GESIS - DBK - ZA7492

ZA7492: Politbarometer 2018 (Cumulated Data Set)

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Politbarometer 2018 (Kumulierter Datensatz)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim (2019): Politbarometer 2018 (Cumulated Data Set). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7492 Data file Version 1.1.0,
Study No.ZA7492
TitlePolitbarometer 2018 (Cumulated Data Set)
Current Version1.1.0, 2019-12-10,
Date of Collection16.01.2018 - 13.12.2018
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
Contributor, Institution, Role
  • Langhans, Monika - GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften - DataCurator


AbstractThe following topics are included in the total data set. In some cases they were asked at any time, but in others only at one or more times. Most important political problems in Germany; intention to vote in the next Bundestag election and party preference (Sunday question, second vote); electoral behaviour in the last Bundestag election; coalition preference; evaluation of Angela Merkel´s re-election as Chancellor; evaluation of Angela Merkel´s resignation from the CDU party chair; evaluation of Sigmar Gabriel´s further term as Foreign Minister; satisfaction with the new government team; assessment of Horst Seehofer´s whereabouts as Interior Minister; assessment of a grand coalition of CDU/CSU and SPD; expected coalition of CDU/CSU and SPD; preference for new elections or minority government of CDU/CSU; assessment of a coalition of CDU/CSU and Greens, CDU/CSU and FDP, CDU/CSU, Greens and FDP, SPD, Die Linke and Greens as well as CDU/CSU and AfD; sympathy scale for the parties CDU, CSU, SPD, AfD, FDP, Linke and Greens (Split 1) or CDU, CSU, SPD Left, Green FDP and AfD (Split 2); satisfaction scale for the Federal Government from CDU/CSU and SPD as well as for the respective government parties; ranking of the parties that like best; most important politicians in Germany; sympathy scale for selected top politicians (Sigmar Gabriel, Robert Harbeck, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Winfried Kretschmann, Ursula von der Leyen, Christian Lindner, Heiko Maas, Angela Merkel, Friedrich Merz, Andrea Nahles, Cem Özdemir, Wolfgang Schäuble, Olaf Scholz, Martin Schulz, Horst Seehofer, Markus Söder, Jens Spahn, Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Sarah Wagenknecht); satisfaction with democracy; political interest; increasing conflicts between different groups (poor vs. rich, employers vs. employees, young vs. old, foreigners vs. Germans, East Germans vs. West Germans, women vs. men); opinion on the future traditional-conservative political course of the CDU; opinion on a greater role for left-wing positions in the future political course of the SPD; consequences of a left-wing development of the SPD; CDU/CSU should develop more to the right; consequences of a right-wing development for the CDU/CSU; satisfaction with the social market economy in Germany; assessment of the current economic situation in the country; most suitable party for solving the economic problems in the country; assessment of the current personal economic situation and expected economic situation in the coming year; expected upward trend in Germany (economic expectations); most competent party to create jobs, in the areas of social policy, social justice and securing pensions; party to which the characteristics progressive, credible, social, cares about the concerns of citizens are most likely to be assigned; satisfaction with the state of society in Germany; German society in comparison with its Western European neighbors; AfD: expected long-term success of the AfD; extent to which right-wing extremist ideas are disseminated in the AfD; agreement to the other parties´ refusal to cooperate with the AfD; AfD is elected because of political content or in protest against other parties; AfD as a danger to democracy in Germany; more frequent irregularities in dealing with party donations in the AfD than in other parties; right-wing extremism and left-wing extremism as a danger to democracy; sufficient commitment of police and authorities against right-wing extremists as well as at the political level; expected successful future for the Greens under the new party presidencies; development direction of the Greens for long-term success; assessment of the continuation of the strength of the Greens; party that harms the strength of the Greens the most; successful future of the FDP under the leadership of Christian Lindner; rather advantages or rather disadvantages for the German population through EU membership; importance of the EU for peace in Europe; opinion on a closer union of Germany with only a part of the EU states; consequences for cohesion in the EU through right-wing populists; right-wing populists as a danger for democracy in Europe; Brexit: opinion on Britain´s EU withdrawal; expected economic consequences of Britain´s EU withdrawal for the German economy and for the EU; importance of relations between Germany and Britain after Brexit; development of cohesion in the EU after Britain´s EU withdrawal; opinion on the extent of concessions made by EU countries to Britain after Britain´s EU withdrawal; expected agreement on important issues in the EU-UK exit negotiations; further EU concessions to the UK on changes to the exit treaty; assessment of relations between Germany and France; opinion on fundamentally closer cooperation in the EU and in the policy areas of refugee policy, foreign policy, financial policy and defence; stronger leadership role for Germany and France in the EU; assessment of Angela Merkel´s commitment to a strong Europe; importance of the EU´s unity in foreign policy issues; probability of unity in foreign policy issues; assessment of the EU ban on disposable plastic products; assessment of the introduction of the euro as a currency; euro successful in the long term; preferred use of state tax revenues; preferred area for state expenditure; institutional trust (courts, police, constitutional protection); assessment of the work of Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel as a whole and in refugee policy; assessment of the work of Interior Minister Horst Seehofer as a whole and in refugee policy; assessment of the work of SPD party chairwoman Andrea Nahles; main culprit for the government crisis in the dispute over the President of the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution Maaßen; assessment of the transfer of Maaßen as special advisor to the Interior Ministry; assessment of the work of the federal government from CDU/CSU and SPD; expectation of a better federal government from SPD, Greens and FDP and, respectively, from the SPD and the FDP. from CDU/CSU, FDP and Greens; assessment of the start of the new federal government; expected good cooperation of the federal government from CDU/CSU and SPD; expectation of continued existence of the coalition until the next Bundestag elections in autumn 2021; preference for new elections or new coalition if the federal government breaks down; Chancellor Angela Merkel shows leadership in the federal government; climate change: assessment of climate change as a major problem for Germany; expected success of the World Climate Conference in Poland for climate protection; sufficient efforts in Germany for climate protection; sufficient commitment of companies and citizens in Germany for climate protection; weather in summer 2018 as a result of climate change; summer 2018 personally too hot; opinion on financial aid for farmers due to persistent drought; refugees: Germany can cope with a high number of refugees from crisis areas; problems with refugees in the residential area; expected accelerated deportation of rejected asylum seekers; refugee policy: opinion on a stricter approach to refugee policy sought by Interior Minister Seehofer; expected assertiveness of Seehofer in this matter; migration issue as ´Mother of all political Problems´; assessment of the implementation of the deportation of rejected asylum seekers; assessment of the correct decisions in asylum procedures in Germany; demand for an additional investigation committee in connection with the grievances in the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF); opinion on the CSU demand for an entry ban for refugees already registered in another EU country; expected feasibility of this demand in practice; greater assertiveness of Angela Merkel or Horst Seehofer with regard to different points of view on the subject of refugees and asylum; solution of the refugee problem in Germany rather by Germany alone or together with other EU countries; expected success of Angela Merkel regarding a joint solution for the refugee problem with other EU countries; opinion on the EU regulation on the first admission of refugees; support for financial compensation payments instead of refugee admission; reunification was correct; predominance of differences or similarities in East and West; problems of reunification resolved; opinion on increasing defence spending; support for reintroducing conscription; support for universal service; support for universal service for asylum seekers and refugees; assessment of social justice in Germany; assessment of cohesion in society; opinion on the adequacy of Hartz IV benefits; assessment of poverty in Germany; development of the gap between rich and poor in Germany; opinion on the need for change in Hartz IV regulations; opinion on the movement ´Aufstehen´; assessment of the work of Martin Schulz as SPD chairman; assessment of the results of the exploratory talks between CDU, CSU and SPD; expected discharge of small and middle incomes as a result of the exploratory talks; implementation of the respective political demands by CDU, CSU and SPD in the results of the exploratory talks; SPD will be able to enforce improvements in the results of the exploratory talks; dispute in the SPD: government formation with CDU/CSU or opposition; ministerial office for SPD leader Martin Schulz in case of government formation; expected majority decision of SPD members for or against coalition with CDU/CSU; successful future for CDU under Angela Merkel´s party chairmanship, and for the SPD under Andrea Nahles´ party chairmanship; evaluation of the agreements in the coalition agreement; evaluation of the division of offices between Horst Seehofer and Markus Söder for the CSU; expected improvement of the relationship between CDU and CSU with the new Bavarian Prime Minister Markus Söder; opinion on the nationwide separate appearance of CDU and CSU in elections and expected separate appearance; election of CDU and CSU conceivable with separate appearance of the two parties; main culprit in the dispute between CDU and CSU; the CSU´s goal in the dispute with the CDU (solution of the refugee problem or better chances in the state elections in Bavaria); expected break-up of the federal government due to this dispute; opinion on the relationship of the governing parties; main culprit for bad relationship of the governing parties; preference for Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Friedrich Merz or Jens Spahn for the CDU party chair; most suitable candidate to lead the CDU into the future; suitability of Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Friedrich Merz and Jens Spahn for the office of Federal Chancellor; comparison of the three candidates with regard to credibility, sympathy, expertise and representation of the interests of citizens; attitude towards Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer as the new CDU Chairperson; expected consequences for government work with the new CDU Chairperson; CDU at odds on important political issues; in future more unity in the CDU under the chairmanship of Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer; asylum policy: assessment of the transit procedure; significantly fewer asylum seekers expected due to transit procedure; attitude to an immigration law; advocacy of a right of residence for rejected asylum seekers with training or job; party that has most likely asserted itself in asylum and refugee policy; expected lower voter turnout for the AfD due to stricter refugee policy; difference in who forms the federal government; participation in the grand coalition harms the SPD; government participation or opposition better for the SPD in the long run; support for Andrea Nahles as party leader of the SPD; expected successful future for the SPD chaired by Andrea Nahles; renewal of the SPD in the grand coalition possible; expected persistently poor survey results for the SPD; assessment of one´s own financial security in old age; assessment of the problems of the statutory pension insurance; suitable measures to solve the financing problems in the pension insurance (increase contributions to the pension insurance, finance pensions from tax funds, increase the retirement age, include civil servants and the self-employed, lower pension levels); Turkey: evaluation of relations between Germany and Turkey; Turkey as a trustworthy partner in political cooperation; importance of good relations between Germany and Turkey; threat to democracy in Turkey under President Erdogan; attitude to economic aid for Turkey; extent of President Erdogan´s influence on Turks in Germany; USA, Russia and China as reliable partners for Germany; assessment of relations between Germany and the USA; importance of good relations between Germany and the USA; USA under President Donald Trump as a reliable partner for the security of Europe; impact of Donald Trump´s presidency on Europe´s influence in the world; extent of damage to Germany following the introduction of punitive tariffs on European products by the USA; Probability of the introduction of punitive tariffs; support for the introduction of punitive tariffs on American products by the EU; introduction of punitive tariffs as a possible prelude to a global trade war; attitude to the re-election of Vladimir Putin in the Russian presidential elections; concerns about the policies of US President Donald Trump; concerns about the policies of Russian President Vladimir Putin; opinion on Western cooperation with Russia; expected increase in tensions between West and Russia; assessment of Western action against Russia following the poison gas attack; opinion on tightening EU economic sanctions against Russia for annexing the Crimea; assessment of US President Trump´s work; Syria war: sufficient EU commitment to a peace settlement in Syria; call for greater German participation in international aid programmes for the Syrian population; opinion on German military action in Syria; continuation of the nuclear agreement with Iran even without the US; expected consequences of the transfer of the US embassy to Jerusalem; assessment of compliance with data protection rules by Internet services such as Google and Facebook; sufficient commitment to security and order in Germany; sense of threat from crime; opinion on a driving ban for diesel passenger cars; too much political consideration for the interests of the German automotive industry; willingness to use public transport more frequently if it were free of charge; assessment of the trade union´s demands for 6 percent more pay in the public sector; understanding of warning strikes in the public sector; spread of sexual harassment of women in Germany; importance of the discussion on the subject of sexual harassment; equal pay for equal work for women and men in Germany; sufficient commitment of the Catholic Church to the sexual abuse education; evaluation of the proposal to resolve objections to organ donation; opinion on a general exclusion of AfD members from sports clubs; extent of anti-Jewish hostility in Germany; extent of Holocaust reappraisal in Germany; proportion in life justly due; interest in the marriage of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in England; football World Cup in Russia: Germany becomes football world champion; expected result of the German team at the World Cup; opinion on Russia as the venue of the World Cup; opinion on Joachim Löw as national coach after the elimination of the German national team at the World Cup; left-right self-assessment; classification of the parties SPD, CDU, CSU, Greens, FDP, Die Linke and AfD on a left-right continuum; review of the past year 2018 personally and for Germany; outlook on the coming year 2019. Demography: sex; age (categorised); marital status; cohabitation with a partner; school leaving certificate or desired school leaving certificate; completed studies or vocational training; occupation; own job at risk; occupational group; household size; number of persons in the household from 18 years of age; trade union member in the household; denomination; frequency of church attendance; party affiliation and party identification. Additionally coded: respondent ID; version; survey month; survey week; federal state; survey area; city size; sample (fixed or mobile); weighting factors: representative weight, total weight.
Categories Categories
  • Political Issues
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Political Parties, Organizations
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Elections
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11.1 Domestic political issues
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 11.7 Elections


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
UniverseResident population entitled to vote
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Multistage
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Telephone interview: Computer-assisted (CATI)
Time Method Time Method
  • Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorForschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
Date of Collection
  • 16.01.2018 - 18.01.2018 (week 3)
  • 30.01.2018 - 01.02.2018 (week 5)
  • 20.02.2018 - 22.02.2018 (week 8)
  • 13.03.2018 - 15.03.2018 (week 11)
  • 10.04.2018 - 12.04.2018 (week 15)
  • 24.04.2018 - 26.04.2018 (week 17)
  • 15.05.2018 - 17.05.2018 (week 20)
  • 05.06.2018 - 07.06.2018 (week 23)
  • 25.06.2018 - 29.06.2018 (week 26)
  • 09.07.2018 - 12.07.2018 (week 28)
  • 07.08.2018 - 09.08.2018 (week 32)
  • 28.08.2018 - 30.08.2018 (week 35)
  • 11.09.2018 - 13.09.2018 (week 37)
  • 25.09.2018 - 27.09.2018 (week 39)
  • 16.10.2018 - 18.10.2018 (week 42)
  • 06.11.2018 - 08.11.2018 (week 45)
  • 20.11.2018 - 22.11.2018 (week 47)
  • 11.12.2018 - 13.12.2018 (week 50)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2019-12-10 V6: east-west Berlin corrected; V96 through V98: value 6 recoded to 0
1.0.02019-1-9 first archive edition
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2019-12-10V96, V97, V98In weeks 15, 17, and 20 the answer category "not collected" was coded 6 instead of 0.2019-12-10corrected

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 30394
Number of Variables: 384
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  Politbarometer
    The ´Politbarometer´ surveys are performed since 1977 at about monthly intervals by the Forschungsgruppe Wahlen (Institute for election research) for the ZDF (Second German TV network). Since 1990 it is also available for the newly formed German states. They are intended to poll the opinions and attitudes of eligible Germans with regard to current events and issues as well as to political parties and individual politicians.