GESIS - DBK - ZA7750

ZA7750: Eurobarometer 94.2 (2020)

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  • ZA7750_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 14 MBytes
  • ZA7750_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 13 MBytes


  • ZA7750_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 689 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA7750_readme.pdf (Other Document) 146 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission and European Parliament, BrusselsEuropean Commission, Brussels (2021): Eurobarometer 94.2 (2020). Kantar Public, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7750 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA7750
TitleEurobarometer 94.2 (2020)
Other Titles
  • Parlemeter 2020, and Social Issues (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.0, 2021-7-7,
Date of Collection20.11.2020 - 21.12.2020
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ‘Media Monitoring and Eurobarometer’
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit


AbstractTopics: 1. Parlemeter 2020: expected situation in the following areas in one year’s time compared to the current situation: personal living conditions, national economy; recent reception of media reports on the European Parliament; development of the presence of EU affairs in the media compared to 12 months ago; image of the European Parliament; desired importance of the role of the European Parliament; preferred issues to be a main priority of the European Parliament; prioritized values to be defended by the European Parliament; awareness about the ‘Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought’ awarded by the European Parliament; attitude towards the European Union; assessment of the own country’s membership in the EU as a good thing; benefits from the EU membership and reasons for benefit; attitude towards the effectiveness of the EU recovery plan to address the damage caused by the coronavirus pandemic and to invest in a green, digital, social and more resilient EU; most used media in the last week; main areas of disagreement between the national government and the EU; image of the EU; development of this image over the last year. 2. Social issues: personal importance of a social Europe; most important elements for the EU´s economic and social development; seriousness of the problem of the lack of social rights; preference for more decision-making at the European level in selected policy areas; awareness of the European Pillar of Social Rights; attitude towards the following statements about the European Pillar of Social Rights: will strengthen employment and social inclusion in the EU as a whole, success will depend on its implementation in the own country; expected future importance of social rights issues in building a stronger Europe; most important issues for the future of Europe: education (incl. training and lifelong learning), gender equality, employment, wages, social dialogue and involvement of workers, work-life balance, health and safety at work, childcare and support for children, social protection, minimum income, old age income and pensions, health care, inclusion of disabled persons, housing and assistance for the homeless, other; most important of the aforementioned issues the national government should take action to prepare the future of Europe; most important of the aforementioned issues the EU should take action to prepare the future of Europe; likelihood to reach a more social Europe by 2030. 3. Embargo Demography: age; nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; highest completed level of full time education; sex; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; internet connection; financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; general direction things are going in: own country, EU, USA; optimism about the future of the EU; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; own country’s voice counts in the EU. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; language of the interview; region; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Issues
  • Social Policy
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Social welfare policy
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 14 Social welfare policy and systems


Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 27 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
  • Mixed probability and non-probability
Please consult the additional information in the Technical Specifications in the basic questionnaire.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Computer-assisted (CAPI/CAMI)
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based (CAWI)
Please consult the additional information in the Technical Specifications in the basic questionnaire.
Data CollectorKantar Belgium, Brussels, Belgium; Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic; Kantar GALLUP A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark; Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany; Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Kantar Belgium, Brussels, Ireland; Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece; TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain; Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France; Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; Kantar Belgium, Brussels, Luxembourg; Kantar Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Das Österreichische Gallup Institut, Vienna, Austria; Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland; Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal; Centrul Pentru Studierea Opiniei si Pietei CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana DOO, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland; Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 20.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (total)
  • 03.12.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Belgium)
  • 24.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Bulgaria)
  • 04.12.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Czechia)
  • 24.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Denmark)
  • 24.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Germany)
  • 04.12.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Estonia)
  • 04.12.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Ireland)
  • 03.12.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Greece)
  • 25.11.2020 - 16.12.2020 (Spain)
  • 23.11.2020 - 16.12.2020 (France)
  • 23.11.2020 - 20.12.2020 (Croatia)
  • 23.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Italy)
  • 20.11.2020 - 12.12.2020 (Cyprus)
  • 24.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Latvia)
  • 03.12.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Lithuania)
  • 03.12.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Luxembourg)
  • 27.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Hungary)
  • 28.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Malta)
  • 23.11.2020 - 16.12.2020 (Netherlands)
  • 20.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Austria)
  • 26.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Poland)
  • 24.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Portugal)
  • 23.11.2020 - 18.12.2020 (Romania)
  • 07.12.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Slovenia)
  • 23.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Slovakia)
  • 03.12.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Finland)
  • 24.11.2020 - 21.12.2020 (Sweden)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2021-7-7 pre-release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThis wave of the Eurobarometer was collected during the COVID-19 pandemic. This necessitated a number of adjustments to the data collection process. Please consult the information referring to this in the Technical Specifications in the basic questionnaire. Question module QA ´Parlemeter 2020´ was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. It partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 92.2 (ZA7580) Eurobarometer 91.5 (ZA7576), and Eurobarometer 88.1 (ZA6925). Question module QB ´Social Issues´ was newly introduced. Question module QC is currently under embargo. Data for protocol variables p2 (time of interview), p3 (duration of interview), p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available. The variable names of the standard demography variables have been changed according to the usual Eurobarometer nomenclature.
Number of Units: 27213
Number of Variables: 350
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Parliament: European Parliament Special Eurobarometer (EB 94.2): Parlemeter 2020. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of the European Parliament and co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, February 2021.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 509. Social Issues. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of the Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, March 2021.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.