to promote: recycling, energy efficiency, clean economy; attitude towards the following statements: fighting climate change and more efficient use of energy can boost economy and jobs in the EU, promoting EU expertise in new clean technologies to countries outside the EU can benefit the EU economically, reducing fossil fuel imports from outside the EU can benefit the EU economically, reducing fossil fuel imports from outside the EU can increase the security of EU energy supplies, more public support should be given to the transition to clean energies. 3. Future of Europe: main assets and main challenges of the EU; preferred issues to be emphasized by society in order to face global challenges; embodiment of selected values by the EU compared to other countries: respect for nature and the environment, social equality and solidarity, peace, progress and innovation, freedom of opinion, tolerance and openness, respect for history; image of the following countries or group of countries: EU, Germany, France, United Kingdom, USA, Russia, China, Japan; most important issues for the future EU: comparable education standards, well defined external borders, introduction of the euro in all member states, comparable living standards, common army, economic government for the entire EU; attitude towards selected statements: EU is a place of stability in a troubled world, free-market economy should go with a high level of social protection, globalisation threatens national identity, EU offers a future perspective for European youth, recognition of people’s interests by national political system, rise of political parties protesting against traditional political elites is a matter of concern, everyone in the own country has a chance to succeed in life; expectations regarding the life of future generations in the EU; assessment of the quality of life in the EU compared to: USA, Japan, China, India, Brazil, Russia; assessment of the political influence of the EU compared to: USA, Japan, China, India, Brazil, Russia; preference for enhancing common European policy in important areas on instigation of only some member states or by all of them (two speed Europe); preferred level of decision-making in the fields of: migration, fight against terrorism, employment and social protection, energy policy, environmental protection, health and consumer protection, economy and growth, agriculture and fisheries, foreign policy, security and defence policy, research and development, education; attitudes towards EU support of selected member states with regard to: guaranteeing minimum standard of living, tackling environmental crisis or natural disaster, tackling migration crisis, tackling terrorist attack; optimism about the future of the EU. 4. Internet security: devices used to access the internet; frequency of the following online activities: banking, buy goods or services, sell goods or services, use social networks, email, read news, play games, watch TV, read blogs, listen to radio and podcast, access public services, watch videos or listen to music, follow courses; concern about using the internet for online banking or the purchase of goods and services with regard to selected aspects: missing inspection of goods, security of online payments, misuse of personal data, missing delivery of ordered good or service; change of password of the following online services during the last twelve months: email account, social networks, shopping websites, banking websites, games, public services websites; change in internet use due to concern about security issues: less likely to buy goods or services, less likely to bank online, less likely to give personal information on websites, change security settings, visit only known or trusted websites, use different passwords for different sites, read e-mails only from persons respondent knows, only make use of own computer, install antivirus software, cancel online purchase due to suspicious seller or website, change password regularly, use more complex passwords, other, no concern; measures taken in the own household to protect children under 16 years from online harassment; self-rated knowledge about the risks of cybercrime; concern about becoming a victim of each of the following types of cyber criminal activities: receiving emails or phone calls asking for personal data, online fraud, denial of access to online services, malicious software on personal device, identity theft, encountering child pornography, encountering material promoting racial hatred or religious extremism, personal social media or email account being hacked, bank card or online banking fraud, being asked for a payment in return for getting back control over personal device; assessment of each of the aforementioned activities as a serious crime; frequency of having experienced the aforementioned situations (personally or friends or family); (assumed) reaction to the problem; awareness of a national contact point where to report cybercrime; attitude towards selected statements: concern about online personal information not being kept secure by websites, concern about online personal information not being kept secure by public authorities, avoidance of disclosing personal information online, increase of the risk of becoming a victim of cybercrime, appropriate ability of the respondent to protect himself / herself. Demography: age; nationality; internet use (at home, at work, at school); left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; financial difficulties during the last year; self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; expected development of personal living conditions in the next five years; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership; EU image. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • Technology, Energy
  • Legal system, Legislation, Law
  • International politics and organisations
  • Environment and conservation
  • Information society
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • 18.2 Information technology


Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • United Kingdom (GB-UKM)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in any of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Computer-assisted (CAPI/CAMI)
Face-to-face interview: Computer-assisted (CAPI/CAMI)
Data Collector Kantar Belgium (Kantar TNS), Brussels, Belgium; Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic; Kantar GALLUP, Copenhagen, Denmark; Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany; Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece; TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain; Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France; Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; Kantar Hoffmann, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Info Research Austria Institut für Markt-und Meinungsforschung, Vienna, Austria; Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland; Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal; Centrul Pentru Studierea Opiniei si Pietei (CSOP), Bucharest, Romania; Mediana DOO, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland; Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; Kantar UK Limited, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 24.10.2018 - 07.11.2018 (total)
  • 25.10.2018 - 07.11.2018 (Belgium)
  • 24.10.2018 - 04.11.2018 (Bulgaria)
  • 25.10.2018 - 06.11.2018 (Czech Republic)
  • 24.10.2018 - 07.11.2018 (Denmark)
  • 24.10.2018 - 06.11.2018 (Germany)
  • 24.10.2018 - 05.11.2018 (Estonia)
  • 24.10.2018 - 06.11.2018 (Ireland)
  • 24.10.2018 - 05.11.2018 (Greece)
  • 24.10.2018 - 03.11.2018 (Spain)
  • 24.10.2018 - 05.11.2018 (France)
  • 25.10.2018 - 07.11.2018 (Croatia)
  • 24.10.2018 - 05.11.2018 (Italy)
  • 24.10.2018 - 04.11.2018 (Cyprus)
  • 25.10.2018 - 06.11.2018 (Latvia)
  • 24.10.2018 - 05.11.2018 (Lithuania)
  • 24.10.2018 - 07.11.2018 (Luxembourg)
  • 25.10.2018 - 05.11.2018 (Hungary)
  • 24.10.2018 - 06.11.2018 (Malta)
  • 24.10.2018 - 05.11.2018 (Netherlands)
  • 24.10.2018 - 04.11.2018 (Austria)
  • 24.10.2018 - 06.11.2018 (Poland)
  • 25.10.2018 - 05.11.2018 (Portugal)
  • 24.10.2018 - 06.11.2018 (Romania)
  • 24.10.2018 - 04.11.2018 (Slovenia)
  • 24.10.2018 - 07.11.2018 (Slovakia)
  • 24.10.2018 - 07.11.2018 (Finland)
  • 24.10.2018 - 06.11.2018 (Sweden)
  • 24.10.2018 - 05.11.2018 (United Kingdom)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2019-5-15 Pre-Release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesQuestion module QA ‘Future of Europe I’ was newly introduced. Question module QB on ‘Future of Europe - Climate Change’ carries on the topic of climate change in the context of Special Eurobarometers 87.1 [ZA6861] and 83.4 [ZA6595] but introduces many new questions. Question module QC ‘Future of Europe II’ partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 88.1 (ZA6925) and Eurobarometer 86.1 (ZA6697). Question module QD on ‘Internet Security’ partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 87.4 (ZA6924). No data are available for protocol items p8 to p11.
Number of Units: 27339
Number of Variables: 751
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 479. Future of Europe - Climate change. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Communication. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, November 2018.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 480. Europeans’ attitudes towards Internet security. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, March 2019.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.