GESIS - DBK - ZA7550

ZA7550: European Values Study 2017: Romania - Hungarian minority (EVS 2017 Country data file)

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List of Files


  • (Dataset) 167 KBytes
  • (Dataset) 337 KBytes


  • ZA7500_bq_CAPI.pdf (Questionnaire) 740 KBytes
  • ZA7550_q_ro-hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 510 KBytes


  • ZA7500_cdb_App_A1_Religion.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA7500_cdb_App_A2_Political_Parties.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA7500_cdb_App_A3_Education.pdf (Variable Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA7500_cdb_App_A4_Mapping_Education.pdf (Variable Report) 485 KBytes
  • ZA7500_cdb_App_B1_Income_Terciles.pdf (Variable Report) 1 MByte
  • ZA7500_cdb_App_B_Income.pdf (Variable Report) 926 KBytes
  • ZA7500_cdb_App_C_NUTS.pdf (Variable Report) 590 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA7500_standards.pdf (Guidelines) 4 MBytes
  • ZA7500_standards_App_A_Official_Classifications.pdf (Guidelines) 2 MBytes
  • ZA7550_mr.pdf (Method Report) 363 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation EVS (2020): European Values Study 2017: Romania - Hungarian minority (EVS 2017 Country data file). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7550 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA7550
TitleEuropean Values Study 2017: Romania - Hungarian minority (EVS 2017 Country data file)
Current Version1.0.0, 2020-10-20,
Date of Collection23.11.2019 - 13.03.2020
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Kiss. Tamás - Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Székely, István G. - Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities, Cluj-Napoca, Romania


AbstractThe European Values Study is a large-scale, cross-national and longitudinal survey research program on how Europeans think about family, work, religion, politics, and society. Repeated every nine years in an increasing number of countries, the survey provides insights into the ideas, beliefs, preferences, attitudes, values, and opinions of citizens all over Europe. As previous waves conducted in 1981, 1990, 1999, 2008, the fifth EVS wave maintains a persistent focus on a broad range of values. Questions are highly comparable across waves and regions, making EVS suitable for research aimed at studying trends over time. The new wave has seen a strengthening of the methodological standards. The full release of the EVS 2017 includes data and documentation of altogether 37 participating countries. For more information, please go to the EVS website. Morale, religious, societal, political, work, and family values of Europeans. Topics: 1. Perceptions of life: importance of work, family, friends and acquaintances, leisure time, politics and religion; happiness; self-assessment of own health; memberships in voluntary organisations (religious or church organisations, cultural activities, trade unions, political parties or groups, environment, ecology, animal rights, professional associations, sports, recreation, or other groups, none); active or inactive membership of humanitarian or charitable organisation, consumer organisation, self-help group or mutual aid; voluntary work in the last six months; tolerance towards minorities (people of a different race, heavy drinkers, immigrants, foreign workers, drug addicts, homosexuals, Christians, Muslims, Jews, and gypsies - social distance); trust in people; estimation of people´s fair and helpful behavior; internal or external control; satisfaction with life; importance of educational goals: desirable qualities of children. 2. Work: attitude towards work (job needed to develop talents, receiving money without working is humiliating, people turn lazy not working, work is a duty towards society, work always comes first); importance of selected aspects of occupational work; give priority to nationals over foreigners as well as men over women in jobs. 3. Religion and morale: religious denomination; current frequency of church attendance and at the age of 12; self-assessment of religiousness; belief in God, life after death, hell, heaven, and re-incarnation; personal god vs. spirit or life force; importance of God in one´s life (10-point-scale); frequency of prayers; morale attitudes (scale: claiming state benefits without entitlement, cheating on taxes, taking soft drugs, accepting a bribe, homosexuality, abortion, divorce, euthanasia, suicide, paying cash to avoid taxes, casual sex, avoiding fare on public transport, prostitution, in-vitro fertilization, political violence, death penalty); religiousness; relation with de Supernatural without church or religion; belief in talismans and luck-bringing objects, participation in activities of any groups functioning within the church or congregation (like prayer groups, bible study groups, associations of the faithful, etc.); currently holding an official position within the church or congregation (church councilor, presbyter, minister, priest etc.). 4. Family: trust in family; most important criteria for a successful marriage or partnership (faithfulness, adequate income, good housing, sharing household chores, children, time for friends and personal hobbies); marriage is an outdated institution; attitude towards traditional understanding of one´s role of man and woman in occupation and family (gender roles); homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples; duty towards society to have children; responsibility of adult children for their parents when they are in need of long-term care; to make own parents proud is a main goal in life. 5. Politics and society: political interest; preference for individual freedom or social equality; self-assessment on a left-right continuum (10-point-scale) (left-right self-placement); individual vs. state responsibility for providing; take any job vs. right to refuse job when unemployed; competition good vs. harmful for people; equal incomes vs. incentives for individual effort; private vs. government ownership of business and industry; postmaterialism (scale); most important aims of the country for the next ten years; willingness to fight for the country; expectation of future development (less importance placed on work and greater respect for authority); trust in institutions; essential characteristics of democracy; vote in elections on local level, national level and European level; political party with the most appeal; another political party that most appeals; assessment of country´s elections (votes are counted fairly, opposition candidates are prevented from running, TV news favors the governing party, voters are bribed, journalists provide fair coverage of elections, election officials are fair, rich people buy elections, voters are threatened with violence at the polls); opinion on the government´s right to keep people under video surveillance in public areas, monitor all e-mails and any other information exchanged on the Internet, collect information about anyone living in the country without their knowledge; interest in politics in the media; concerned about the living conditions of people in the neighborhood, the people in the region, fellow countrymen, Europeans, all humans all over the world, elderly people, unemployed people, immigrants, sick and disabled people; societal aims (eliminating income inequalities, basic needs for all, recognizing people on merits, protecting against terrorism). 6. National Identity: trust in people from various groups (neighborhood, personally known people, people meet for the first time, people of another religion, and people of another nationality); geographical group the respondent feels belonging to (town, region of country, country, Europe, the world); evaluation of the impact of immigrants on the country´s development; attitude towards immigrants and their customs and traditions (take away jobs, increase crime problems, strain on country´s welfare system, should maintain their distinct customs and traditions or take over customs); important aspects of being European (to have been born in Europe, to have European ancestry, to be a Christian, to share European culture); attitude towards the enlargement of the European Union. 7. Environment: attitude towards the environment (scale: willingness to give part of own income for the environment, too difficult to do much about the environment, more important things in life than environment protection, own activities are useless unless others do the same for the environment, claims about environmental threats are exaggerated); protecting the environment vs. economic growth. Demography: sex; age (year of birth); born in the country of interview; country of birth; year of immigration into the country; current legal marital status; living together with the partner before marriage or before the registration of partnership; living together with a partner; steady relationship; number of people in the household (household size); age at completion of education; highest educational level; employment status; employment or self-employment in the last job; name or title of main job or last main job; profession (ISCO-08, SIOPS-08, ISEI-08, ESEC-08, EGP-11); number of employees (company size); supervising function and number of supervised people; occupational sector (Government or public institution, private business or industry, or private non-profit organization); unemployment longer than three months; dependency on social security during the last five years; scale of household income (weekly, monthly, annual). Information on partner/spouse: born in the country of interview; country of birth; highest educational level; employment status; employment or self-employment in the last job; name or title of main job or last main job; profession (ISCO-08, SIOPS-08, ISEI-08, ESEC-08, EGP-11); number of employees (company size); supervising function and number of supervised people. Information on respondent’s parents: father and mother born in the country; country of birth of father and mother; scale of household income; highest educational level of father and mother; employment status of father and mother when the respondent was 14 years old; occupational group of the main wage earner at respondent’s age of 14; characterization of the parents when respondent was 14 years old (scale: liked to read books, discussed politics at home with their child, liked to follow the news, had problems making ends meet, had problems replacing broken things). Interviewer rating: respondent´s interest during the interview. Additionally encoded: respondent-ID; casenumber-ID; survey year; start and end of fieldwork (year and month); country code (ISO 3166); country abbreviation (ISO 3166); country and year of fieldwork (ISO 3166); mode of data collection; region (NUTS); city size (NUTS); date of the interview; time of the interview (start hour and start minute, end hour and end minute); language of interview; interviewer number; duplication of cases after merging main and add-on datasets; Flag variable: inconsistencies; Flag variable: complete/incomplete case; household monthly net income (x1000), corrected for ppp in euros; type of municipality; weighting factors. Additional country specific variables are included in this national dataset.
Categories Categories
  • Work and Industry
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Society, Culture
  • Family
  • Person, Personality, Role
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • Cultural and national identity
  • Religion and values
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Family life and marriage
  • Gender and gender roles
  • Environment and conservation
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 1 Labour and employment
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 5.5 Religion and values
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 13.3 Family life and marriage
  • 13.4 Gender and gender roles
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection


Geographic Coverage
  • Romania (RO)
UniverseThe target population in EVS 2017 is defined as: individuals aged 18 or older (with no upper age limit) that have address of residence (not residential) in [country] within private households at the date of beginning of fieldwork (or in the date of the first visit to the household, in case of random-route selection) (see the EVS 2017 Methodological Guidelines). For the Romania – Hungarian minority survey, the following definition applies: All persons 18 years or older at the day of selection who are residents of Romania within private households, and who declare being of Hungarian ethnicity. There is no upper age limit and no exclusion regarding nationality or citizenship, but respondents must be able to complete the questionnaire in Hungarian language. The target population size is approximately 1.2 million persons. Research area: As approximately 99% of Romania’s ethnic Hungarians live in the historical region of Transylvania, the sampling is limited to this region. More precisely, 15 of Romania’s 41 counties are included, where the presence of ethnic Hungarians is significant, that is, all the counties from the Transylvania region (Alba, Arad, Bihor, Bistrița-Năsăud, Brașov, Cluj, Covasna, Harghita, Hunedoara, Maramureș, Mureș, Satu Mare, Sălaj, Sibiu, Timiș) except for one (Caraș-Severin). The capital city of Bucharest is also excluded.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
The sampling procedure consists of three stages: In a first stage a sample of localities/settlements is drawn randomly from a number of strata created on the basis of three variables: the subregions of Transylvania, size of the locality and the proportion of the Hungarians in the locality (based on data from the last census, 2011). Note that the PSU is the settlement/locality, not the municipality (a municipality or territorial-administrative unit may consist of multiple settlements in Romania). This ensures that in the next stage the number of respondents drawn from each stratum will be proportional to the proportion of the Hungarians living in localities of the respective kind (as compared to the total number of Hungarians). In the second stage, within each settlement selected in the first stage, field operators receive a randomly selected starting point and an increment, which will define a path that they have to walk in order to identify the households where they will attempt interviewing. In the third stage they use a quota sheet in order to determine which person to interview in the households, if multiple candidates are available.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Paper-and-pencil (PAPI)
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorS.C. TT RESEARCH & COMMUNICATIONS S.R.L., Cluj, Romania
Date of Collection
  • 23.11.2019 - 13.03.2020

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2020-10-20 Full Release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe EVS Romania – Hungarian minority survey, is part of the European Values Study (EVS), which has been carried out regularly since 1981. The survey consists of about 300 questions which are asked every nine years to the citizens of European countries. The data consist of a comprehensive insight into the values, opinions and attitudes of Europeans in relation to family life, work, the environment, beliefs, politics and society, religion and morals and national identity. The result is a set of data that can be compared over time and between countries.
Number of Units: 1106
Number of Variables: 395
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • The EVS Bibliography lists all kinds of publications using EVS data, based on national and cross-national analysis. The bibliography is an easy way to find relevant publications in the field of value studies. Moreover, some enhanced publications with information on the datasets, variables, and syntax codes of the concepts used are available. The EVS Bibliography can be found here [].
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


  •  European Values Study (EVS)
    The European Values Study 1981-2017 is a large-scale, cross-national and longitudinal survey research program carried out under the responsibility of the European Values Study Foundation. The five EVS waves 1981, 1990, 2008, and 2017 cover a broad range of topics including the main domains of life: work and leisure time, family and sexuality, religion, politics and ethics. The EVS holding includes integrated datasets on every EVS wave and additionally for the waves 1999 and 2008 the national datasets. The current EVS Longitudinal Data File 1981-2017 is based on the four waves and can be easily merged with the World Values Survey (1981-2021) to an Integrated Values Surveys 1981-2021 Data File.